How dependent was Nazi Germany on iron ore from Sweden?

Where did Nazi Germany get its iron ore?

Swedish iron ore was an important economic and military factor in the European theatre of World War II, as Sweden was the main contributor of iron ore to Nazi Germany.

What percentage of German iron came from Sweden?

With 50 percent of Germany’s iron-ore imports coming from Sweden, iron-ore was of major importance to Germany, especially for the German military’s attempts at rebuilding its war arsenal.

Why do you think Germany needed iron ore from Sweden?

This matters for the following reasons: You can’t build good tanks, ships etc with low quality iron ore. Without Sweden’s high quality iron ore Germany’s own iron ore was of limited use. Mixing the iron ore’s also made the steel making more efficient.

Did Sweden help Germany in WW2?

Humanitarian effort

Sweden allowed Germans to pass freely to other countries, and sold iron ore that became vital to the Nazi campaign of war.

Did Sweden sell iron to Germany in ww2?

Sweden ceased exports of iron ore to Germany in November 1944. Germany imported a bit more than half its iron ore before ww2, with a domestic production of roughly 10 million tons and and imports of 12 million tons, of which 9 million tons were Swedish (in 1939).

Why did Germany invade Norway but not Sweden?

Denmark was invaded as a stepping stone towards Norway, as the Germans needed the airfield at Aalborg in northern Denmark to support their forces in southern Norway. With Norway in German hands, the Allies could not invade Sweden, so no plans were made for invading Sweden at the same time as Norway and Denmark.

Where does Germany get its steel from?

Imports by Top Source

Belgium accounted for the largest share of Germany’s imports by source country at 18 percent (4.8 mmt), followed by Italy at 14 percent (3.8 mmt), France at 13 percent (3.6 mmt), the Netherlands at 12 percent (3.2 mmt), and Austria at 9 percent (2.5 mmt).

Does Norway have iron ore?

Norway’s mine production of iron ore reached 1,800 thousand metric tons in 2020. This figure represents an increase of 15 percent in comparison to the previous year. Iron ore is an important source for primary iron material.

Did Norway surrender to Germany?

On April 9, 1940, Germany invaded Norway. Germany sought to secure naval bases for use against the British fleet in the North Sea and to guarantee vital iron-ore shipments from neutral Sweden. Despite British attempts to help, Norway surrendered to Germany on June 10.

Why was Sweden never invaded?

Sweden was a vital source of iron ores to Germany, an important strategic resource for her war effort. Because the allies controlled the seas, Scandinavia was Germany’s main source of good quality iron. Attacking Sweden would have disrupted the supply for no real gain.

Why was Switzerland not invaded in ww2?

During World War I and World War II, Switzerland maintained armed neutrality, and was not invaded by its neighbors, in part because of its topography, much of which is mountainous.

Has Sweden ever fought in a war?

Since a short war against Norway in 1814 in conjunction with the creation of the union, Sweden has not been involved in any war. Since World War I, Sweden has pursued a policy of non-alignment in peacetime and neutrality in wartime, basing its security on a strong national defense.

Where did Germany get steel during WW2?

Hitler’s priority before the war was building up the size of Germany’s army, navy and air force, and that required large amounts of iron and steel. Between 1935 and the start of the war in 1939, the Bell Island mines shipped almost three million tons of iron ore to Germany.

Is Germany resource poor?

For Germany, the shrinkage of resources is a political problem of the utmost importance, since the country is poor in mineral resources and has to acquire petroleum and other necessary raw materials abroad[1].

What is Germany’s biggest natural resources?

Germany has some of the largest coal reserves in the world, and it leads the world in the production of lignite. Germany’s coal reserves are estimated to be close to 5% of the world’s total.

Who has the most natural resources in Europe?

Norway has significant oil deposits, and is the world’s second-largest exporter of natural gas. The Netherlands and the United Kingdom are Europe’s other major producers of natural gas. The United Kingdom’s offshore facilities in the North Sea are Europe’s second-largest producer of oil.

Is Germany rich in iron?

It is one of the largest sectors in the country, covering the steel and iron, non-ferrous metal, and foundry industries. About 43 million tons of raw steel is produced annually in Germany, making the country the largest steel producer, consumer, importer, and exporter in Europe.

What is the main export of Germany?

motor vehicles

The main German export product: motor vehicles
Accounting for 15.3% motor vehicles and parts thereof of exports, was Germany’s main export product in 2021. Machinery (14.2%) and chemical products (10.0%) ranked second and third, respectively, among the most important export items.

How did Germany become so rich?

Germany is one of the largest exporters globally with $1810.93 billion worth of goods and services exported in 2019. The service sector contributes around 70% of the total GDP, industry 29.1%, and agriculture 0.9%. Exports accounted for 41% of national output.

Is Germany richer than UK?

Right now, Germany is by far the biggest, with a GDP of $3.6 trillion. France stands at $2.7 trillion, the UK at $2.2 trillion, Italy at $2.1 trillion.

Why is German economy so strong?

The German economy has its great innovativeness and strong focus on exports to thank for its competitiveness and global networking. In high-selling sectors, such as car-making, mechanical and plant engineering, the chemicals industry and medical technology, exports account for well over half of total sales.

Who is powerful Russia or Germany?

Most Powerful Countries 2022

Power Rank Country GDP per Capita
1 United States $65,280
2 China $10,217
3 Russia $11,498
4 Germany $46,468

Is Germany’s economy better than the US?

In 2017, Germany’s GDP growth rate was 2.4% better than it had been in the previous year. Germany’s GDP per capita was $46,, better than the 2016 average of $45,923. It’s lower than the $53,129 enjoyed in the United States and less than the European Union overall at $36,593.

What are Germany’s weaknesses?


  • Declining working population from 2020 onwards, despite immigration.
  • Low bank profitability.
  • Strong dependence on international energy imports (e.g. 39% of all German gas imports come from Russia)
  • Prominence of the automotive and mechanical industries, particularly in exports (30% of total exports in 2020)

What strengths does Germany have?

Here are the Strengths which Germany has at present:

  • Strong Economy. Germany is known for its strong economy, which draws from all four sectors: primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary. …
  • Political Stability. …
  • Good Infrastructure. …
  • Competent Workforce. …
  • Positive Reputation. …
  • High Labor Costs. …
  • Europe’s Leader. …
  • Renewable Energy.

Is Germany’s economy failing?

BERLIN, Jan 14 (Reuters) – The German economy failed to return to its pre-pandemic size in 2021 as microchip shortages hit production in the car industry and further COVID-19 restrictions slowed down the recovery of Europe’s largest economy in the final months of the year.

What human rights are being violated in Germany?

a. Freedom of Expression, Including for the Press. Internet Freedom. Academic Freedom and Cultural Events.

  • Women.
  • National/Racial/Ethnic Minorities.
  • Acts of Violence, Discrimination, and Other Abuses Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity.
  • HIV and AIDS Social Stigma.
  • Other Societal Violence or Discrimination.

Is there inequality in Germany?

Despite its wealth, Germany is facing entrenched poverty and increasing inequalities. The top 1% of earners receive nearly as much as the bottom 50% and over 20% of employees earn less than two thirds of the median income.

What social problems does Germany have?

Racism, antisemitism, and Islamophobia, including violent hate crimes, remained a concern. According to government data, in the first half of 2020, 9,305 “far-right politically motivated crimes” were reported, 390 of which involved violence, compared to 8,605 during the same period in 2019.

Does Germany care about human rights?

Human rights in Germany enjoy a high level of protection, both in theory and in practice, and are enshrined in the Grundgesetz. The country has ratified most international human rights treaties.

Does Germany have free speech?

The Federal Republic of Germany guarantees freedom of speech, expression, and opinion to its citizens as per Article 5 of the constitution.

What human rights were abused in WWII?

Discrimination motivated many of the Nazi’s human rights breaches. The Nazi’s anti-Semitic Nuremberg laws limited what jobs could be done by Jews, as well as their rights of citizenship. Jewish people’s movement was restricted and they were forced to wear a yellow star on their clothes.