The destruction of the Mycenaean palaces and the Sea-peoples

What caused the destruction of the Mycenaeans?

New study finds: Ancient Mycenaean civilization might have collapsed due to uprising or invasion. For many years, the prevailing theory on how the Mycenaean civilisation collapsed was that devastating earthquakes led to the destruction of its palaces in the Peloponnese, southern Greece around 1,200 BC.

What was the effect of the Mycenaean being destroyed?

Following the destruction of the Mycenaean Palace at Pylos, there is strong evidence that climate conditions became progressively more arid during the LH IIIC period, and pronounced aridity is evident at the very end of the LBA and in the Protogeometric period, before the Mavri Trypa stalagmite stopped growing at 2953± …

Who destroyed the Mycenaean palaces?

It’s unclear what caused the destruction of Mycenae, though theories abound. One of the leading theories holds that Mycenae underwent years of civil strife and social upheaval. Dorians and Heraclids then invaded, sacking all of the Mycenaean strongholds except Athens.

When were the Mycenaean palaces destroyed?

To be sure, some earthquake-type damage is evident in the Mycenaean palaces, but excavations have showed that the cracks were repaired and life continued. However, in 1190/80 the heavily fortified palaces were destroyed once and for all.

What did Mycenaean palaces do?

The Mycenaean palaces proved the wealth of the kings who ruled them. The Palaces included a large meeting hall, called a Megaron, and kings were buried in deep shaft graves along with their riches. Later tombs, called tholos, or beehive tombs, were built with massive stones and covered with earth.

What did the Mycenaeans do?

The Mycenaeans developed trade throughout the Mediterranean. They built large trade ships and traveled to places like Egypt where they traded goods like olive oil and wine for metals and ivory. The Minoan civilization began to weaken around 1450 BC.

How was the palace of Knossos destroyed?

The city of Knossos, and almost every other community centre on Crete, was destroyed by a combination of earthquake and the invading Mycenaeans c. 1450 BCE with only the palace spared. The eruption of the volcano on the nearby island of Thera (Santorini) in c.

What led to the collapse of Mycenaean civilization quizlet?

What led to the collapse of Mycenaean civilization? Wars between the city-states, as well as a series of destructive earthquakes, weakened Mycenae, which fell to greek-speaking invaders.

What eventually happened to the city of Mycenae?

Decline. Mycenae was among of the numerous Aegean sites destroyed as part of the Bronze Age Collapse around 1200 BC. The causes of these destructions are unknown, but proposed explanations include enemy attack, internal strife, and natural disasters such as earthquakes.

What is a Mycenaean palace?

October 2003. Mycenaean is the term applied to the art and culture of Greece from ca. 1600 to 1100 B.C. The name derives from the site of Mycenae in the Peloponnesos, where once stood a great Mycenaean fortified palace. Mycenae is celebrated by Homer as the seat of King Agamemnon, who led the Greeks in the Trojan War.

Why did the Mycenaeans came to power in the mainland and Crete?

Why did the Mycenaeans come to power in the mainland and Crete? They invaded and conquered the lands. 630 BC to 560 BC became famous for his wise political economic reforms. He help merchants and farmers by raising demand for their products.

What were the Mycenaeans known for building?

One of the distinctive features of the Mycenaean architecture is the very large stone blocks which characterize the brilliant fortification structures like the fortifying walls of the Acropolis, the Lion Gate and the Cyclopean walls (the myth says that they were constructed by the Cyclops).

What happened in the Palace of Minos?

In Greek mythology, King Minos dwelt in a palace at Knossos. He had Daedalus construct a labyrinth, a very large maze (by some connected with the double-bladed axe, or labrys) in which to retain his son, the Minotaur. Daedalus also built a dancing floor for Queen Ariadne.

Why is the Palace of Knossos important?

The palace of Knossos was the center of administration of the entire island during Minoan times, and its position as such allowed for unprecedented growth and prosperity as witnessed by the plethora of storage magazines, workshops, and wall paintings.

What is the Palace of Knossos known for?

Apart from its construction and architecture, the Palace of Knossos is most famous for its connection to Greek mythology. Namely, the tale of the Labyrinth and the Minotaur and the one of Daedalus and Icarus.

What do we call the throne room of Mycenaean palaces?

The room of the blood-throne

Also called the “Dome”, it was the central hall of the Megaron, where the throne of the king was situated. In the heart of the palace complex and the far end of a courtyard (after a porch and an anteroom that lead to an imposing double door), a spacious square room sprawled-out.

Why is it called Cyclopean masonry?

The term comes from the belief of classical Greeks that only the mythical Cyclopes had the strength to move the enormous boulders that made up the walls of Mycenae and Tiryns.

What were palaces called in ancient Greece?

megaron, in ancient Greece and the Middle East, architectural form consisting of an open porch, a vestibule, and a large hall with a central hearth and a throne. The megaron was found in all Mycenaean palaces and was also built as part of houses.

What are the scholarly suggestions for why the Mycenaean civilization collapsed?

Suggestions from scholars to explain the general collapse of the Mycenaean culture (and other contemporary ones in the Mediterranean) include natural disaster (earthquakes, volcanic explosions, and tsunami), overpopulation, internal social and political unrest, invasion from foreign tribes such as the Sea Peoples, …

Why is the location of the Mycenaean citadel so important?

Why is the location of the Mycenaean citadel so important? It was in a prime location for trade between the Middle East, Italy and the entire Mediterranean.