In the British empire, what was the difference between a Governor General and a Viceroy?

Governors-General and Viceroys were the main administrative cogs of British India who saw to it that the “Jewel in the Crown” of the British Empire.

Difference Between Governor-General and Viceroy.

Governor-General Viceroy
Chakravarti Rajagopalachari was the last Governor-General Lord Louis Mountbatten was the last Viceroy

What is the difference of governor general and viceroy?

Governor General was the head of all governors of states under East India Company. After the power shifted in the hands of British Crown, Viceroy was appointed, who was the head of colonial India and governed the territory on behalf of British Crown.

Was the Viceroy and the Governor-General same person?

After 1858, the governor-general (now usually known as the viceroy) functioned as the chief administrator of India and as the Sovereign’s representative. India was divided into numerous provinces, each under the head of a governor, lieutenant governor or chief commissioner or administrator.

What is a British Viceroy?

viceroy, one who rules a country or province as the representative of his sovereign or king and who is empowered to act in the sovereign’s name.

Who is called Governor-General?

The governor-general was also usually the commander-in-chief of the armed forces in their territory and, because of the governor-general’s control of the military, the post was as much a military appointment as a civil one. The governors-general are entitled to wear a unique uniform, which is not generally worn today.

Who is the last Governor-General?

Chakravarti Rajagopalachari

Chakravarti Rajagopalachari (1878-1972) became the only Indian and last governor-general after independence.

Who is the first Governor-General?

In accordance with the provisions of the Regulating Act of 1773, Warren Hastings became the first governor-general.

Who was given the title of Viceroy?

The Governor-General was given the title of Viceroy or Crown’s personal representative. Lord Canning became the first Viceroy.

Who is the first Viceroy of British India?

Lord Canning

Ans. Lord Canning was the first Viceroy of India. His tenure lasted for four years between 1858 to 1862.

What does Governor-General do?

The governor general, as the representative of the Canadian sovereign, carries out the parliamentary duties of the sovereign in their absence, such as summoning Parliament, reading the speech from the throne, and proroguing and dissolving Parliament.

Who was the last viceroy of British India?


Mountbatten: The Last Viceroy.

What are the roles of Governor-General?

Constitutional duties

Presiding over the Federal Executive Council. Facilitating the work of the Commonwealth Parliament and Government. Dissolving Parliament and issuing writs for a Federal election. Commissioning the Prime Minister; appointing Ministers and Assistant Ministers; and swearing-in other statutory …

What rank is a Viceroy?

Viceroy is a form of royal appointment rather than noble rank. An individual viceroy often also held a noble title, however, such as Bernardo de Gálvez, 1st Viscount of Galveston who was also Viceroy of New Spain.

What is the wife of a Viceroy called?

Vicereine is more commonly used to indicate a viceroy’s wife. The term has occasionally been applied to the governors-general of the Commonwealth realms, who are viceregal representatives of the monarch.

What was governor generals new role as Viceroy under this act?

Lord Canning became the first Viceroy of India under the Act of 1858. The Governor-General’s new role as Viceroy under this Act was that he ruled over the Provinces under the British rule and acted as ‘Representative of the Crown’ for the native princes and Nawabs.

Can the Governor-General sack the Prime Minister?

The Senate retains the power to block supply; the Governor-General retains the power to dismiss ministers (including the Prime Minister). However, these powers have not since been used to force a government from office.

Who elects the Governor-General?

The Governor is appointed by the Sovereign and is her representative in New South Wales. The Governor is the formal head of state in New South Wales.

Who was the first Viceroy under the crown?

Lord Canning

Lord Canning became the first Viceroy of India under the Government of India act 1858. He became the first Viceroy and Governor-General of India after the East India Company’s rule over British India ended and the reign came directly under the British monarch.

Who was the first Governor-General after independence?

New Delhi: Chakravarti Rajagopalachari, popularly known as Rajaji, was independent India’s first Indian Governor General.

Who was the Governor-General during the first war of independence?

Charles John Canning, Earl Canning, also called (1837–59) Viscount Canning of Kilbrahan, (born December 14, 1812, London, England—died June 17, 1862, London), statesman and governor-general of India during the Indian Mutiny of 1857.

Who became the first Viceroy of India under the Act of 1858 who was Governor-General new role as Viceroy under this act?

Lord Canning

Although the Proclamation of 1858 announcing the assumption of the government of India by the Crown referred to Lord Canning as “first Viceroy and Governor-General”, none of the Warrants appointing his successors referred to them as ‘Viceroys’, and the title, which was frequently used in Warrants dealing with …

How did the position of the Governor-General changed after the revolt of 1857?

how did the position of the governor general change after the revolt of 1857 ? Ans. The governor general under the company was given the title of viceroy who become a personal representative of the crown.

Who was the first Governor-General of India?

2. William Bentinck was the first Governor-General of India.

When power was transferred to India by the British who was appointed the first Indian Governor-General of India?

Charles Canning, 1st Earl Canning, KG, GCB, KSI, PC (14 December 1812 – 17 June 1862), also known as The Viscount Canning and Clemency Canning, was a British statesman and Governor-General of India during the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and the first Viceroy of India after the transfer of power from the East India Company …

Who was the British Governor-General during the partition of India Mcq?

It lasted until 1947 when British territory was split into Pakistan and India. Lord Willingdon was the governor general of India when it was passed.

Which British Governor-General did introduce English education in India?

Lord William Bentinck

The English Education Act 1835 was a legislative Act of the Council of India, gave effect to a decision in 1835 by Lord William Bentinck, then Governor-General of the British East India Company, to reallocate funds it was required by the British Parliament to spend on education and literature in India.

When power was transferred to India by the British?

The British Government would grant full self-government to British India by 30 June 1948 at the latest, The future of the Princely States would be decided after the date of final transfer is decided.

Is India still under Queen?

India as a free and independent dominion within the British Commonwealth of Nations (its title changed in 1949 to “Commonwealth of Nations”) came into existence on 15 August 1947 under the provisions of the Indian Independence Act 1947 which had received royal assent on 18 July 1947.

Who came first to India British or French?

The correct answer is Portuguese. Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama was the first European to reach India via the Atlantic Ocean at Calicut in India. Portuguese were followed by the Dutch when they tried to enter the Indian market in the middle of the 16th century.

Which European country came to India first?

The Portuguese

The Portuguese were the first Europeans to arrive in India and the last to leave. In c. 1498 CE, Vasco da Gama of Portugal discovered a new sea route from Europe to India. He sailed around Africa via the Cape of Good Hope and reached Calicut.

Who discovered Africa?

Portuguese explorer Prince Henry, known as the Navigator, was the first European to methodically explore Africa and the oceanic route to the Indies.

Who colonized China?

From history, it can be known that China is a country which has been colonized by several nations such as Britain and Germany. Though there was a time with weakness and invasion of other countries, China recently became one of the countries that have the speediest development in the world.