How many suicide attack (kamikaze) pilots died and how many of them successfully hit ships during World War II?

According to a U.S. Air Force webpage: Approximately 2,800 Kamikaze attackers sank 34 Navy ships, damaged 368 others, killed 4,900 sailors, and wounded over 4,800.

What was the death rate for kamikaze pilots?

Approximately 2,800 kamikaze pilots died during the war, according to US estimates. They managed to hit targets around 14% of the time, sinking 34 Navy ships and damaging 368 others. They killed around 4,900 sailors and injured 4,800. These facts about kamikaze pilots are only part of the story, however.

What percentage of kamikaze pilots survived?

Only 10% of missions were believed to be successful but they sank some 50 Allied vessels. Decades after the war, opinions on the kamikaze pilots remain divided, partly because their legacy has been used repeatedly as a political tool.

Did any kamikaze pilots survive?

Unlikely as it may seem, a number of Japanese kamikaze pilots did survive the war. All had been instructed to return to base if their planes developed a fault on the way to their targets.

How many kamikaze attacks were there in World War II?

During World War II, nearly 3,000 kamikaze pilots were sacrificed. About 14% of kamikaze attacks managed to hit a ship.

What did kamikaze pilots drink before crashing?

The pilots performed a special ceremony of drinking sake and eating rice before flying. They were also given medals and a Katana sword during these cerremonies. The pilots also carried beloved possessions to be treasured upon death. Collage of images: NH 73094-95: Japanese Kamikaze Pilots.

How many died in kamikaze attacks?

In these kamikaze attacks, more than 3,000 Japanese pilots were killed, and there were more than 7,000 casualties among American, Australian, and British personell. However, the tide of war was not turned. Japan lost the Battle of Leyte Gulf, and later the war.

How many kamikaze attacks were successful?

About 19% of kamikaze attacks were successful. The Japanese considered the goal of damaging or sinking large numbers of Allied ships to be a just reason for suicide attacks; kamikaze was more accurate than conventional attacks and often caused more damage.

Why were the Japanese so suicidal in ww2?

Another survivor, Kinjo Shigeaki, who took 20 years to speak about his experience, identified three factors that created this mentality: “The ideology of obedience to the Emperor, the presence of the Imperial Japanese Army, and being on an island…with no way to escape.”

Did kamikaze pilots ever return?

The Kamikaze pilots who returned fall into two distinct groups. Those who returned due to weather conditions or mechanical failures in their place and those who returned due to not being able to perform their task successfully due to psychological reasons. Each group received different treatment on their return.

How many kamikazes attacked Pearl Harbor?

The base was attacked by 353 Imperial Japanese aircraft (including fighters, level and dive bombers, and torpedo bombers) in two waves, launched from six aircraft carriers. Of the eight U.S. Navy battleships present, all were damaged, with four sunk.

Attack on Pearl Harbor
U.S. Pacific Fleet 1st Air Fleet

How many died in the Battle of Leyte Gulf?

In the end, the aims of the Battle of Leyte Gulf were achieved, but there were heavy U.S. casualties: 16,043 soldiers and 7,270 sailors were killed. The Japanese also suffered tremendous losses, with 419,912 deaths and those injured.

How many died in Pearl Harbor?


The attack killed 2,403 U.S. personnel, including 68 civilians, and destroyed or damaged 19 U.S. Navy ships, including 8 battleships. The three aircraft carriers of the U.S. Pacific Fleet were out to sea on maneuvers.

How many ships were damaged by kamikaze pilots at the Battle of Okinawa?

One pilot, after takeoff, strafed his own command post. The Japanese fell short of their goal of “one plane one ship,” but sank 36 American warships, and damaged 368 other vessels at Okinawa. The Navy’s losses were the highest of the Pacific war: 4,907 sailors and officers killed, and 4,824 wounded.

How many US ships were sunk by kamikazes?

Kamikaze attacks sank 34 ships and damaged hundreds of others during the war. At Okinawa they inflicted the greatest losses ever suffered by the U.S. Navy in a single battle, killing almost 5,000 men.

Are Kamikazes effective?

All up thousands of Kamikaze pilots were killed. For that they sunk a few dozen ships, damaged a few hundred more and killed a few thousand Allied sailors. During the Battle of Okinawa the uses of Kamikaze attacks were prolific.

How many US Marines died during the battle of iw0 Jima?

7,000 U.S. Marines

Approximately 70,000 U.S. Marines and 18,000 Japanese soldiers took part in the battle. In thirty-six days of fighting on the island, nearly 7,000 U.S. Marines were killed. Another 20,000 were wounded.

Was there kamikazes at Pearl Harbor?

Japanese dive-bombers at Pearl Harbor were not kamikazes.

During the air raid, another crippled Japanese plane crashed onto the deck of the USS Curtiss. Although the Japanese pilots might have deliberately aimed for enemy targets after sustaining catastrophic damage, that was not the intention of their mission.

Did any Japanese pilots survive Pearl Harbor?

Other Japanese who took part in the Pearl Harbor attack – a score out of the 609 fliers are known to survive – appear wrapped in the past, like Mr. Shiga. The Japanese have a verb for it: ikinokoru, ”to live on, left behind” by those who died gloriously in battle.

Did kamikaze pilots have parachutes?

As the enemy pilots soon discovered, a burst of their 50-caliber bullets into the fuel tanks of a Zero caused it to explode violently in flames. Despite this, in those days not one of our pilots flew with parachutes.

How many bodies are still in the USS Arizona?

The USS Arizona Memorial, at Pearl Harbor in Honolulu, Hawaii, marks the resting place of 1,102 of the 1,177 sailors and Marines killed on USS Arizona during the Attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, and commemorates the events of that day.

How quickly did the USS Arizona sink how many Americans died on the ship?

The forward deck of the Arizona was struck by a 1,760-pound bomb that triggered a massive explosion, lifted the 33,000-ton vessel out of the water and killed 1,177 sailors and Marines instantly.

Why didn’t they remove the bodies from the USS Arizona?

It was decided that the men would be considered buried at sea because it would be too difficult to remove them in a respectful manner. The decision to leave the USS Arizona underwater at the bottom of Pearl Harbor was made after much deliberation. The same decision was made for the USS Utah.

Are there still bodies in the Arizona?

“So 1,102 people remain entombed in the USS Arizona, considered buried at sea.” Interestingly, many of the surviving crew members have opted to have their cremated remains thrown into the sunken battleship.

Are there skeletons in the USS Arizona?

After the USS Arizona was struck by over a half dozen aerial bombs, causing an explosion and a fire that burned for two days, 1,777 crewmen were killed. The majority of those have never been recovered from the wreckage. According to DPAA, their remains are entombed in the USS Arizona Memorial.

Is the USS Arizona still leaking oil 2021?

Fuel continues to leak from USS Arizona’s wreckage.

However, despite the raging fire and ravages of time, some 500,000 gallons are still slowly seeping out of the ship’s submerged wreckage: Nearly 70 years after its demise, Arizona continues to spill up to 9 quarts of oil into the harbor each day.

What ships are still underwater at Pearl Harbor?

The wrecks of only two vessels remain in the harbor — the Arizona and USS Utah — so survivors of those ships are the only ones who have the option to be laid to rest this way. Most of the ships hit that day were repaired and put back into service or scrapped.

What ships are still at the bottom of Pearl Harbor?

Irreparably damaged, the USS Arizona still lies at the bottom of Pearl Harbor.

What 3 ships survived Pearl Harbor?

Eventually, all but three of the ships sunk or damaged at Pearl Harbor were repaired: the USS Arizona (too badly damaged to be salvaged), the USS Oklahoma (raised but considered to be too old to be worth repairing), and the USS Utah (also considered obsolete).

Is the USS Utah still in Pearl Harbor?

On December 7, 1941, the USS Utah, moored on the other side of Ford Island and hit by torpedoes at the start of the attack, quickly rolled over and sank. Fifty-eight of Utah’s crew died. The ship was never salvaged and remains where it sank in Pearl Harbor.

What happened to USS Arizona guns?

Today both sites are abandoned; the guns were removed and cut up for scrap shortly after the war ended. Despite the work done to remove all useful materials from the ARIZONA, it was apparent the ship itself was lost.

What not to wear to Pearl Harbor?

Visitors must be wearing shirts that do not show excessive skin. Bathing suits are not acceptable, nor are inappropriate t-shirts. Flip flops and sandals are permitted. We understand that you are visiting Pearl Harbor on your vacation.

How long did ships burn at Pearl Harbor?

two days

The Arizona sank in about 40 feet (12 metres) of water, though some parts were not submerged, and the ship continued to burn for more than two days. Almost immediately, efforts were undertaken to retrieve bodies, but eventually the decision was made to leave more than 900 entombed in the ship’s wreckage.