Nazi Germany’s secret service SD was first called Ic-Dienst, what does “Ic” stand for?

The SD, one of the oldest security organizations of the SS, first formed in 1931 as the Ic-Dienst (Intelligence Service) operating out of a single apartment and reporting directly to Heinrich Himmler.

What was the German Abwehr?

The Abwehr (pronounced [ˈapveːɐ̯]) was the German military-intelligence service for the Reichswehr and the Wehrmacht from 1920 to 1944.

What was the purpose of the RAD in Germany?

The Reich Labour Service (Reichsarbeitsdienst; RAD) was a major organisation established in Nazi Germany as an agency to help mitigate the effects of unemployment on the German economy, militarise the workforce and indoctrinate it with Nazi ideology.

What was the name of the German spy agency?


BND, abbreviation of Bundesnachrichtendienst, German: “Federal Intelligence Service”, foreign intelligence agency of the West German government.

Who was the head of the Abwehr?

Wilhelm Franz Canaris

Wilhelm Franz Canaris (1 January 1887 – 9 April 1945) was a German admiral and the chief of the Abwehr (the German military-intelligence service) from 1935 to 1944. Canaris was initially a supporter of Adolf Hitler, and the Nazi regime.

What was the Volkswagen scheme?

Dr Robert Ley was in charge of the KdF, and one of its popular schemes was the Volkswagen – the people’s car. It was possible to pay for the car in instalments, and the buyer would only receive the car after they had paid the balance in full.

What is the main role of labor in an economy?

Labor represents the human factor in producing the goods and services of an economy. finding enough people with the right skills to meet increasing demand. This often results in rising wages in some industries.

Who is called labour?

Labour is used to refer to the workers of a country or industry, considered as a group.

What does labor mean in economics?

labour, also spelled labor, in economics, the general body of wage earners.

How will you define labor?

Definition of labor

(Entry 1 of 3) 1a : expenditure of physical or mental effort especially when difficult or compulsory was sentenced to six months at hard labor. b(1) : the services performed by workers for wages as distinguished from those rendered by entrepreneurs for profits.

What are the 3 types of labour?

Kinds of Labour:

  • Physical and Mental Labour.
  • Skilled and Unskilled Labour. ADVERTISEMENTS:
  • Productive and Unproductive Labour.

What are the 4 types of labor?

The Four Types of Labor

  • The Four Categories of Labor.
  • Proffesional Labor: Examples.
  • Semiskilled Labor: Examples.
  • Unskilled Labor: Examples.
  • Skilled Labor: Examples.

What is called physical Labour?

Manual labour or manual work is physical work done by people, most especially in contrast to that done by machines, and also to that done by working animals. It is most literally work done with the hands, and, by figurative extension, it is work done with any of the muscles and bones of the body.

Why was Gompers called bread and butter unionism?

Gompers’ approach was known as “bread and butter” unionism because he limited his goals to winning economic improvements for his workers. His goals included higher pay, an 8-hour work day, and better working conditions.

What does strike mean history?

Strike action, also called labor strike, labour strike, or simply strike, is a work stoppage, caused by the mass refusal of employees to work. A strike usually takes place in response to employee grievances. Strikes became common during the Industrial Revolution, when mass labor became important in factories and mines.

Which organization endorsed bread and butter unionism?

1913- gave the right to tax people’s income; more you make, the more you’re taxed. Which of the following labor organizations endorsed the philosophy of “bread and butter” unionism by concentrating on demands for higher wages, shorter hours, and improved working conditions? Steel King!

What according to Gompers was the most important aim of organized labor?

Gompers is noted for having shifted the primary goal of American unionism away from social issues and toward the “bread and butter” issues of wages, benefits, hours, and working conditions, all of which could be negotiated through collective bargaining.

Who used collective bargaining?

Collective bargaining existed before the end of the 18th century in Britain; its development occurred later on the European continent and in the United States, where Samuel Gompers developed its common use during his leadership of the American Federation of Labor.

Who Samuel Gompers quizlet?

Samuel Gompers[1] (January 27, 1850 – December 13, 1924) was an English-born American cigar maker who became a Georgist labor union leader and a key figure in American labor history.

Who started labor unions?

In the history of America’s trade and labor unions, the most famous union remains the American Federation of Labor (AFL), founded in 1886 by Samuel Gompers. At its pinnacle, the AFL had approximately 1.4 million members.

What was the first union?

The first recorded instance of a worker strike in America occurred in 1768 when journeymen tailors protested a wage reduction. In 1794, Philadelphia shoemakers formed a union called the Federal Society of Journeymen Cordwainers; its establishment marked the beginning of sustained trade union organization in the U.S.

What was the first labor union in America?

In the United States, the first effective nationwide labour organization was the Knights of Labor, in 1869, which began to grow after 1880.

What was the first trade union?

The formation of the Federal Society of Journeymen Cordwainers (shoemakers) in Philadelphia in 1794 marks the beginning of sustained trade union organization among American workers.

When was the 1st National Labor Union created and what was it called?

Library of Congress Prints & Photographs Division. The National Labor Union was founded on August 20, 1866, in Baltimore, Maryland. It was the first attempt to create a national labor group in the United States and one of their first actions was the first national call for Congress to mandate an 8-hour work day.

Who does the union represent?

A labor or trade union is an organization of workers dedicated to protecting members’ interests and improving wages, hours and working conditions for all. No matter what you do for a living, there’s a union with members who do the same thing. Unions represent: Mechanics.

When and why were trade union first formed?

Trade unions in South Africa has a history dating back to the 1880s. From the beginning unions could be viewed as a reflection of the racial disunity of the country, with the earliest unions being predominantly for white workers.

What does fedusa stand for?

Federation on Unions of South Africa (FEDUSA)

What is trade unionism explain the growth of trade unionism?

Growth of Trade Unions:

It is a group of workers engaged in a particular trade for the purposes of securing better wages, shorter hours of work and improved conditions of labour. In the modern capitalistic society the worker is a hired employee with little attachment to the factory or office other than to his wages.