Copper and Bronze Age Burials in Western Europe

What were burials like in the Bronze Age?

4,700 years ago the Bronze age ‘Beaker’ people would bury their dead in a crouched position. Burials were accompanied with the laying down of grave goods including food, drinking vessels and body ornamentation.

What happened in Europe during the Bronze Age?

The Aegean Bronze Age begins around 3200 BC when civilizations first established a far-ranging trade network. This network imported tin and charcoal to Cyprus, where copper was mined and alloyed with the tin to produce bronze. Bronze objects were then exported far and wide and supported the trade.

How did the Bronze Age Impact Europeans?

It had introduced the use of copper for prestigious personal objects, individual burial rites, and possibly also new ideological structures to the Neolithic societies over vast areas of Europe.

Where did people bury their dead in the Bronze Age UK?

The people of the Bronze Age may be famous for constructing huge monuments and burying spectacular hordes, but in northern Britain they also buried their dead along with ceramic containers known to archaeologists as ‘food vessels’.

Why are burials important in Archaeology?

For us, burials function as some of our most important records of the human past. Often intended not to be disturbed, they tend to preserve material culture better than many other archaeological contexts, and can provide important information about past social, political, economic, and ideological orientations.

How did the Neolithic bury their dead?

Neolithic communities typically buried their dead beneath or beside their homes or on the outskirts of settlements. But in this case, farmers from villages as far as 15 to 20 kilometers away scattered the defleshed bones of their dead in the upper chamber of Scaloria Cave.

How did Bronze Age change people’s lives?

The Bronze Age started in the third millennium B.C. and with it brought great advancements to the world. The tools and weapons of the day were soon made stronger and more durable. This change allowed for a population increase since farming and hunting became more efficient and could support more people.

What were houses like in the Bronze Age?

Bronze Age roundhouses were circular structures with a wattle (woven wood) and daub (mud and straw) wall or a dry stone wall. Some houses had to be built on stilts as they were constructed on wetlands. Roundhouses usually had thatched roofs or were covered with turf that lay over a wooden cone of beams.

When was Europe’s Bronze Age?

The findings, based on a rough analysis of genetic material extracted from the teeth of 101 ancient humans, provide snapshots of how mass migrations changed Europe’s peoples during the Bronze Age, which lasted from around the year 3000 B.C. to 1000 B.C.

When did Europeans start burying their dead?

However, it is uncertain when this practice begun. The oldest known burial is thought to have taken place 130,000 years ago. Archeological evidence shows that Neanderthals practiced the burying of the dead. The dead during this era were buried along with tools and bones.

How did Mesolithic people bury their dead?

At what is now known as Hermitage, Co. Limerick, they placed the remains of a man upon a large funerary pyre. It was then lit and afterwards the cremated bone was carefully gathered together and placed within a small pit, marked by a wooden post.

When did we start burying our dead?

about 130,000 years ago

We can’t be sure, although the oldest known burial took place about 130,000 years ago. Burying the dead is perhaps the earliest form of religious practice and suggests people were concerned about what happens after death. There’s evidence that Neanderthals buried their dead along with tools and bones.

Was the Bronze Age peaceful?

There were indeed both peaceful and violent encounters in the Bronze Age, but our interpretation of them – deciding which was which – is very much an ongoing task.

What are 10 facts about the Bronze Age?

Top 10 Facts About The Bronze Age

  • The Bronze age was between 4000BC and 2000BC. …
  • The Bronze Age was in the middle of the Stone Age and the Iron Age. …
  • People used bronze to make weapons and tools. …
  • Metals were found by people mining for them. …
  • The wheel was invented! …
  • The first forms of writing started.

What was the religion in the Bronze Age?

The Solar Gods of the Bronze Age

The sun was the main deity of this time, sometimes represented as a god, sometimes as a goddess. Other times, a couple who created the whole universe was depicted. These were the forms that some of the solar gods of the time took. In Egypt, sun worship lasted for many centuries.

Did Bronze Age people believe in the afterlife?

According to Bronze Age beliefs, the deceased person went to a world beyond. Grave goods were supposed to show the person’s status even beyond death. The expense of the grave construction and the burial made the person’s rank visible in the afterlife.

What religion did cavemen have?

The Paleolithic people also had early forms of animalism or the worship of animals. Beyond just animalism, they also seem to have believed in animism, meaning giving spirits to natural and inanimate objects, and used rock paintings and petroglyphs, or rock carvings, for religious or magic rituals.

Why did humans in the Bronze Age build temples?

The Temple is a special building in Age of Empires that becomes available once the Bronze Age is reached. The main purpose of Temples in is to train and improve Priests, which can heal allied units and convert enemies. To build the Temple, a Market must be built beforehand.

How were houses built in the Bronze Age?

The Bronze-Age British house was generally created by placing timber posts in the ground, then filling the space between them with a lattice of woven wood or reeds and covering it in a sticky, insulating concoction of mud, dung, straw, and sand.

Who built the Stonehenge and why?

According to folklore, Stonehenge was created by Merlin, the wizard of Arthurian legend, who magically transported the massive stones from Ireland, where giants had assembled them. Another legend says invading Danes put the stones up, and another theory says they were the ruins of a Roman temple.

Was Stonehenge built in the Stone Age?

Stonehenge is perhaps the world’s most famous prehistoric monument. It was built in several stages: the first monument was an early henge monument, built about 5,000 years ago, and the unique stone circle was erected in the late Neolithic period about 2500 BC.

Which is older pyramids or Stonehenge?

Almost a mile away, remnants of the earthen berm that the ancients built around Stonehenge are still visible. Estimated as being erected in 3100 BC, Stonehenge was already 500-1,000 years old before the first pyramid was built.

What’s under Stonehenge?

Scientists discovered the site using sophisticated techniques to see underground. Among the discoveries are 17 ritual monuments, including the remains of a massive “house of the dead,” hundreds of burial mounds, and evidence of a possible processional route around Stonehenge itself.

Did the Druids build Stonehenge?

Stonehenge may have served as a burial site, meeting place, solar calendar or sacred ritual, but it wasn’t built as a Druid temple. Druids, a group of Celtic pagans, were long believed to have built Stonehenge and used it as a place of worship.

What religion are Druids?


Druids were polytheistic and had female gods and sacred figures, rather like the Greeks and Romans, but their nomadic, less civilised Druidic society gave the others a sense of superiority. This renders some of their accounts historically uncertain, as they may be tainted with exaggerated examples of Druidic practices.

Did the Romans wipe out the Druids?

The Romans had once sacrificed people but they now saw it as a barbaric practice that they could not tolerate in one of their colonies. The Romans determined that they would stamp out the Druids.

Are there still Irish Druids?

There has been a revival in Druidism in recent times, and Connor believes that increasing numbers, across various age groups, are visiting Ireland’s ancient temples in alignment with the rising and setting of the sun and moon.

What do you call a female druid?

The Irish have several words for female druids, such as bandruí (“woman-druid”), found in tales such as Táin Bó Cúailnge; Bodhmall, featured in the Fenian Cycle, and one of Fionn mac Cumhaill’s childhood caretakers; and Tlachtga, daughter of the druid Mug Ruith who, according to Irish tradition, is associated with the …

What ethnicity were the Druids?

Druid, member of the learned class among the ancient Celts. They acted as priests, teachers, and judges. The earliest known records of the Druids come from the 3rd century bce.

What language did Druids speak?


Sublanguages. Druidic was actually a language subgroup composed of two distinct but similar languages. The vast majority of druids spoke Drueidan; those from the Moonshaes spoke a language called Daelic.

What did Julius Caesar say about the Druids?

“At a fixed time of year they assemble at a holy place in the territory. . .” Julius Caesar described the Druids he encountered while serving as Governor of the Roman province of Gaul: “The Druids are in charge of all religious matters, superintending public and private sacrifices, and explaining superstitions.

Why did Druids worship trees?

Druids revere the natural world above all else. Trees, particularly oaks (‘Druid’ is thought to have meant ‘knowledge of the oak’), are considered sacred, and meetings are held in forest groves.