Can someone clarify Livy’s argument in Book 21, Chapter 19 of Ab Urbe Condita Libri?

What does Livy say about Hannibal?

Livy’s opinion of Hannibal is voiced by the Carthaginian noble Hanno, who says “and this son of his, with the devil in his heart and the torch in his hand, to kindle its flames, I hate and abhor”. Hanno (Hanno II the Great) opposed war with Rome in the Carthaginian assembly (10).

What did Livy say about Romulus?

In the better-known account which is the second one Livy describes he states, “The more common report is that Remus contemptuously jumped over the newly raised walls and was forthwith killed by the enraged Romulus, who exclaimed, “So shall it be henceforth with every one who leaps over my walls.””9 Maybe Livy describes …

When was ab urbe condita Libri written?

around 27 BC

“The History of Rome”, or “Ab Urbe Condita Libri” is a monumental history of Ancient Rome written in Latin around 27 BC by the historian Titus Livius, known in English as Livy.

Which books of Livy survive?

Livy’s only surviving work is commonly known as “History of Rome” (or Ab Urbe Condita, ”From the Founding of the City”). Together with Polybius it is considered one of the main accounts of the Second Punic War.

How was Livy biased?

He was biased – against Hannibal (e.g. Livy ignores the prayers Hannibal offered before his campaign, presumably because he wanted to reinforce Hannibal’s impietas).

Is Livy a credible source?

This does not mean that Livy is now regarded as the most reliable of all ancient historians, but we can no longer approach his work as mere propaganda. Although he and his annalistic predecessors have often embellished the plain facts, the hard core of Livy’s information is essentially reliable.

What values did Livy think important?

Livy’s stories are legendary in character and he taught Romans moral values and virtues through them. He preached tenacity, duty, courage, and discipline.

What is one explanation for Livy’s alternative version of Romulus death?

There are several versions as to how Remus was killed on the day Rome was founded. In Livy’s version, Remus simply died after jumping over Romulus’ wall, which is thought to be a sign from the gods of Rome’s power and fate.

What was the significance of the story of Romulus and Remus what does it say about Rome perception of itself?

The legend of Romulus and Remus gave Romans a divine ancestry since the twins were said to be the offspring of the god Mars and the Vestal Virgin Rhea Silvia. The story also presented a lesson in overcoming adversity. The twins were left in the Tiber River to drown, but they miraculously survived.

Who was Livy’s intended audience?

Livy wrote primarily for the literate nobility as an audience. Emperors such as Augustus and Claudius adored his works.

Why is Livy unreliable?

Livy acknowledged a lack of contemporary written records from which to verify facts from Rome’s beginnings. Sometimes he mistranslated Greek literary sources. Without a background in practical military affairs or politics, his reliability in these areas is limited.

What was unique about Livy?

Livy was unique among Roman historians in that he played no part in politics. This was a disadvantage in that his exclusion from the Senate and the magistracies meant that he had no personal experience of how the Roman government worked, and this ignorance shows itself from time to time in his work.

What is the meaning of Livy?

olive tree

Meaning:olive tree. Livy is a baby girl name meaning “olive tree”. Originating from the Latin name Livia, Livy has become a common baby name throughout Argentina, Nicaragua, and Nigeria.

What were Livy’s sources?

In Books 31-45, Polybius, Antias and Claudius Quadrigarius were Livy’s sources. All these books are lost. It is a testimony to the quality of Livy’s work that almost all his sources are now lost. Livy’s account is as good as his sources, and we are fortunate that he was able to evaluate the quality of them.

What is Livy’s view of monarchy?

Vasaly tackles the first book of the AUC in Chapter 3 and draws two major conclusions. First, and unsurprisingly, she shows that Livy believes the success of a monarchy is dependent on the character of the monarch himself and therefore that monarchy is an extremely fragile form of government.

What does Livy state is the purpose of history?

Answer and Explanation: Livy’s main goal in writing history was to show the character of the Roman people. He wrote his history to demonstrate how Rome became powerful and great not because they were gifted with natural resources but because of their virtue.

Is Livy a primary source?

Your main primary sources for this text are Livy, Tertullian, and perhaps also Suetonius and Ovid. Here are the abbreviations used when citing these authors: Livy = Liv.

Are ancient historians primary sources?

Historians use primary sources as the raw evidence to analyze and interpret the past.

What economic and military problems contributed to the decline of the Roman Empire?

Even as Rome was under attack from outside forces, it was also crumbling from within thanks to a severe financial crisis. Constant wars and overspending had significantly lightened imperial coffers, and oppressive taxation and inflation had widened the gap between rich and poor.

How did economic and social reforms by Diocletian and Constantine affect the development of Roman Empire?

4. How did economic and social reforms by Diocletian and Constantine affect the Roman Empire? Their economic and social policies were based on coercion and loss of individual freedom that stifled innovation and stifled the vitality of the Late Empire, leaving it susceptible to foreign invaders.

What are the reasons of the fall of the Roman Empire?

Barbarians and Vandals

At the same time the Vandals took over the Roman territory in Africa, Rome lost Spain to the Sueves, Alans, and Visigoths. The loss of Spain meant Rome lost revenue along with the territory and administrative control, a perfect example of the interconnected causes leading to Rome’s fall.

What were the main reasons for the Romans success in controlling a large empire?

The military was one of the key reasons for Rome’s success. The Roman army was highly trained and disciplined, growing in reputation as the best army in the world. With their success in war, the empire was able to expand its control over 3 separate continents including Asia, Africa, and most of Europe.

How do you think the Romans expanded their territory and consolidated and maintained their power?

Based on your study of other empires, how do you think the Romans expanded their territory and consolidated and maintained their power? They expanded through war and trading.

How were the Romans able to successfully conquer and maintain such a vast empire for so long?

Rome was able to gain its empire in large part by extending some form of citizenship to many of the people it conquered. Military expansion drove economic development, bringing enslaved people and loot back to Rome, which in turn transformed the city of Rome and Roman culture.

What did the Roman poet mean when he said that the poor were only interested in bread and circuses?

This phrase originates from Rome in Satire X of the Roman satirical poet Juvenal (c. 100 CE). In context, the Latin panem et circenses (bread and circuses) identifies the only remaining interest of a Roman populace that no longer cares for its historical birthright of political involvement.

What were the Romans referring to when they say bread and circuses and what did they serve?

The Roman poet Juvenal in his poem Satire X coined the phrase “bread and circuses” (Latin: panem et circusensus) to describe how politicians maintained public approval through distraction.

What was the purpose of the bread and circuses?

A phrase used by a Roman writer to deplore the declining heroism of Romans after the Roman Republic ceased to exist and the Roman Empire began: “Two things only the people anxiously desire — bread and circuses.” The government kept the Roman populace happy by distributing free food and staging huge spectacles.

Why was it called bread and circuses?

After World War I, the collapse of German currency led to material assets being used for money. Here, people are exchanging bread, jam and other goods for circus tickets. The phrase really refers to people being pacified by their government with food and entertainment.

How did Gladiators get their name where were the Games held?

Armour & Weapons

The term gladiator derives from the Latin gladiatores in reference to their principal weapon the gladius or short sword. However, there was a wide range of other weapons employed in gladiator contests.

What are bread and circuses What are some of the different events that were held to keep the Roman people happy?

Bread and circuses

Free grain and controlled food prices meant that plebeians could not starve, while free entertainment – such as chariot races and gladiators in amphitheaters and the Circus Maximus – meant that they would not get bored and restless. Bribery it may have been, but it often worked.