Are there any surviving historical written records about Black individuals in Sub-Saharan African languages?

Did Africa have written history?

The history of Africa has tended to rely on written evidence. But Africans had their own particular system of recording past events, situations and traditions, before Europeans started writing about it. This was based on collecting oral testimonies.

How did most African civilizations record their histories?

Histories were transmitted orally, in performance and from one generation of specialists to the next. While some narratives, such as those detailing the origins of a nation or royal lineage, were mythic in scope, others were much more prosaic and might have concerned legal codes or accounts of village or clan history.

Why did some historians believe that Africa had no history?

It was argued at the time that Africa had no history because history begins with writing and thus with the arrival of the Europeans. Their presence in Africa was therefore justified, among other things, by their ability to place Africa in the ‘path of history’.

When did writing come to sub-Saharan Africa?

In fact, says Fallou Ngom, who grew up in Senegal, people in sub-Saharan Africa have used a written system derived from Arabic to record the details of their daily lives since at least the 10th century.

Who said Africa has no history?

Even Hegel, in an apparent attempt to besmirch Africa, once asserted that “Africa is no historical part of the world; it has no movement or development to exhibit” (Hegel: 1956, 99, The Philosophy of History).

Is there a written African language?

The Geʽez script is an abugida that was created in Horn of Africa in the 8th-9th century BC for writing the Geʽez language. The script is used today in Ethiopia and Eritrea for Amharic, Tigrinya, and several other languages.

How far back does written history go?

5,000 years

History based on written records appears quite late in human history. The first written records date back a little more than 5,000 years in Egypt and ancient Sumer. The earliest Sumerian records were made using reeds cut at an angle to make wedge-shaped (cuneiform) marks on clay, which was then baked hard.

How far back does African history go?

The history of Africa begins with the emergence of hominids, archaic humans and – around 300-250,000 years ago—anatomically modern humans (Homo sapiens), in East Africa, and continues unbroken into the present as a patchwork of diverse and politically developing nation states.

What is the oldest known historical record?

The hieroglyphs date to between 3400 – 3200 BCE and are the oldest recorded history discovered so far in the world. The hieroglyphs were found in Tomb U-j, which is believed to hold the remains of Scorpion I, one of the first rulers of Ancient Egypt.

What is the oldest written language in Africa?

Ancient Egyptian:

Egyptian is still in use today as the Coptic Church’s liturgical language. The reason why this is thought to be the oldest vernacular of Africa is that its complete written sentence, which was discovered, dates back to 2690 BC. A form of this tongue is still used by a limited number of people.

How many written African languages are there?

Africa is a continent with a very high linguistic diversity, there are an estimated 1500-2000 African languages. gathering appoximately 140 languages with some eleven millions speakers scattered in Central and Eastern Africa.

What’s the oldest written language?

Sumerian language

Sumerian language, language isolate and the oldest written language in existence. First attested about 3100 bce in southern Mesopotamia, it flourished during the 3rd millennium bce.

How are written records available?

The period for which written record are available is called history. Explanation: History corresponds to the time after written records have been invented in a particular culture or society. Archeologists have found written documents in Egypt since 3200 BCE, the “accepted date” when history is started.

When did humans start keeping track of years?

History. The Anno Domini dating system was devised in 525 by Dionysius Exiguus to enumerate the years in his Easter table. His system was to replace the Diocletian era that had been used in an old Easter table, as he did not wish to continue the memory of a tyrant who persecuted Christians.

In what form are the written records available?

Answer. Answer: glyphs on the tablet. Recorded history or written history is a historical narrative based on a written record or other documented communication.

What happened before Recorded history?

Prehistory, the vast period of time before written records or human documentation, includes the Neolithic Revolution, Neanderthals and Denisovans, Stonehenge, the Ice Age and more.

How history is written?

They are written as though they are collections of information. In fact, history is NOT a “collection of facts about the past.” History consists of making arguments about what happened in the past on the basis of what people recorded (in written documents, cultural artifacts, or oral traditions) at the time.

What period of history had records?

Writing was invented in the 4th millennium BC and this was the advent of the written accounts of ancient history. This period is known as the Recorded history or the historic period.

Can we learn about the past without written records?

Letters, diaries, speeches, and photographs are examples of primary sources. Artifacts such as tools are also primary sources. Other tools that historians use are secondary sources.

Is the period for which no written records are available?

Period for which there are no written records are called Prehistory.

What is the period of history called for which no written records are available?


Prehistory. Prehistory traditionally refers to the span of time before recorded history, ending with the invention of writing systems. Prehistory refers to the past in an area where no written records exist, or where the writing of a culture is not understood.

WHO has no written records?

Answer: Period for which there are no written records are called Prehistory.

What are the evidences to know prehistory people’s life?

Millions of stone tools, statues and paintings, footprints and other traces of human behavior in prehistoric records tell where and how humans first lived and when some technological innovations were discovered.

What is difference between history and prehistory?

Scholars define prehistory as events that occurred before the existence of written records in a given culture or society. History refers to the time period after the invention of written records in a given culture or society.

What existed 10000 years ago?

In the Paleolithic period (roughly 2.5 million years ago to 10,000 B.C.), early humans lived in caves or simple huts or tepees and were hunters and gatherers. They used basic stone and bone tools, as well as crude stone axes, for hunting birds and wild animals.

What are the earliest written records of the region of Ethiopia?

Writing was introduced to Ethiopia as far back as the 5th century BC with the ancient South Arabian script. This South Semitic script served as the basis for the creation of Ethiopia’s Ge’ez script, the oldest evidence of which was found in Matara, Eritrea, and dated to the 2nd century AD.

Where does history begin and end?

There is no automatic cut-off point for when history stops and current affairs begin. History is a set of methodologies and approaches that all, in various ways, underline the need for sources. As long as you have enough sources to critically interpret the past, then you can write history.

How much of human history is recorded?

roughly 5,000 years

The span of recorded history is roughly 5,000 years, beginning with the Sumerian cuneiform script, with the oldest coherent texts from about 2600 BC. Ancient history covers all continents inhabited by humans in the period 3000 BC – AD 500.

How old is ancient?

As most definitions of the Middle Ages in Europe date its beginnings to the 6th century, something would have to be at least 1400-1500 years old to be considered “ancient” in a historical sense.

What was the first civilization?

The Mesopotamian Civilization

The Mesopotamian Civilization
And here it is, the first civilization to have ever emerged. The origin of Mesopotamia dates back so far that there is no known evidence of any other civilized society before them. The timeline of ancient Mesopotamia is usually held to be from around 3300 BC to 750 BC.

What are the 4 ancient civilizations?

All the major ancient civilizations—in Mesopotamia, Egypt, the Indus valley, and China—emerged in the 4th millennium bc. Historians still debate over which one emerged first.

Which is the oldest country in the world?

Oldest Countries 2022

Country Age Rank Sovereignty Acquired
Iran 1 3200 BC
Egypt 2 3100 BC
Vietnam 3 2879 BC
Armenia 4 2492 BC