Operation Enduring Freedom, early results

What was the outcome of Operation Enduring Freedom?

On , Operation Enduring Freedom concluded, and was succeeded by Operation Freedom’s Sentinel on . In 2020, the US left Afghanistan to the Taliban under an agreement ensuring a safe passage for American forces out of the country by mid 2021.

Why did the U.S. invade Operation Enduring Freedom?

Dubbed “Operation Enduring Freedom” in U.S. military parlance, the invasion of Afghanistan was intended to target terrorist mastermind Osama bin Laden’s al-Qaeda organization, which was based in the country, as well as the extreme fundamentalist Taliban government that had ruled most of the country since 1996 and …

What was the main provision of Operation Enduring Freedom?

The main purpose of Operation Enduring freedom-2001 was to punish all those behind 9/11 attack mainly Al Qaeda and Taliban regime.

What were the outcomes of Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan?

The result was the execution of at least 3,000 captured Taliban soldiers by Malik and the Hazaris. In August, 1998, the Taliban retook Mazar-i Sharif and summarily massacred at least 2,000 Hazaris. Also, several Iranian citizens, including diplomats, were killed, nearly touching off an Iran-Taliban war.

Which of the following came as a result of the defeat of the Soviets in 1989?

Which of the following came as a result of the defeat of the Soviets in 1989? The socialist government fell. When did U.S. intelligence become aware of Osama bin Laden?

In what ways did the US government attempt to deny the rights of prisoners taken in Afghanistan and Iraq?

Hint: The United States denied the rights of prisoners captured in Afghanistan and Iraq by imprisoning and interrogating them outside of the United States, where they were not protected by U.S. law.

Why did the US get involved in Afghanistan?

NATO Allies went into Afghanistan after the 9/11 terrorist attacks on the United States, to ensure that the country would not again become a safe haven for international terrorists to attack NATO member countries.

When and why was Operation Enduring Freedom launched Class 12?

Answer: The USA was attacked by the terrorists on 11th September 2001 to attract the attention of Public and Governments all over the world. The US launched ‘Operation Enduring Freedom’ in response to the 9/11 attack. It was against all suspects namely, Al-Qaeda and the Taliban regime of Afghanistan.

What started the Afghanistan conflict?

After the Taliban government refused to hand over terrorist leader Osama bin Laden in the wake of al-Qaeda’s September 11, 2001, attacks, the United States invaded Afghanistan. The Taliban leadership quickly lost control of the country and relocated to southern Afghanistan and across the border to Pakistan.

What started the war in Afghanistan 2001?

In 2001 an international coalition led by the USA invaded Afghanistan to destroy terrorist organisation Al-Qaeda when the Taliban refused to hand over Osama bin Laden.

What human rights did the Taliban take away?

The Taliban have banned women and girls from secondary and higher education, and altered curricula to focus more on religious studies. They dictate what women must wear, how they should travel, workplace segregation by sex, and even what kind of cell phones women should have.

Was the US invasion of Afghanistan legal?

The council did not authorize the United States or any other country to use military force against Afghanistan. The US war in Afghanistan is illegal.

What human rights have been violated in Afghanistan?

Significant human rights issues included: killings by insurgents; extrajudicial killings by security forces; forced disappearances by antigovernment personnel; reports of torture and cases of cruel, inhuman, or degrading punishment by security forces and antigovernment entities; arbitrary detention by government …

Was Afghanistan a free country?

Following the Third Anglo-Afghan War in 1919, Afghanistan became free of foreign dominance, and eventually emerged as the independent Kingdom of Afghanistan in June 1926 under Amanullah Khan.

What is Afghanistan famous for?

The capital of Afghanistan is its largest city, Kabul. A serene city of mosques and gardens during the storied reign of the emperor Bābur (1526–30), founder of the Mughal dynasty, and for centuries an important entrepôt on the Silk Road, Kabul lay in ruins following the long and violent Afghan War.

Why is Afghanistan Poor?

Afghanistan National Development Strategy (ANDS)

It identifies factors that contribute to poverty such as lack of infrastructure, limited access to markets, social inequity, historical and ongoing conflict, and various productivity constraints.

How many prostitutes are in Afghanistan?

APMG Health estimated there to be 12,500 prostitutes in the country in 2015. In 2020 UNAIDS estimated there to be 11,000 prostitutes in Kabul, Herat, Mazar and Jalalabad based on a 2019 survey. Prior to foreign troops withdrawing from the country, there have been reports of brothels and prostitution around US bases.

Is Afghanistan nice?

Lonely Planet once described Afghanistan as a “vastly appealing country.” Having married into an Afghan family many years ago, I can attest that the culture is also extremely hospitable. Welcoming tourists to visit their beautiful nation is a logical extension of the Afghan culture.

How rich is Afghanistan?

The international community is renewing its focus on Afghanistan’s mineral wealth, believed to be worth more than $1 trillion, lying untapped within its often-hostile geography.

How rich is Taliban?

The group’s annual income from 2011 onwards has been estimated at around $400m (£290m) by the United Nations (UN). But by the end of 2018 this may have increased significantly, to as much as $1.5bn a year, according to BBC investigations.

Are there diamonds in Afghanistan?

Afghanistan has almost every type of gemstone in the country. Diamonds have not been discovered yet, however if they are to be discovered it will be in Badakshan or Panjshir due to the geology of those areas.

Is Afghanistan oil rich?

Afghanistan is rich in resources like copper, gold, oil, natural gas, uranium, bauxite, coal, iron ore, rare earths, lithium, chromium, lead, zinc, gemstones, talc, sulphur, travertine, gypsum and marble.

Does Afghanistan get snow?

Kabul experiences some seasonal variation in monthly snowfall. The snowy period of the year lasts for 3.0 months, from December 8 to March 9, with a sliding 31-day snowfall of at least 1.0 inches. The month with the most snow in Kabul is February, with an average snowfall of 2.9 inches.

Are rubies found in Afghanistan?

Precious gems including emeralds, ruby and sapphires (Figure 2) are mined in Afghanistan, and semi-precious lapis lazuli, tourmaline, aquamarine, kunzite, topaz, garnets, fluorite and varieties of quartz are also worked. Afghanistan is also a source of good quality mineral specimens sought by collectors.

What country has the most gems?

Sri Lanka is one of the world’s most gem-rich countries and is known as the “Treasure Box of the Indian Ocean” thanks to its abundant supplies of garnet, zircon, tourmaline, beryl, topaz and quartz. The country’s mining industry is centred in the town of Ratanpura, which has been nicknamed The Gem Town.

What is African ruby?

About African Rubies

African rubies are usually purplish to dark red in color and come in a variety of sizes and quality ranging from opaque to translucent to transparent. Usually African rubies are very much included and are cut en cabochon. Transparent rubies are usually cut and polished into faceted stones.

Where is lapis lazuli mined?


ORIGINS. Today, lapis lazuli is mined at the ancient deposits of Afghanistan. Additional deposits are mined in Chile, Siberia, the United States, and Myanmar.

What is a turquoise stone?

Turquoise is an opaque, blue-to-green mineral that is a hydrated phosphate of copper and aluminium, with the chemical formula CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8·4H2O. It is rare and valuable in finer grades and has been prized as a gemstone and ornamental stone for thousands of years owing to its unique hue.

Where is turquoise found?

Turquoise has been mined all over North America for hundreds of years, but its richest deposits have always been found primarily in the southwestern states of Arizona and Nevada. California has also been a popular source of the opaque blue gemstone over the years, with mines found in San Bernardino and Inyo Counties.