How effective were longbow archers against plate-armored infantry?

In this case, the longbowmen excelled, but at an effective range of about 220 – 300 yards, a horse in full gallop could cross that in under a minute giving the archer about a dozen shots before the enemy was upon them.

How effective were archers in medieval times?

A trained archer could fire 10 arrows in a minute, and they could lay down fire for 3-5 minutes depending on how many arrows each person was stocked with. All soldiers aren’t wearing plate mail; so arrows would be effective on lightly armored opponents, like the typical infantry and enemy archers/crossbows.

How would the longbow have been used to be effective in battle?

Archers could thin out the ranks of the enemy army, or kill the horses that were essential to the enemy’s cavalry charge. Handily, longbows could be used on uneven terrain, and (unlike the more unwieldly halberds) to hunt game to feed the army, too.

Did archers wear plate armor?

brigandine (plate armour) was used by archers but knights was more shock troops than skirmishers. It was probably a matter of expense for the most part.

What were the 2 advantages of the longbow?

A longbow has practical advantages compared with a modern recurve or compound bow; it is usually lighter, quicker to prepare for shooting, and shoots more quietly.

Did knights train with bows?

Outside their role as shock cavalry, or heavy infantry, knights would readily use bows. Archery is even listed among the knightly virtues in some sources.

Why was the longbow better than the crossbow?

In fact, during field-battles the longbow had a clear advantage over its counterpart. Not only could a longbow fire further than a crossbow – at least until the latter half of the 14th century – but a longbowman’s average rate of fire was significantly greater than that of a crossbowman.

How effective is a longbow?

A six-foot bow made of yew wood, the English longbow had a draw weight of between 80 and 150 pounds, an effective range of up to 350 yards. The heavy war arrows used were able to penetrate all but the very best steel plate armor of the medieval period.

How accurate were the medieval longbows?

Accuracy. For its day the longbow possessed both long range and accuracy, though seldom both at once. Scholars estimate the longbow’s range at between 180 to 270 yards. It is unlikely however, that accuracy could be ensured beyond 75-80 yards.

How powerful is a longbow?

The best longbows were made of yew, might have required a force of as much as 150 to 180 pounds (70 to 80 kg) to draw, and shot arrows a cloth yard (about 37 inches, or 94 cm) long, with an effective range of some 450 to 1,000 feet (140 to 300 metres) depending on the weight of the arrow.

Why did Pope Innocent II ban the use of crossbows?

29 of the Second Lateran Council under Pope Innocent II in 1139 banned the use of crossbows, as well as slings and bows, against Christians.” This ban was presumably issued for ethical reasons (e.g. to protect the lives of Christians) as oppossed to strategic reasons (e.g. keeping weapons out of the hands of hostile

Were medieval crossbows more powerful?

Medieval crossbows, even those with hundreds of pounds of draw weight, only shot bolts at around 140 feet per second, which is not much faster than the longbows of the time. Their strength, as it is today, was their incredible potential for accuracy, which far surpassed that of longbows.

Can crossbows pierce plate armor?

Now through the plate and the padding. I think you'd be fine same bolt with the heavy crossbow. And i don't think i have to take that many more shots against this armor. It's pretty obvious that it.

Can longbows pierce plate armor?

Well, first of all a real longbow can penetrate steel armor, as long as the arrowhead is made of forged, hardened steel. Real longbows were made of yew and were really big, like taller than a man. They were very expensive and took special training of many years to use properly.

Why did the longbow fall out of use?

Longbows remained in use until around the 16th century, when advances in firearms made gunpowder weapons a significant factor in warfare and such units as arquebusiers and grenadiers began appearing.

Can arrows penetrate plate armor?

Computer analysis by Warsaw University of Technology in 2017 demonstrated that heavy bodkin-point arrows could penetrate typical plate armour of the time at 225 metres (738 ft).

How far did a longbow shoot?

The best longbows were made of yew, might have required a force of as much as 150 to 180 pounds (70 to 80 kg) to draw, and shot arrows a cloth yard (about 37 inches, or 94 cm) long, with an effective range of some 450 to 1,000 feet (140 to 300 metres) depending on the weight of the arrow.

How many arrows were shot at Agincourt?

In one movement, the archers spread their shoulders to open the bow to full extent and together unleashed, in a sudden, fourfold cloudburst of volleys, nearly 6,000 arrows.

Can you pierce plate armor?

No, it couldn’t. A person doesn’t have the strength to do that, even if the sword could (which it couldn’t, unless the plate armor was really weak). Even early guns at close range won’t pierce quality plate armor, though obviously it would dent it.

Can a sword cut through plate armor?

The edges can still be used against more lightly-armored opponents: no matter how effective a sword is against forms of armor such as brigandine and mail, no sword, no matter how sharp, can cut directly through plate armor.

Can a sword slice through armor?

Short answer – No, you can’t cut through plate armor. Longer answer – Swords, that is bladed weapons of medium length with a weight of about 2-4 lb’s can’t cut through plate.

Can a dagger penetrate plate armor?

Rondel daggers were ideal in battle for puncturing chain mail, and although they would not have been able to punch through plate armour, they could be forced between the joints in a suit of armour and helmets. Puncturing was often the only way in which a heavily armoured knight could be killed.

What is a SEAX knife?

The Viking seax is a very large fighting knife which most warriors would have carried. Seax is a short sword that was used primarily during the early part of the Viking era. It’s a one handed single edged weapon. Hilts were made of wood, bone, or horn.

What were stilettos used for?

Originally designed as a purely offensive weapon, the stiletto was used to finish off a fallen or severely wounded heavily armored opponent.

Did knights use daggers?

Knights’ Favourite Weapon *The Sword

Medieval Knights Loved their swords, it was the medieval Knights’ most treasured weapon. Other weapons used by medieval knights were the Dagger, Mace, Flail, Pollaxe, Battleaxe, and Lance.

How were the knights the most powerful weapon in medieval warfare?

Trained since childhood and practised at tournaments, the skilled knight could inflict fatal injuries on even an armoured opponent. The sword, symbol of the chivalric code and his noble status, was above all the knight’s most important weapon.

How did knights keep their combat skills sharp when they were not in battle?

When not fighting for real, knights were expected to keep their skills sharp by performing at tournaments where they participated in mock cavalry battles, jousted on horseback, and fought on foot in one-on-one fights.

What code did all knights go by?

the Code of Chivalry

The Arthurian legend revolves around the Code of Chivalry which was adhered to by the Knights of the Round Table – Honour, Honesty, Valour and Loyalty.

What happens if a knight broke the Code of Chivalry?

Knights who did not obey the code of conduct faced public humiliation, especially those who behaved cowardly in battle. If found guilty of not following the code, his shield was cracked in two, his sword was cracked over his head, and he was put into a coffin and dragged to the church, where a mock funeral was held.

Is chivalry still alive today?

Chivalry is as dead as the eighth-century knight Count Roland, whose personal conduct became one model for chivalric codes in the Late Middle Ages. And although chivalry disappeared hundreds of years ago, people can’t seem to stop talking about it.

What are the 7 knightly virtues?

7 Knightly Virtues

  • Courage. More than bravado or bluster, a knight must have the courage of the heart necessary to undertake tasks which are difficult, tedious or unglamorous, and to graciously accept the sacrifices involved.
  • Justice. …
  • Mercy. …
  • Generosity. …
  • Faith. …
  • Nobility. …
  • Hope.

What do you call a female knight?

The proper term for a female knight is “Dame.” Some people may think that the only way to earn such a title is through marriage, but a woman may earn the title of “Dame” in her own right, whether she is married or not.

What were knights not allowed to do?

Knights were also warned against plundering and stealing from the poor, even “at the perfidious instigation” of a local lord. Kaeuper cite’s Alan of Lille’s declaration that knights achieved the “highest degree of villainy” by supporting themselves by looting from impoverished people.