Does city-specific economic data for the pre-WW2 decades exist for Japan and Germany? How do I find out?

What type of economy did Japan have before ww2?

In the 1930s, the Japanese economy suffered less from the Great Depression than most industrialized nations, its GDP expanding at a rapid rate of 5% per year. Manufacturing and mining came to account for more than 30% of GDP, more than twice the value for the agricultural sector.

How Japan become so rich and developed?

With its phenomenal economic revival from the ashes of World War II, Japan was one of the first Asian countries to climb the value chain from cheap textiles to advanced manufacturing and services – which now account for the majority of Japan’s GDP and employment.

What was the economy of Japan after ww2?

The Japanese economy survived from the deep recession caused by a loss of the U.S. payments for military procurement and continued to make gains. By the late 1960s, Japan had risen from the ashes of World War II to achieve an astoundingly rapid and complete economic recovery.

What is the Japanese economy based on?

Japan’s economy depends mainly on exports which count for more than $640 billion. Cars’ export amount to nearly $100 billion, while vehicles’ spare parts amount to $30 billion.

What is the economic growth of Japan?

GDP Growth Rate in Japan averaged 0.43 percent from , reaching an all time high of 5.30 percent in the third quarter of 2020 and a record low of -7.90 percent in the second quarter of 2020.

How can Japan improve its economy?

The Economic Strategy Council judges that the economic revival of Japan would be impossible without reforming the current employment system of government employees, strongly implementing various institutional reforms including deregulation, improving the accounting methods in the public sector, fundamentally …

How did the Japanese economy recover so quickly after World War II?

The decreased spending on military and defense forces are clearly one of the main reasons for Japan’s economic miracle. In addition to the demilitarization, series of reform policies were set forth by the SCAP during the occupation, which was aimed to democratize the country.

How does the Japanese economy work?

Japan relies on its central bank to prop up its economy. Government spending is around 16.4% of the country’s GDP, but Japan can’t finance this through taxes because that would slow growth even more. Therefore, in order to spur growth, the Bank of Japan strives to keep interest rates low.

How has Japan changed since ww2 two ways?

After Japan surrendered in 1945, ending World War II, Allied forces led by the United States occupied the nation, bringing drastic changes. Japan was disarmed, its empire dissolved, its form of government changed to a democracy, and its economy and education system reorganized and rebuilt.

Why Japan economy is stagnant?

Debt levels continued to rise in response to the Global Financial Crisis in Great Recession in 2008, the Tōhoku Earthquake and Tsunami and Fukushima Nuclear Disaster in 2011, and with the COVID-19 pandemic, the subsequent recession in 2020 further damaged the Japanese economy.

What factors explain Japan’s economic success in the decades after World War II?

Japan’s economic success was due to U.S. military protection and economic assistance, the opportunity to build modern industries after wartime destruction, an educated and skilled workforce, and government regulation of industry and imports.

When did Japan become the second largest economy?


The Long Rivalry
China passed Japan in 2010 to become the world’s second-largest economy after the U.S. Compare the two economies over the past 50 years.

How did Japan recover from world war 2?

After the defeat of Japan in World War II, the United States led the Allies in the occupation and rehabilitation of the Japanese state. Between 1945 and 1952, the U.S. occupying forces, led by General Douglas A. MacArthur, enacted widespread military, political, economic, and social reforms.

Is Japan an economic superpower?

Japan was expected to eventually surpass the economy of the United States, which never happened. However, Japan is considered a cultural superpower in terms of the large-scale influence Japanese food, electronics, automobiles, music, video games, and anime have on the world.

How did the Japanese economy benefit from the Korean War?

The outbreak of the Korean War boosted Japan’s economy as Japan became the supplier of goods needed for war. Payments from the US government bolstered the Japanese economy, amounting to 27 percent of Japan’s total export trade.

How does South Korea promote economic growth?

South Korea’s education system and the establishment of a motivated and educated populace is largely responsible for spurring the country’s high technology boom and economic development.

Why is Korea successful economically?

The Republic of Korea has achieved remarkable success in combining rapid economic growth with significant poverty reduction. The government of Korea’s policies resulted in real gross domestic product (GDP) growth averaging 5.45% annually between .

What type of economic system does South Korea have?

South Korea has a mixed economic system which includes a variety of private freedom, combined with centralized economic planning and government regulation. South Korea is a member of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) and the Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement (APTA).

What were the major factors that contributed to the economic miracle of South Korea?

Innovation and technology are the key factors that have underpinned South Korean export competitiveness and fueled the country’s remarkable economic rise over the past decades.

What was the cause of Taiwan’s economic miracle?

These productivity boosts were achieved through land reform, structural change (urbanization and industrialization), and an economic policy of export promotion rather than import substitution.

When did South Korea become rich?

When did South Korea become wealthy? Korea recorded its first significant surplus at the end of 1986, and during that time it recorded a US$7 surplus. The US$11.7 billion and $7 billion are both in billions of dollars. 1987 accounted for an $8 billion surplus, while 1988 accounted for $4 billion.

What is meant by economic miracle?

Economic miracle is an informal economic term for a period of dramatic economic development that is entirely unexpected or unexpectedly strong.

What is the economic miracle of the 1950s?

The Wirtschaftswunder (German: [ˈvɪʁtʃaftsˌvʊndɐ] ( listen), “economic miracle”), also known as the Miracle on the Rhine, was the rapid reconstruction and development of the economies of Germany and Austria after World War II (adopting an ordoliberalism-based social market economy).

What has caused East Asia’s economic miracle?

Prior to the 1997 Asian financial crisis, the growth of the Four Asian Tiger economies (commonly referred to as “the Asian Miracle”) has been attributed to export oriented policies and strong development policies. Unique to these economies were the sustained rapid growth and high levels of equal income distribution.

What was the name of the post war French economic miracle?

the Wirtschaftswunder

Journalists dubbed it the Wirtschaftswunder or “Economic Miracle”. Industrial production doubled from 1950 to 1957, and gross national product grew at a rate of 9 or 10% per year, providing the engine for economic growth of all of Western Europe.

What was one leading cause of the post WWII economic boom?

Driven by growing consumer demand, as well as the continuing expansion of the military-industrial complex as the Cold War ramped up, the United States reached new heights of prosperity in the years after World War II.

How is France doing economically?

France is ranked 31st among 45 countries in the Europe region, and its overall score is below the regional average but above the world average. Over the past five years, France’s economic growth slowed from , turned negative in 2020, and rebounded in 2021.