How did the First French Empire and allies differ from the other European monarchies at that time?

What does Second Empire mean how big was the Second French Empire?

The Second French Empire (French: Second Empire; officially the French Empire, French: Empire français), was the 18-year Imperial Bonapartist regime of Napoleon III from 14 January 1852 to 27 October 1870, between the Second and the Third Republic, in France.

Was the first French empire a monarchy?

Emperor of the French (French: Empereur des Français) was the title of the monarch of the First and the Second French Empires.

Emperor of the French
First monarch Napoleon I
Last monarch Napoleon III
Formation 18 May 1804 2 December 1852
Abolition 22 June 1815 4 September 1870

How big was the French empire at its peak?

13,000,000 square kilometres

In terms of land area, the empire extended to over 13,000,000 square kilometres (5,000,000 sq mi) at its peak, towards the beginning of the 20th century.

How powerful was the French empire?

At its height in 1812, the French Empire had 130 departments and a population of 44 million people, it ruled over 90 million subjects, maintained an extensive military presence in Germany, Italy, Spain, and Poland, and counted Austria and Prussia as nominal allies.

Which answer best describes how the Second Empire became the third republic?

Which answer best describes how the second empire became the third republic? Napoleon lll was captured and republicans declared an end to the second empire. coalitions of governing political parties fell apart.

What event ended France’s Second Empire?

the Franco-Prussian War

The proximate cause of the demise of the Second Empire was France’s defeat at the hands of Prussia in the Franco-Prussian War. After Prussia occupied Paris, Napoleon III fled, and Prussia set up an unstable republican government based on universal manhood suffrage and multiparty parliamentarianism.

What Second Empire means?

Second Empire, (1852–70) period in France under the rule of Emperor Napoleon III (the original empire having been that of Napoleon I). In its early years (1852–59), the empire was authoritarian but enjoyed economic growth and pursued a favourable foreign policy.

How was the Second Empire in France created in 1852 quizlet?

The Franco-Prussian war resulted in Napoleon’s capture and the collapse of the Second French Empire. Louis Napoleon became Napoleon III, Emperor of the French by a plebiscite in 1852. The Second Republic became the Second Empire.

How large was the first French empire?

First French Empire

French Empire Empire Français
• Hundred Days 20 March – 7 July 1815
1812 2,100,000 km2 (810,000 sq mi)

What was the second French colonial empire?

A distinction is generally made between the “First French Colonial Empire”, that existed until 1814, by which time most of it had been lost or sold, and the “Second French Colonial Empire”, which began with the conquest of Algiers in 1830.

How did the French monarchy start?

France originated as West Francia (Francia Occidentalis), the western half of the Carolingian Empire, with the Treaty of Verdun (843). A branch of the Carolingian dynasty continued to rule until 987, when Hugh Capet was elected king and founded the Capetian dynasty.

What happened to the French empire?

The French colonial empire began to fall apart during the Second World War, when various parts of their empire were occupied by foreign powers (Japan in Indochina, Britain in Syria and Lebanon, the US and Britain in Morocco and Algeria, Germany in Tunisia).

How did the Second French Empire fall?

The fall of the Second Empire was officially declared on 4 September 1870, a Republic was proclaimed and a provisional government put in place while France was still at war with Germany. The siege of Paris began on 19 September and the capital finally fell a hundred days later on 28 January 1871.

How long did the first French empire last?

It lasted from 18 May 1804 to 11 April 1814 and again briefly from 20 March 1815 to 7 July 1815. Although France had already established a colonial empire overseas since the early 17th century, the French state had remained a kingdom under the Bourbons and a republic after the French Revolution.

Why did the French Empire colonize?

Motivations for colonization: The French colonized North America to create trading posts for the fur trade. Some French missionaries eventually made their way to North America in order to convert Native Americans to Catholicism.

When did France become an empire?


In 1804, the Constitution of the Year XII established the First French Empire with Napoleon Bonaparte I, Emperor of the French.

Who ruled France in 1860?

Napoleon III

Napoleon III was the nephew of Napoleon I. He was president of the Second Republic of France from 1850 to 1852 and the emperor of France from 1852 to 1870. He gave his country two decades of prosperity under an authoritarian government but finally led it to defeat in the Franco-German War.

Why did the Third French Empire fall?

The government fell less than a year after the outbreak of World War II, when Nazi forces occupied much of France, and was replaced by the rival governments of Charles de Gaulle’s Free France (La France libre) and Philippe Pétain’s French State (L’État français).

When did France lose its colonies?

The Treaty of Paris of 1763 ended the French and Indian War/Seven Years’ War between Great Britain and France, as well as their respective allies. In the terms of the treaty, France gave up all its territories in mainland North America, effectively ending any foreign military threat to the British colonies there.

What did the French empire do?

France’s empire expanded most rapidly, alongside that of other colonial powers, in the 1880s and 1890s, with the internationally sanctioned occupation and, where necessary, armed conquest, of vast territories in West and Central Africa, Madagascar, and Southeast Asia, along with divers islands and archipelagos in the …

How did Napoleon III try to create a liberal empire in the 1860s?

After 1860, Napoleon III began to govern more openly; this is the period known as the “liberal Empire”. The Legislature was allowed to propose new laws, or ask the government to justify its policy choices, and minutes of such discussions even appeared in newspapers.

Was Napoleon 3 Liberal or conservative?

Always sensitive to public opinion, he progressively liberalized his government. He gave the Assembly greater power and opposition candidates greater freedom which they used to good advantage. IN the 1869 elections, the opposition, mostly republicans, monarchists, and liberals, polled almost 45 per cent of the vote.

What did Napoleon do for France?

What did Napoleon accomplish? Napoleon served as first consul of France from 1799 to 1804. In that time, Napoleon reformed the French educational system, developed a civil code (the Napoleonic Code), and negotiated the Concordat of 1801. He also initiated the Napoleonic Wars (c.

What did Napoleon III do for France?

He expanded and consolidated the railway system throughout the nation and modernized the banking system. Napoleon III promoted the building of the Suez Canal and established modern agriculture, which ended famines in France and made the country an agricultural exporter.

How did Louis Napoleon become the emperor of France?

After a turbulent youth and several attempts to seize power during the July Monarchy, he was elected President of the French Second Republic in 1848. He turned his presidency into an imperial title thanks to a Coup on 2 December 1851, proclaiming himself Napoleon III, Emperor of the French.

How was the revolution in France in 1848 similar to and different from the revolutions of the 1830s?

How did the French revolutions of 1830 and 1848 differ? The revolution of 1830 resulted in a constitutional monarchy and the revolution of 1848 resulted in a republic with suffrage.

Why did Napoleon’s reign make European leaders eager to restore the monarchies quizlet?

Why did Napoleon’s reign make European leaders eager to restore the monarchies? Leaders believed the monarchs could help prevent any one ruler from taking too much power. Leaders thought that another powerful ruler like Napoleon might emerge from the monarchs.

What was a main difference between French conservatives and liberals following the Congress?

What was a main difference between French conservatives and liberals following the Congress of Vienna? The liberals believed in absolute monarchs. The liberals did not want an elected parliament. The liberals believed in personal freedom.

Why did the French initially call Louis Philippe the Citizen King?

The July Monarchy is marked by the triumph of the wealthy bourgeoisie, a return to Napoleonic influence and colonial expansion. Louis-Philippe is known as the “citizen king” because of his bourgeois manners and clothes, but his reign proves differently.

How did the American revolution influence the French revolution?

Americans’ Victory Encouraged the French

The French people saw that a revolt could be successful—even against a major military power–and that lasting change was possible. Many experts argue that this gave them the motivation to rebel.

How did the American and French Revolution differ?

The American Revolution was mainly a political revolution while the French revolution was a mix of political, social, and an economic revolution. This is the chief difference between the American and French Revolutions.

What were the differences between the French and American Revolution?

The French revolutionaries were protesting a foreign colonial government, while the American revolutionaries were fighting against their own government. The American Revolution was a violent military conflict, while the French Revolution was an intellectual and political debate led by Enlightenment thinkers.