How is it known that Xenophon saw the ruins of Nineveh?

Xenophon’s actual description of the place (which you have quoted) does not contain anything that compels us to identify it with Nineveh. Best current research places Nineveh across the river from ancient Mosul, and within the city boundaries of modern Mosul.

When was Nineveh discovered?

Excavations at Nineveh

The city, uncovered by Sir Henry Layard, was excavated by British archaeologists between 1842 and 1932. Foreign missions excavated the city from time to time in the second half of the 20th century.

When was Nineveh destroyed?

612 BCE

Nineveh is mentioned in the Bible, most notably in The Book of Jonah, where it is associated with sin and vice. The city was destroyed in 612 BCE by a coalition led by Babylonians and Medes which toppled the Assyrian Empire.

Where is Nineveh located today?

northern Iraq

Nineveh was the capital of the powerful ancient Assyrian empire, located in modern-day northern Iraq.

Who were the Nineveh people?

Nineveh was the flourishing capital of the Assyrian Empire and was the home of King Sennacherib, King of Assyria, during the Biblical reign of King Hezekiah (יְחִזְקִיָּהוּ) and the lifetime of Judean prophet Isaiah (ישעיה).

How was Nineveh found?

Excited by these finds, the British government, through the British Museum, took over as sponsor and in 1847 Layard moved to the mound of Kuyunjik, across the river Tigris in front of Mosul. It was there that he finally unearthed the fabled city of Nineveh. Frederick Charles Cooper.

When did Archaeologists find Nineveh?

In 1847 the young British adventurer Austen Henry Layard explored the ruins of Nineveh and rediscovered the lost palace of Sennacherib across the Tigris River from modern Mosul in northern Iraq.

Why was the city of Nineveh destroyed?

The major factor in the city’s downfall was the Medes. The Assyrian King Sin-shar-ishkun was killed in the siege. His brother Ashur-uballit II was made King of Assyria. He refused to submit, however, and successfully fought his way out of Nineveh, founding a final capital at Harran.

Who prophesied the fall of Nineveh?


The subject of Nahum’s prophecy is the approaching complete and final destruction of Nineveh, the capital of the great and at that time flourishing Assyrian empire.

What was happening in Nineveh?

Battle of Nineveh, (612 bce). Determined to end Assyrian dominance in Mesopotamia, Babylonia led an alliance in an attack against the Assyrian capital, Nineveh. The city was comprehensively sacked after a three-month siege, and Assyrian King Sinsharushkin was killed.

What is Tarshish called today?


The Jewish-Portuguese scholar, politician, statesman and financier Isaac Abarbanel (1437–1508 A.D.) described Tarshish as “the city known in earlier times as Carthage and today called Tunis.” One possible identification for many centuries preceding the French scholar Bochart (d.

What happened to Jonah after the Book of Jonah?

After being cast from the ship, Jonah is swallowed by a large fish, within the belly of which he remains for three days and three nights. While in the great fish, Jonah prays to God in his affliction and commits to giving thanks and to paying what he has vowed. God then commands the fish to vomit Jonah out.

What is the meaning of Nineveh?

Nineveh. / (ˈnɪnɪvə) / noun. the ancient capital of Assyria, on the River Tigris opposite the present-day city of Mosul (N Iraq): at its height in the 8th and 7th centuries bc; destroyed in 612 bc by the Medes and Babylonians.

What God did Nineveh worship?


The historic Nineveh is mentioned about 1800 BC as a centre of worship of Ishtar, whose cult was responsible for the city’s early importance.

Who built the city of Nineveh?


It was Sennacherib who made Nineveh a truly magnificent city (c. 700 bce). He laid out fresh streets and squares and built within it the famous “palace without a rival,” the plan of which has been mostly recovered and has overall dimensions of about 600 by 630 feet (180 by 190 metres).

How many days did it take Jonah to get to Nineveh?

three days

Verse 3. So Jonah arose, and went unto Nineveh, according to the word of the Lord. Now Nineveh was an exceeding great city of three days‘ journey. “Of three days’ journey”: that is 60 miles in circumference.

What size was Nineveh?

The city of Nineveh has recently undergone extensive development to become the new capital of the mighty Assyrian empire. It is now a vast metropolis surrounded by massive walls some 12 kilometres in length that encompass an area of 750 hectares (7.5km2) in size.

Who was king of Nineveh during Jonah?

Sennacherib, Akkadian Sin-akhkheeriba, (died January 681 bce, Nineveh [now in Iraq]), king of Assyria (705/704–681 bce), son of Sargon II. He made Nineveh his capital, building a new palace, extending and beautifying the city, and erecting inner and outer city walls that still stand.

Who killed the Assyrians?

The Judahic version naturally cast the sparing of Jerusalem in a different light, as a proactive deed of the deity: Yahweh sent an angel who struck down 185,000 Assyrians in a single night, and Sennacherib fled (2 Kings 19:35-37. Isaiah 37:33-37. 2 Chronicles 32:21).

What did the Assyrians do to the Jews?

Background. In 720 BCE, the Assyrian army captured Samaria, the capital of the northern Kingdom of Israel, and carried away many Israelites into captivity. The virtual destruction of Israel left the southern kingdom, Judah, to fend for itself among warring Near-Eastern kingdoms.

How did the Assyrian genocide start?

Ottoman forces and Kurds attacked the Assyrian tribes of Hakkari in mid-1915, driving them out by September. Governor Mehmed Reshid initiated a genocide of all of the Christian communities in Diyarbekir vilayet, including Syriac Christians.

What language do Assyrians speak?

The official language of the three main Assyrian churches is Syriac, a dialect of Aramaic, the language Jesus would have spoken. Many Assyrians speak Aramaic dialects, though they often speak the local languages of the regions where they live as well.

What race is Assyrian?

Assyrians (ܣܘܪ̈ܝܐ, Sūrāyē/Sūrōyē) are an ethnic group indigenous to Assyria, a region located in the Middle East. Some Assyrians self-identify as Syriacs, Chaldeans, or Arameans. They are speakers of the Neo-Aramaic branch of Semitic languages as well as the primary languages in their countries of residence.

Are Assyrians Catholic?

Assyrians of today belong to three major churches: the Holy Apostolic Catholic Assyrian Church of the East (“Nestorian”), The Assyrian Orthodox Church (“Jacobite”) and the Chaldean Church of Babylon (“Chaldeans”, who are Roman catholic uniates).

Is Aramaic the same as Assyrian?

Local unwritten Aramaic dialects emerged from Imperial Aramaic in Assyria. In around 700 BC, Aramaic slowly started to replace Akkadian in Assyria, Babylonia and the Levant. Widespread bilingualism among Assyrian nationals was already present prior to the fall of the empire.

How do you say God in Aramaic?

The Aramaic word for God is alôh-ô ( Syriac dialect) or elâhâ (Biblical dialect), which comes from the same Proto- Semitic word (*ʾilâh-) as the Arabic and Hebrew terms; Jesus is described in Mark 15:34 as having used the word on the cross, with the ending meaning “my”, when saying, “My God, my God, why hast thou …

What is the oldest language in the world?

World’s oldest language is Sanskrit. The Sanskrit language is called Devbhasha. All European languages ​​seem inspired by Sanskrit. All the universities and educational institutions spread across the world consider Sanskrit as the most ancient language.

How do you say God in Assyrian?

Similarly, the Aramaic word for “God” in the language of Assyrian Christians is ʼĔlāhā, or Alaha.

Do Christians and Muslims worship the same God?

And yet, despite the manifest differences in how they practise their religions, Jews, Christians and Muslims all worship the same God. The founder of Islam, Muhammad, saw himself as the last in a line of prophets that reached back through Jesus to Moses, beyond him to Abraham and as far back as Noah.

Is Allah mentioned in the Bible?

Allah and the god of the Bible

Arabic-speaking Christians call God Allah, and Gideon bibles, quoting John 3:16 in different languages, assert that Allah sent his son into the world. Addressing Christians and Jews, the Qur’an declares, “Our god and your god are one” (29:46).