Specialization of labor among the ancient Maya

What was the Mayan job specialization?

They were tasked with conducting religious ceremonies and making sure religion was everyone’s main focus. Not only did they teach religion, but they also were expected to teach noble children about astronomy, mathematics, medicine, and literacy.

How did the Mayan economy work?

Mayan farmers grew a wide variety of crops, primarily relying on corn, beans, and squash. They raised and tended domestic dogs, turkeys, and stingless bees. Significant water control systems included dams, aqueducts, and holding facilities.

What did Mayan farmers do?

They planted maize and secondary crops such as beans, squash, and tobacco. In the highlands to the west, they terraced the slopes on mountainsides; in the lowlands, they cleared the jungle for planting.

What job did most Mayan peasants have?

The typical peasant worked as a farmer. At the start of the day, the wife would get up early and start a fire for cooking. Then the husband would leave to go work at the fields.

What are Mayan farmers?

Most of the ancient Maya were farmers. They were very good farmers and grew more food than they needed. This extra food was called surplus crops. The surplus was stored in warehouses in each city-state to be used for trade and to feed people in each city-state who needed it.

What did the ancient mayans trade?

The goods, which were moved and traded around the empire at long distance, include: salt, cotton mantels, slaves, quetzal feathers, flint, chert, obsidian, jade, colored shells, Honey, cacao, copper tools, and ornaments. Due to the lack of wheeled cars and use of animals, these goods traveled Maya area by the sea.

Did the Mayans trade or use money?

The ancient Maya never used coins as money. Instead, like many early civilizations, they were thought to mostly barter, trading items such as tobacco, maize, and clothing.

What did Mayan merchants trade?

Merchants traded cacao beans throughout Mesoamerica not only in the Maya lands but also to the Olmec, Zapotec, Aztecs and elsewhere. Merchants also traded in raw materials including jade, copper, gold, granite, marble, limestone and wood.

What were the economic characteristics of the Mayan society?

The Maya had a bustling trade in prestige items as early as the Middle Preclassic period (about 1000 B.C.). Different sites in the Maya region produced gold, jade, copper, obsidian, and other raw materials. Items made from these materials are found at nearly every major Maya site, indicating an extensive trade system.

Who were Mayan slaves?

Slaves were the lowest class in Maya society. They were usually orphans, war prisoners, criminals, or the children of slaves. Although they weren’t necessarily mistreated by their owners, slaves still had no rights or privileges in Maya society.

What were Mayan merchants called?

Among the Yucatec Maya, who traded along the coast with large canoes with other Maya groups as well as with Caribbean communities, these merchants were called Ppolom. The Ppolom were long-distance traders who usually came from noble families and leaded trading expeditions to acquire valuable raw materials.

How did the Mayans distribute wealth?

Among the most important goods that circulate within the long-distance trade network were salt, obsidian, jade, turquoise, and quetzal feathers. The large market centers within major Mayan cities acted as redistribution centers in which merchants could obtain goods to sell in more minor cities.

Who made chocolate first?

The history of chocolate can be traced to the ancient Mayans, and even earlier to the ancient Olmecs of southern Mexico. The word chocolate may conjure up images of sweet candy bars and luscious truffles, but the chocolate of today is little like the chocolate of the past.

Why did the Mayans love chocolate?

The Mayans and the Aztecs believed (and perhaps some people still do) that chocolate was a gift from the gods. The Aztecs in particular revered the drink – they gave it to victorious warriors after battle, would use it during religious rituals, and even used cacao beans as currency.

Was chocolate a currency?

The ancient Mayans used cacao beans—the principal ingredient in chocolate—as a currency, according to a study published in the journal Economic Anthropology. The research suggests that during the Classic Maya period (250-900 CE) cacao was exchanged for goods and services.

Why does milk chocolate melt in your mouth?

The desired crystalline structure of cocoa fat for chocolate making is the so-called “beta prime” state. Also known as “form V”, this crystal structure gives a very sharp melting point of 36.4C. “So [when you] put it on your tongue it doesn’t melt slowly, it just melts completely, and you feel that liquid sensation.”

How do cocoa beans taste?

What Does Cacao Taste Like? Raw cacao is full of a sweet, nutritious pulp and inch-long seeds known as cacao beans. Cacao nibs have a bitter, earthy flavor, like unsweetened dark chocolate, and a crunchy texture like a coffee bean.

Did the Mayans have taxes?

Commoners had to pay taxes in order to support the king and the nobles. Men also had to serve as warriors when the king commanded. The Maya nobles were also subject to the law.

How did the Mayan government work?

Mayan Government. The Mayans developed a hierarchical government ruled by kings and priests. They lived in independent city-states consisting of rural communities and large urban ceremonial centers. There were no standing armies, but warfare played an important role in religion, power and prestige.

What did Mayans eat?

Maize was the central food in their diet, along with vegetables such as beans and squashes. Potatoes and a tiny grain called quinoa were commonly grown by the Incas. Avocados and tomatoes were mainly eaten by the Aztecs and Maya, along with a wide variety of fruit.

What was the Maya social structure like?

Maya society was rigidly divided between nobles, commoners, serfs, and slaves. The noble class was complex and specialized. Noble status and the occupation in which a noble served were passed on through elite family lineages.

How did the Mayans treat slaves?

In general, slaves were not treated badly. Sometimes they actually had easier lives than peasants, depending on what job they did and where their masters lived. But slaves were not free to come and go as they pleased. Often they were sacrificed when their masters died.

How did the class structure of the Maya affect people’s lives?

How do you think the class structure of the Mayas affected people’s lives? The class structure can limit what people did. Since people were born in to what class they were in, they can only obtain certain jobs. List the three main periods of Mayan Civilization and include the years each covered.

How were slaves used by the Maya and the Aztecs?

How were slaves used by the Maya and the Aztecs? Slaves were sometimes used as a sacrifice to the gods. How was the Atlantic slave trade beneficial for merchants in Europe? NOT They had a source of free labor in the slaves they traded for.

How did the Aztecs treat their slaves?

Slaves had the right to marry, to have children, to substitute another individual in their place, and to buy their freedom. Slaveowners were responsible for housing and feeding their slaves, and slaves generally could not be resold.

Why was trade important to Aztecs?

Aztec trade was crucially important to the empire; there could be no empire without it as many goods used by the Aztecs were not produced locally.

What functions do you think the class system served Mayan society?

Maya society, like many others in the world, was based around a class system. A person’s social class determined their rights and opportunities in life, but unlike in many places at this time, there did seem to be a degree of social mobility in Maya cities.

How and why did the Maya develop a stratified society?

During these centuries, the Maya developed a more stratified society with farmers, traders, craftsmen and hunters. They formed a hierarchy with a king at the top supported by a noble class of warriors, scribes and priests. Most Maya were commoners, deeply involved in agriculture and construction.

Which class had the most power in Mayan society?

Priests: The most powerful people in the ancient Maya Empire were not the ruling families; the most powerful were the priests. The common people brought the priests tributes or gifts and provided free manual labor for whatever they needed.

What did the Mayan nobles do?

Maya nobles, known as almehenob, filled the priesthood, or became government officials, court officers, town rulers, scribes, tribute collectors, military leaders and administrators. Their position, as well as their noble heritage, was passed down to their young.