Losses in reserve units during battles in Napoleonic wars

What was Napoleon’s worst battle?


The fighting involved around 250,000 troops and left at least 68,000 killed and wounded, making Borodino the deadliest day of the Napoleonic Wars and the bloodiest single day in the history of warfare until the First Battle of the Marne in 1914.

How many regiments were in Napoleon’s army?

The strength of infantry varied. In the beginning of Napoleon’s reign France had 90 line and 26 light regiments. In 1813-1814 it reached a massive 137 line (numbered 1er-157e) and 35 light (numbered 1er-37e) regiments. Only in 1815 the strength of infantry fell below even the initial numbers: 90 line and 15 light.

How many soldiers died at Borodino?

The casualties and loss of life at the Battle of Borodino were staggering: 20,000 wounded, 10,000 dead on the French side, amongst whom were the generals Montbrun, Caulaincourt, Compère, Plauzonne, Lanabère, Romeuf, Marion, and Tharreau, whilst on the Russian side there were 35,000 wounded and 15,000 dead, amongst whom …

How big was a Napoleonic battalion?

Companies were commanded by captains, with lieutenants and ensigns (or subalterns) beneath him. Ideally, a battalion consisted of 1000 men (excluding NCOs, musicians and officers), but active service depleted the numbers.

What was Napoleon’s greatest defeat?

The Battle of Waterloo

The Battle of Waterloo, which took place in Belgium on June 18, 1815, marked the final defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte, who conquered much of Europe in the early 19th century.

How did Napoleon lose the Battle of Waterloo?

The adverse environmental conditions, the weak state of his army, the incompetence of his officers, and the superior tactics of his enemies all forced Napoleon to wage war from a disadvantageous position and eventually led to his demise.

How many troops did Napoleon lose in Russia?

The Grande Armée also failed to prepare for Russia’s harsh winter. Its troops were not dressed or trained for the kind of weather they faced. The invasion lasted six months, and the Grande Armée lost more than 300,000 men. Russia lost more than 200,000.

How many men were in a Napoleonic battalion?

During the Napoleonic wars most nations had battalions whose established strength was between 700 to 1200 men, although the Austrians had some battalions which were slightly larger than this range.

How many of Napoleon’s troops made it out of Russia?


The French emperor—intent on conquering Europe—sent 600,000 troops into Russia. Six disastrous months later, only an estimated 100,000 made it out. After taking power in 1799, French leader Napoleon Bonaparte won a string of military victories that gave him control over most of Europe.

How did Napoleon lose at Leipzig?

‘ During the day, two Saxon brigades and some Württembergers deserted to the coalition, leaving a hole in the French line. Encircled, with casualties rising and ammunition running low, Napoleon realized that the battle was lost. He ordered a phased retreat westward, across the bridge over the Elster River to Lindenau.

Did Uxbridge survive Waterloo?

Uxbridge survived the amputation of his leg and remained an active individual, riding and shooting as he had done before that ill-fated day at Waterloo. It is believed that these stirrups played an important role in enabling Uxbridge to remain steady on his mount whilst using his artificial leg.

How many times did Napoleon get exiled?

However, in June 1815, he was defeated at the bloody Battle of Waterloo. Napoleon’s defeat ultimately signaled the end of France’s domination of Europe. He abdicated for a second time and was exiled to the remote island of Saint Helena, in the southern Atlantic Ocean, where he lived out the rest of his days.

How many French soldiers died in the retreat from Moscow?

The French themselves lost 70,000 in action and 120,000 wounded, as against the non-French contingents’ 30,000 and 60,000. Russian casualties have been estimated at 200,000 killed, 50,000 dispersed or deserting, and 150,000 wounded.

How many of Napoleon’s 600000 troops made it out of Russia?


With a particularly harsh winter quickly setting in, Napoleon ordered his forces to retrace their path back to France. Yet winter now proved the cruelest foe for what was now an underfed, ragged army. Of the roughly 600,000 troops who followed Napoleon into Russia, fewer than 100,000 made it out.

How did Napoleon lose in Russia?

Napoleon failed to conquer Russia in 1812 for several reasons: faulty logistics, poor discipline, disease, and not the least, the weather. Napoleon’s method of warfare was based on rapid concentration of his forces at a key place to destroy his enemy.

Did Napoleon burn Moscow?

As soon as Napoleon and his Grand Army entered Moscow, on 14 September 1812, the capital erupted in flames that eventually engulfed and destroyed two thirds of the city.

How close did Napoleon get to Moscow?

At 14:00, Napoleon arrived at Poklonnaya Gora, 3 miles from the limits of 1812 Moscow.

What was hundred days?

Hundred Days, in U.S. history, the early period of Franklin D. Roosevelt’s presidency (March 9–June 16, 1933), during which a major portion of New Deal legislation was enacted.

Why did Napoleon get exiled?

A chaotic military campaign resulted in a large coalition army defeating Napoleon at the Battle of Leipzig in October 1813. The coalition invaded France and captured Paris, forcing Napoleon to abdicate in April 1814. He was exiled to the island of Elba, between Corsica and Italy.

What happened in France after Waterloo?

A coalition of European powers defeated Napoleon in the War of the Sixth Coalition, ended the First Empire in 1814, and restored the monarchy to the brothers of Louis XVI. The Bourbon Restoration lasted from (about) April 6, 1814, until the popular uprisings of the July Revolution of 1830.

Was Waterloo after Elba?

The period known as “the hundred days” marked the events that occurred between Napoleon’s return to Paris on March 20, 1815, after his exile on Elba, and the second restoration of King Louis XVIII to the throne of France on July 8, 1815.

What was the 100 days Napoleon Bonaparte?

Hundred Days, French Cent Jours, in French history, period between March 20, 1815, the date on which Napoleon arrived in Paris after escaping from exile on Elba, and July 8, 1815, the date of the return of Louis XVIII to Paris.

Why did Napoleon surrender after Waterloo?

But it was clear that his power had been severely weakened, and he abdicated as emperor on 22 June. “His subsequent attempt to flee France was thwarted by a British naval blockade of French ports, and on 13 July he wrote a letter of surrender.

Where did Napoleon live after Waterloo?

Saint Helena

Exiled to the island of Elba, he escaped to France in early 1815 and raised a new Grand Army that enjoyed temporary success before its crushing defeat at Waterloo against an allied force under Wellington on June 18, 1815. Napoleon was subsequently exiled to the island of Saint Helena off the coast of Africa.

Where did Napoleon live in Elba?

The Villa dei Mulini (literally “Villa of the Mills”) is located on the promontory of Portoferraio and was chosen by Napoleon as his primary residence due to its strategic location which allows a wide view of the sea where he could keep under control any approach and landings of boats in the bay.

How did they find out how Napoleon died?

An autopsy at the time cited stomach cancer as the cause of death. A study done in 1938 indicated that Napoleon’s father died of stomach cancer. In 1961, an elevated level of arsenic was found in hair taken from Napoleon, inspiring rumors of arsenic poisoning. To find answers, Dr.

What does Napoleon syndrome mean?

“Napoleon Complex” is a theorized inferiority complex normally attributed to people of short stature. It is characterized by overly-aggressive or domineering social behavior, such as lying about earnings, and carries the implication that such behavior is compensatory for the subject’s physical or social shortcomings.

Do short guys have a complex?

Known as short-man syndrome, or the Napoleon Complex, the idea is that males about shorter stature like the Insecure leader pictured make up for their lack of height with extra-assertive personalities. A study by apps Timothy Judge found that tall people earn more. That means, on average, a worker who was 6ft 1.

Why did Napoleon hide his hand?

The answer is rooted in the gesture’s history. Concealing a hand in one’s coat has long signified gentlemanly restraint and was often associated with nobility. It goes as far back as ancient Greece, when famed orator Aeschines claimed that restricting the movement of one’s hand was the proper way to speak in public.