Conditions of Upper-Silesian-Poles minority in Weimar Republic?

What was the problem of Upper Silesia?

Upper Silesia was an industrial area on the border between Germany and Poland. Who was involved in the dispute over Upper Silesia? Poland and Germany disputed the territory in 1921. Upper Silesia was awarded to Poland in the Treaty of Versailles, but most of the region’s population was German.

Why did Germany want Upper Silesia?

The Upper Silesia plebiscite was therefore a plebiscite for self-determination of Upper Silesia required by the Treaty of Versailles. Both Germany and Poland valued this region not only for reasons of national feeling, but for its economic importance as well.

Who was the Upper Silesian crisis between?

After a six-week inquiry, the League decided to split Upper Silesia between Germany and Poland.

What happened to the Silesian Germans?

Nazi Germany reacquired Upper Silesia with its conquest of Poland in 1939. The Germans killed or deported many educated Silesian Poles during World War II and filled the area with German settlers. But German-held Silesia was overrun in early 1945 by the Soviet Red Army.

When did Silesia revolt took place?

The massacre sparked protests from the Silesian Polish miners, including a general strike of about 140,000 workers, and caused the First Silesian uprising against German control of Upper Silesia.
First uprising (1919)

Date 16–26 August 1919
Location Parts of Upper Silesia
Result German forces crush uprising

What year did Silesian revolt take place?

Synopsis. In June 1844 disturbances and riots occurred in the Prussian province of Silesia, a major center of textile manufacturing. Crowds of weavers attacked homes and warehouses, destroyed machinery, and demanded money from local merchants.

Is Upper Silesia German?

Incorporated into the Prussian Silesia Province from 1815, Upper Silesia became an industrial area taking advantage of its plentiful coal and iron ore. Prussian Upper Silesia became a part of the German Empire in 1871.

Is Silesian a language?

The Silesian language or ethnolect is actually a group of several subdialects spoken today mostly in Upper Silesia. Historically, these dialects have been influenced by literary Polish, Czech and German languages, as well as Slovakian and Schlesisch (a dialect of German spoken in Lower Silesia before 1945).

What are the failures of the League of Nations?

Why did the League of Nations fail? There had to be unanimity for decisions that were taken. Unanimity made it really hard for the League to do anything. The League suffered big time from the absence of major powers — Germany, Japan, Italy ultimately left — and the lack of U.S. participation.

What was the significance of the revolt of Silesian weaves?

The Silesian Weavers uprising was the result of the cheating of the weavers by the contractors. They were paid low wages and forced to work more. Hence, in June 1845 the weavers raised a revolt against the contractors who drastically lowered their payments without any intimation.

What were the causes of Silesian revolt?

The cause of the Silesian weaver’s uprising was the cheating of the weavers by the contractors. In 1845, the weavers raised a revolt against the contractors who used to supply them raw material to weave textiles in finished form. The contractors drastically reduced their payments.

What was the nature of Silesian revolt?

Silesian Weavers’ Uprising

In 1844, several thousand weavers smashed the newly-introduced machinery that had driven down their wages in Silesia. Thereafter, the Prussian government repressed them with great brutality.

Are silesians German or Polish?


Silesia Ślůnsk (Silesian)
Country Poland Czech Republic Germany
Largest city Wrocław
Former seat Wrocław (Lower Silesia) Opole (Upper Silesia)

Is silesians a Czech?

Czech Silesia is, together with Bohemia and Moravia, one of the three historical Czech lands.
Czech Silesia.

Czech Silesia České Slezsko (Czech) Czeski Ślōnsk (Silesian)
Country Czech Republic
Former capital Opava
Largest city Ostrava

Is silesians a Slav?

The Silesians (Polish: Ślężanie) were a tribe of West Slavs, specifically of the Lechitic/Polish group, inhabiting territories of Lower Silesia, near Ślęża mountain and Ślęza river, on both banks of the Oder, up to the area of modern city of Wrocław.

What is Silesian sausage?

Pork sausage with beef, medium minced, smoked, scalded, cooked product. Ready to eat hot or cold.

What countries were Prussia?

Though itself one of Germany’s many states, the kingdom of Prussia was comprised of: West Prussia, East Prussia, Brandenburg (including Berlin), Saxony, Pomerania, the Rhineland, Westphalia, non-Austrian Silesia, Lusatia, Schleswig-Holstein, Hanover, and Hesse-Nassau.

Where is kashubia?

northwestern Poland

Kashubia or Cassubia (Kashubian: Kaszëbë, Kaszëbskô, Polish: Kaszuby, German: Kaschubei, Kaschubien) is a language area in the historic Eastern Pomerania (Pomerelia) region of northern and northwestern Poland. It is defined by the widespread use of the Kashubian language.

Are Pomeranians from Poland?

The Pomeranian breed has descended from an exceptionally long line of Arctic work dogs that could be often discovered in regions that today are called the Pomeranian regions of Poland and Northern Germany.

How many Kashubians are there?

On the 2011 census, the number of persons declaring “Kashubian” as their only ethnicity was 16,000, and 233,000 including those who declared Kashubian as first or second ethnicity (together with Polish). In that census, over 108,000 people declared everyday use of Kashubian language.

Is Pomeranian a language?

In medieval contexts, it refers to the dialects spoken by the Slavic Pomeranians.
Pomeranian language.

Native to Poland, Germany
Region Pomerania
Language family Indo-European Balto-Slavic Slavic West Slavic Lechitic Pomeranian
Language codes

Are Pomeranians German or Polish?

The Pomeranians (German: Pommern) are a German people living in Pomerania. In the High Middle Ages, groups people migrated to Pomerania during the Ostsiedlung.

What language family is Slovincian?

Slovincian language

Language family Indo-European Balto-Slavic Slavic West Slavic Lechitic Pomeranian Slovincian
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottolog slov1270

Who speaks Sorbian?

The two Sorbian languages, each having its own literary standard, are Upper Sorbian (hornjoserbsce), spoken by about 20,000–25,000 people in Saxony, and Lower Sorbian (dolnoserbski), spoken by about 7,000 people in Brandenburg.
Sorbian languages.

ISO 639-2 / 5 wen
Glottolog sorb1249
The Sorbian-speaking area in Germany

What religion are Sorbs?

Religious Beliefs.

Since the Reformation, Sorbs have been predominantly Protestant, specifically Lutheran, but one area to the northwest of Bautzen remained, and remains today, Catholic.

Where do Sorbs live?

eastern Germany

Sorb, German Sorben, any member of a Slavic minority living in eastern Germany. The Sorbs are concentrated in the Spree River valley, in the area of Bautzen (Budyšin) and Cottbus. This area was part of the traditional region of Lusatia (q.v.), whose history is intimately bound up with the Sorbs.

Where is Sorbian language spoken?

Czech language, formerly Bohemian, Czech Čeština, West Slavic language closely related to Slovak, Polish, and the Sorbian languages of eastern Germany. It is spoken in the historical regions of Bohemia, Moravia, and southwestern Silesia in the Czech Republic, where it is the official language.

Is Sorbian still spoken?

The number of Sorbian speakers is estimated at over 6000 for Lower Sorbian and 15,000 for Upper Sorbian.

How many Sorbs are there?

In the newly created German nation state of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, policies were implemented in an effort to Germanize the Sorbs.

Total population
60,000–80,000 (est.) • 45,000–60,000 Upper Sorbs • 15,000–20,000 Lower Sorbs
Regions with significant populations
Germany 60,000–80,000
Czech Republic 2,000

Where is Upper Sorbian spoken?


Upper Sorbian (hornjoserbšćina), occasionally referred to as “Wendish”, is a minority language spoken by Sorbs in Germany in the historical province of Upper Lusatia, which is today part of Saxony. It is grouped in the West Slavic language branch, together with Lower Sorbian, Czech, Polish, Slovak and Kashubian.

Is Sorbian the same as Serbian?

Sorbian, sometimes called Lusatian Sorbian (very rarely also Lusatian Serbian), is a West Slavic language spoken in Germany, whereas Serbian is a South Slavic language that forms a part of the BCS language group.

How many people speak Lower Sorbian?


The Sorbian language
Ethnologists estimate that the number of speakers of Lower Sorbian is 7,000 and the number of speakers of Upper Sorbian is 18,000; but trending down. The core of the Upper Sorbian area, where Sorbian is an everyday language, lies in the triangle between the towns of Bautzen, Hoyerswerda and Kamenz.