In what language was the first Zionist congress in Basel in 1897 held?


When was the First Zionist Congress held?

The year 1897 marks the turning point when these aspirations and efforts became focused on creating political institutions towards the establishment of a Jewish State. On 29-31 August 1897, visionary leader Theodor Benjamin Zeev Herzl convened the First Zionist Congress, in Basel, Switzerland.

What language did Theodor Herzl speak?


He was the second child of Jeanette and Jakob Herzl, who were German-speaking, assimilated Jews. It is believed Herzl was of both Ashkenazi and Sephardic lineage predominately through his paternal line and to a lesser extent through the maternal line.

Who founded the Zionist movement in 1897?

Theodor Herzl

Modern Zionism was officially established as a political organization by Theodor Herzl in 1897. A Jewish journalist and political activist from Austria, Herzl believed that the Jewish population couldn’t survive if it didn’t have a nation of its own.

Where was the first Zionist Conference?

Basel, Switzerland

At the First Zionist Congress in Basel, Switzerland, in August 1897 Theodor Herzl convened a remarkable meeting that founded what became the World Zionist Organization, defined the political goals of the movement, adopted a national anthem, created the legal and financial instruments that would lead to statehood, and …

Who came to the First Zionist Congress?

First Zionist Executive

The “Zionist Executive” elected by the First Congress consisted of: Vienna (5): Theodor Herzl, Moses Schnirer, Oser Kokesch, Johann Kremenezky and Alexander Mintz (the latter in place of Nathan Birmbaum) Austria (other than Galicia and Bukovina) (1): Dr. Sigmund Kornfeld.

What is the Basel program?

1. The promotion of the settlement of Jewish agriculturists, artisans, and tradesmen in Palestine. 2. The federation of all Jews into local or general groups, according to the laws of the various countries.

Who is the father of modern Israel?

Ben-Gurion led Israel during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and united the various Jewish militias into the Israel Defense Forces (IDF). Subsequently, he became known as “Israel’s founding father”.

What is the name of Israeli parliament?

The Knesset is the house of representatives of the State of Israel. It is uni-cameral and has 120 Members representing numerous lists that are elected in general, country-wide, proportional elections once every four years (see electoral system).

What was Hovevei Zion?

Hovevei Zion, or Hibbat Zion, is a collective name for several societies established in Eastern Europe in the late 19th century, advocating immigration to the land of Israel, settlement of the land and agricultural work (Goldstein 2016).

What is Aliyah Israel?

Aliyah is the word that describes the return of the Jewish People from the exile in the Diaspora back to the Land of Israel. The word Aliyah is derived from the verb “laalot” which means “to go up”, or “to ascend” in a positive spiritual sense. A person who makes Aliyah is called an Oleh, meaning “one who goes up”.

Where did Jews live before Israel?


Most of the Jewish population was exiled to Babylon, but some Jews remained. About 150 years later (539 BCE), the Persians conquered Babylon and permitted the Jews in exile to return to Israel and authorized the rebuilding of the Temple in Jerusalem.

What was Israel called before 1947?


The British controlled Palestine until Israel, in the years following the end of World War II, became an independent state in 1947.

What was Israel’s first name in the Bible?

Israel or Yisrael or Yisroel is a biblical given name. According to the Book of Genesis, the patriarch Jacob was given the name Israel (Hebrew: יִשְׂרָאֵל‎, Modern: Yīsraʾel, Tiberian: Yīsrāʾēl) after he wrestled with the angel (Genesis 32:28 and 35:10).

Who lived in Israel first?

3,000 to 2,500 B.C. — The city on the hills separating the fertile Mediterranean coastline of present-day Israel from the arid deserts of Arabia was first settled by pagan tribes in what was later known as the land of Canaan. The Bible says the last Canaanites to rule the city were the Jebusites.

What was Israel called in biblical times?

The region is called “the Land of Canaan” (Eretz Kna’an) in Numbers 34:2 and the borders are known in Jewish tradition as the “borders for those coming out of Egypt”. These borders are again mentioned in Deuteronomy 1:6–8, 11:24 and Joshua 1:4.

In what language was the Old Testament written?

The Jewish Bible, the Old Testament, was originally written almost entirely in Hebrew, with a few short elements in Aramaic.

Who ruled Israel during Jesus time?

During Jesus’ public career, the Roman prefect was Pontius Pilate (ruled 26–36 ce). Although nominally in charge of Judaea, Samaria, and Idumaea, the prefect did not govern his area directly. Instead, he relied on local leaders.

Where did the Hebrews come from before Egypt?

The Hebrews left the Mesopotamian city of Ur and became wandering herders; in fact, the word Hebrew originally meant “wanderer” or “nomad.” Abraham had a son, Isaac, and Isaac had a son, Jacob, collectively known as the Patriarchs in the Hebrew Bible.

What tribe are the Hebrews from?

Modern Jews, moreover, trace their lineage to the tribes of Judah and Benjamin (absorbed by Judah) or to the tribe, or group, of clans of religious functionaries known as Levites.

Who are the Israelites descended from?

Israelite, descendant of the Hebrew patriarch Jacob, whose name was changed to Israel after an all-night fight at Penuel near the stream of Jabbok (Genesis 32:28).

Where did the Israelites come from originally?

According to the Hebrew Bible, the Israelites are the descendants of Jacob, who was later renamed Israel. Following a severe drought, Jacob and his twelve sons fled to Egypt, where they eventually became the Twelve Tribes of Israel.

Who are the descendants of the Israelites today?

It is accepted that the Jews and the Samaritans are descendants of the ancient Israelites.

What is the 13th tribe of Israel?

Koestlees Thirteenth Tribe, the Khazars. They appear, in succession to the Huns, as overlords of the East Slays in about the fifth century of our era. But, as we learn from Mr. Koestler’s excellent book, there is much more to the Khazars than that.

Where is tribe of Benjamin today?

Tribe of Benjamin

Geographical range West Asia
Major sites Jerusalem
Preceded by New Kingdom of Egypt
Followed by Kingdom of Israel (united monarchy)

Who are the 2 remaining tribes of Israel?

In 930 bc the 10 tribes formed the independent Kingdom of Israel in the north and the two other tribes, Judah and Benjamin, set up the Kingdom of Judah in the south.