Escape attempts from Elmira POW Camp (Civil War)

What made Elmira such an effective camp?

The Elmira Depot in Elmira, New York, was a great place for a military training camp because of the railroad junctions running in and out of the town. These railroads would be necessary for transporting prisoners to Elmira later in the war.

What was Elmira New York and Andersonville Georgia known for?

Long called by some the “Andersonville of the North,” the prisoner of war camp in Elmira, New York, is remembered as the most notorious of all Union-run POW camps.

How were Confederate soldiers treated at Elmira?


What was Elmira during the Civil War?

2 At the beginning of the Civil War, Elmira had been a military recruiting depot where soldiers attended basic training. Later in the war, Elmira was chosen as a draft rendezvous, and then it was turned into a prisoner of war camp.

What is true about Camp Douglas?

Camp Douglas. Founded in the fall of 1861 as a training camp and staging center for Union forces, Camp Douglas was named after Stephen A. Douglas, whose property south of the city provided its site. In 1862 the camp was hastily adapted to serve as a prison for rebel soldiers captured by Ulysses S.

How many died at Andersonville?

13,000 died

The largest and most famous of 150 military prisons of the Civil War, Camp Sumter, commonly known as Andersonville, was the deadliest landscape of the Civil War. Of the 45,000 Union soldiers imprisoned here, nearly 13,000 died.

What is the name of the town where General Robert E Lee surrendered?


The surrender at Appomattox took place a week later on April 9. While it was the most significant surrender to take place during the Civil War, Gen. Robert E. Lee, the Confederacy’s most respected commander, surrendered only his Army of Northern Virginia to Union Gen.

What did Andersonville prisoners eat?

Food rations were a small portion of raw corn or meat, which was often eaten uncooked because there was almost no wood for fires. The only water supply was a stream that first trickled through a Confederate army camp, then pooled to form a swamp inside the stockade.

Why did Sherman not destroy Savannah?

Pictures and historical descriptions of Sherman are not very flattering. Vanity just didn’t seem to enter into his persona, unlike that of General Hugh Kilpatrick of the Union. Secondly, it is alleged that Savannah was spared because the city was too beautiful to burn.

What was so bad about Andersonville?

It was overcrowded to four times its capacity, with an inadequate water supply, inadequate food and unsanitary conditions. Of the approximately 45,000 Union prisoners held at Camp Sumter during the war, nearly 13,000 died. The chief causes of death were scurvy, diarrhea and dysentery.

What happened to General Lee after Civil War?

Feature Lee After The War

He was unable to return to his estate in Arlington, Virginia, however, because it now sat in the middle of a national cemetery, overlooking the graves of thousands of union soldiers. Lee and his family instead moved to Lexington, Virginia, where he became the president of Washington College.

What were Grant’s terms of surrender?

The heart of the terms was that Confederates would be paroled after surrendering their weapons and other military property. If surrendered soldiers did not take up arms again, the United States government would not prosecute them. Grant also allowed Confederate officers to keep their mounts and side arms.

What happened to Confederate President Jefferson Davis after the end of the Civil War?

After Davis was captured in 1865, he was accused of treason and imprisoned at Fort Monroe in Hampton, Virginia. He was never tried and was released after two years. While not disgraced, Davis had been displaced in ex-Confederate affection after the war by his leading general, Robert E. Lee.

Did Jefferson Davis have slaves?

He graduated from West Point Military Academy in 1828. By 1836 Davis was a plantation owner, and in the 1840s he owned over 70 slaves.

Did Lincoln ever meet Jefferson Davis?

Lincoln Finally Meets With a Delegation Sent by Davis

But it did lead to a meeting between Lincoln and representatives sent by Davis in an attempt to find some common ground for negotiation.

Was William T Sherman a Confederate or Union?


William Tecumseh Sherman, (born February 8, 1820, Lancaster, Ohio, U.S.—died February 14, 1891, New York, New York), American Civil War general and a major architect of modern warfare. He led Union forces in crushing campaigns through the South, marching through Georgia and the Carolinas (1864–65).

What does make Georgia howl mean?

“Make Georgia Howl”

Sherman believed that the Confederacy derived its strength not from its fighting forces but from the material and moral support of sympathetic Southern whites.

Why was Robert E. Lee important in the Civil War?

Why is Robert E. Lee significant? Robert E. Lee commanded the Army of Northern Virginia, the most successful of the Southern armies during the American Civil War, and ultimately commanded all the Confederate armies. As the military leader of the defeated Confederacy, Lee became a symbol of the American South.

Was William Sherman a Mason?

Read the rest of the story here. There is actually no evidence General William Tecumseh Sherman was Freemason (his father, Charles Sherman, was a Mason, according to the Lancaster, Ohio Historical Society), but there was no shortage of brethren on both sides.

How does history remember William T Sherman?

William Tecumseh Sherman was a Union general during the Civil War, playing a crucial role in the victory over the Confederate States and becoming one of the most famous military leaders in U.S. history.

Did Sherman marry his sister?

The sixth child, William Tecumseh Sherman (known as “Cump” within the family), was adopted informally by his father’s friend and neighbor, Thomas Ewing (1789-1871), and grew up in the Ewing household. The Sherman-Ewing family bond became official when Sherman married his foster-sister Ellen Ewing in 1850.

Why did Sherman burn Atlanta?

Through October, Sherman built up a massive cache of supplies in Atlanta. He then ordered a systematic destruction of the city to prevent the Confederates from recovering anything once the Yankees had abandoned it.

What were Copperheads in the Civil War?

Copperhead, also called Peace Democrat, during the American Civil War, pejoratively, any citizen in the North who opposed the war policy and advocated restoration of the Union through a negotiated settlement with the South.

Did Sherman’s March to the Sea work?

The operation broke the back of the Confederacy and helped lead to its eventual surrender. Sherman’s decision to operate deep within enemy territory and without supply lines is considered to be one of the major campaigns of the war, and is taught by some historians as an early example of modern warfare or total war.

What happened at Kennesaw Mountain?

The Battle of Kennesaw Mountain was fought on June 27, 1864, during the Atlanta Campaign of the American Civil War. It was the most significant frontal assault launched by Union Maj. Gen.
Battle of Kennesaw Mountain.

Date June 27, 1864
Location Cobb County, Georgia
Result Confederate victory

How many people died at Kennesaw Mountain Battlefield?

However, as elsewhere, the rough terrain and intense Confederate fire combined to defeat the Union army. Within hours, the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain was over. Union casualties numbered some 3,000 men while the Confederates lost 1,000, making it one of the bloodiest single days in the campaign for Atlanta.

Why does Atlanta exist?

Atlanta was founded in 1837 as the end of the Western & Atlantic railroad line (it was first named Marthasville in honor of the then-governor’s daughter, nicknamed Terminus for its rail location, and then changed soon after to Atlanta, the feminine of Atlantic — as in the railroad).

How long did the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain last?

about four hours

The Battle of Kennesaw Mountain lasted about four hours. The Battle of Kennesaw Mountain was the last major frontal assault Union commander William T. Sherman ordered during the American Civil War.

Who won the Battle of Mobile Bay?

Union Admiral David Farragut

Battle of Mobile Bay, (5–23 August 1864), naval engagement of the American Civil War during which Union Admiral David Farragut succeeded in sealing off the port of Mobile, Alabama, from Confederate blockade runners.