Historicity of Agamemnon

What are characteristics of Agamemnon?

Despite Agamemnon’s prowess as a warrior, as a king he too often exhibits the characteristics of stubbornness, cowardice, and immaturity. As the reader carefully studies Agamemnon’s character, some growth in understanding can be seen in him particularly in Book IX when he sends the embassy to Achilles.

Is there evidence of Agamemnon?

A hero from Greek mythology, there are no historical records of a Mycenaean king of that name, but the city was a prosperous one in the Bronze Age, and there perhaps was a real, albeit much shorter, Greek-led attack on Troy.

What kind of person is Agamemnon?


Though he is a great warrior, he is not much of a king. He hurts his own family, makes many mistakes, ignores his commanders, and almost loses the Trojan War over his stubbornness. This lesson will focus on the role and character analysis of Agamemnon in Homer’s The Iliad.

What is the significance of Agamemnon?

Classical Mythology. a king of Mycenae, a son of Atreus and brother of Menelaus. He led the Greeks in the Trojan War and was murdered by Clytemnestra, his wife, upon his return from Troy.

How is Agamemnon prideful?

Agamemnon’s Pride Is the Fuel to the Fire

Agamemnon’s pride fuels his fight with Achilles. During the war, Agamemnon is forced to give up the Trojan woman Chryseis, which damages his pride. He says, ”Still I am willing to give her back, if such is the best way./ I myself desire that my people be safe, not perish.

What is the first significant development in Agamemnon?

The first significant violent development in the play is the theft of Helen and the Trojan War that followed; again and again, the Chorus declares that even the deaths following the conflict should be dropped at Helen’s door.

Is Agamemnon based on a true story?

As the historical sources – Herodotus and Eratosthenes – show, it was generally assumed to have been a real event. According to Homer’s Iliad, the conflict between the Greeks – led by Agamemnon, King of Mycenae – and the Trojans – whose king was Priam – took place in the Late Bronze Age, and lasted 10 years.

Is the funeral mask of Agamemnon?

The Mask of Agamemnon is a gold funeral mask discovered at the ancient Greek site of Mycenae.

Mask of Agamemnon
Created 1550–1500 BC
Discovered 1876 at Mycenae, Greece by Heinrich Schliemann
Present location National Archaeological Museum, Athens

Is the Mask of Agamemnon actually believed to be the famed Mycenaean king?

The mask was found still on its corpse in a shaft grave of Grave Circle A and was in fact one of five masks discovered, but due to its nobility and level of preservation Schliemann claimed it to be that of the famous king.

What is the dramatic message of Agamemnon?

One of the most prominent themes in Agamemnon is revenge. Agamemnon has killed Iphigenia, therefore Clytemnestra demands his life as payment. Aegisthus’ father was killed by Agamemnon’s father, therefore the son can avenge his father’s death by killing the son of his father’s killer.

What is the students opinion about Agamemnon?

Dear student, Taplow expresses that he dislikes the play ‘Agamemnon’. He is more interested in science. He admits that though the play is not that bad but the way it is taught is terrible- “Just a lot of Greek words strung together and fifty lines if you get them wrong”.

Where Agamemnon is hailed most powerful leader?

Menelaus succeeded Tyndareus in Sparta, while Agamemnon, with his brother’s assistance, drove out Aegisthus and Thyestes to recover his father’s kingdom. He extended his dominion by conquest and became the most powerful prince in Greece.

Was the Trojan Horse a real event?

At the center of it all was the Greek siege of Troy, and we all know how that ended — with a giant wooden horse and a bunch of gullible Trojans. Or did it? Actually, historians are pretty much unanimous: the Trojan Horse was just a myth, but Troy was certainly a real place.

Why was Artemis angry at Agamemnon?

Kalkhas announced that they would not be able to sail unless the most beautiful of Agamemnon’s daughters was offered as a sacrificial victim to Artemis; for the goddess was angry at Agamemnon because, after shooting a deer, he had boasted that ‘not even Artemis’ could have shot so well, and because Atreus [his father]

Was the Trojan horse?

The story of the Trojan Horse is well-known. First mentioned in the Odyssey, it describes how Greek soldiers were able to take the city of Troy after a fruitless ten-year siege by hiding in a giant horse supposedly left as an offering to the goddess Athena.

Where is the real Trojan Horse now?

It was made famous in Homer’s epic poem, the Iliad. According to Homer’s Iliad, this is where the legendary Trojan War took place. Today, Troy is an archaeological site which is popular with travellers from all over the world. In addition to it being a Turkish national park, it is on the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Is Helen of Troy a real person?

There are many conflicting elements to the mythology that surround the figure of Helen, some interpretations of the myth even suggest that she was abducted by Paris. But ultimately, there was no real Helen in Ancient Greece, she is purely a mythological character.

Why did the Trojans accept the wooden horse?

The Greeks, under the guidance of Odysseus, built a huge wooden horse — the horse was the symbol of the city of Troy — and left it at the gates of Troy. They then pretended to sail away. The Trojans believed the huge wooden horse was a peace offering to their gods and thus a symbol of their victory after a long siege.

Why is it called Trojan Horse?

Trojans take their name from the hollow wooden horse that the Greeks hid inside of during the Trojan War. The Trojans, thinking the horse was a gift, opened their walled city to accept it, allowing the Greeks to come out of hiding at night to attack the sleeping Trojans.

Who was Achilles in Troy?

Achilles, in Greek mythology, son of the mortal Peleus, king of the Myrmidons, and the Nereid, or sea nymph, Thetis. Achilles was the bravest, handsomest, and greatest warrior of the army of Agamemnon in the Trojan War.

Who Killed Achilles?

the Trojan prince Paris

How does Achilles die? Achilles is killed by an arrow, shot by the Trojan prince Paris. In most versions of the story, the god Apollo is said to have guided the arrow into his vulnerable spot, his heel. In one version of the myth Achilles is scaling the walls of Troy and about to sack the city when he is shot.

Who killed Paris of Troy?

In the war, Paris (Achilles’ killer) was fatally wounded by one of Hercules’ arrows. Ptolemy Hephaestion (Ptolemaeus Chennus) says Menelaus killed Paris.

Is Achilles Part god?

Achilles became invulnerable everywhere but at his heel where his mother held him. Because Achilles was a half-god, he was very strong and soon became a great warrior. However, he was also half human and wasn’t immortal like his mother. He would get old and die someday and he could also be killed.

Who killed Agamemnon?

Clytemnestra, in Greek legend, a daughter of Leda and Tyndareus and wife of Agamemnon, commander of the Greek forces in the Trojan War. She took Aegisthus as her lover while Agamemnon was away at war. Upon his return, Clytemnestra and Aegisthus murdered Agamemnon.

Is Clytemnestra Helen’s sister?

Clytemnestra (/ˌklaɪtəmˈnɛstrə/; Greek: Κλυταιμνήστρα, Klytaimnḗstrā, [klytai̯mnɛ̌ːstraː]), in Greek mythology, was the wife of Agamemnon, king of Mycenae, and the sister of Helen of Troy.

Was Achilles A myrmidon?

In Homer’s Iliad, the Myrmidons are the soldiers commanded by Achilles. Their eponymous ancestor was Myrmidon, a king of Phthiotis who was a son of Zeus and “wide-ruling” Eurymedousa, a princess of Phthiotis.

Type Nation
Leader Achilles

What was Achilles real name?

Ligyron, his original name. Nereius, from his mother Thetis, one of the Nereids. Pelides, from his father, Peleus. Phthius, from his birthplace, Phthia.

Did Achilles have a child?

Neoptolemus, in Greek legend, the son of Achilles, the hero of the Greek army at Troy, and of Deïdamia, daughter of King Lycomedes of Scyros; he was sometimes called Pyrrhus, meaning “Red-haired.” In the last year of the Trojan War the Greek hero Odysseus brought him to Troy after the Trojan seer Helenus had declared …

Is Hector Real?

Hector was a prince of Troy in Greek mythology, son of King Priam and Queen Hecuba. His wife was Andromache and they had a son, Scamandrius or Astyanax. Hector was considered the greatest warrior of Troy, but he did not approve of the war that had started between the Greeks and the Trojans.

How did Paris know about Achilles heel?

Paris, who was not a brave warrior, ambushed Achilles as he entered Troy. He shot his unsuspecting enemy with an arrow, which Apollo guided to the one place he knew Achilles was vulnerable: his heel, where his mother’s hand had kept the waters of the Styx from touching his skin.

Did Hector and Achilles really fight?

As the Greeks stormed the Trojan castle, Hector came out to meet Achilles in single combat—wearing the fateful armor of Achilles taken off the body of Patroclus. Achilles aimed and shot his spear into a small gap in the neck area of that armor, killing Hector.

What was Achilles true weakness?

Achilles’ only weakness was his heel. According to legend, his mother had taken him to the River Styx, which was supposed to offer powers of invincibility, and dipped his body into the water. Because she held him by the heel, it was not washed over by the water of the magical river (see Figure 1).