What was life like in India before it became a British colony?
Poverty existed in India before the British, thanks in part to constant war, food shortages, and the caste system, but in general Indian society took care of everyone. According to Indian Congress leader Shashi Tharoor, India was once one of the wealthiest countries in the world — and then the British showed up.
How did the British feel about Indian independence?
Many British settlers in India had contempt for the Indians and did not believe they were fit to run their own country. The British government in London favoured some measures to involve Indians in ruling India. However, they were afraid to upset their own settlers.
How was life in India before independence?
Prior to its search for independence, India had never enjoyed the privilege of deciding its own political fate. Even before the British arrived, there were many foreign rulers. However, there were elements that made the British rule different than the previous inhabitants.
How was India treated under British rule?
The British view tended to portray British rule as a charitable exercise – they suffered India’s environment (eg climate, diseases) in order to bring to India good government and economic development (eg railways, irrigation, medicine). Modern admirers of British rule also note these benefits.
Why did UK leave India?
An early symptom of the weakness of the empire was Britain’s withdrawal from India in 1947. During World War Two, the British had mobilised India’s resources for their imperial war effort. They crushed the attempt of Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress to force them to ‘quit India’ in 1942.
What were the positive and negative effects of British rule in India?
Positive: Improved transport, Farming methods, order justice, and education. Negative: Exploitation, destruction of local industry, deforestation, and famine.
Was there any positive impact of British rule in India?
Positive Impact: Some positive impact of the British rule in India were the introduction of the railways, post and telegraph system for masses, introduction of Western sceinces and the English language.
What were the negative effects of British rule in India?
They suffered poverty, malnutrition, disease, cultural upheaval, economic exploitation, political disadvantage, and systematic programmes aimed at creating a sense of social and racial inferiority.
What did the British ignore?
In American history, salutary neglect was the British Crown policy of avoiding strict enforcement of parliamentary laws, especially trade laws, as long as British colonies remained loyal to the government of, and contributed to the economic growth of their parent country, England, in the 18th century.
How did British exploit India?
The British officers exploited Indians in many ways. They imposed heavy taxes on Indians farmers and reduced import duty on goods manufactured in England and imported to India. Even they cut the thumbs of expert artisans.
How did the British try to remove social evils from India give three example?
The British tried to eradicate social evils from India mainly by passing various Acts. For example, the Sati was declared as illegal by an Act passed in 1829.
What was the impact of British colonialism on the Indian society?
The British rule introduced the railways, the press, and the western system of education, clubs and associations all of which shook the prevalent socio-economic order. But the processes of exploitation unleashed by them destroyed the possibilities of development of industries and a modern economic system in India.
What was the social impact of the Company rule in India?
Answer. Answer: Social Impact: Equality before the law: British introduced uniform laws in all the Indian territories under their direct control. … Thus, they denied traditional social privileges to the upper castes and helped reduce caste discrimination in Indian society.
Was British imperialism in India more positive or negative for the Indians?
British imperialism caused some negative effects on India through poverty and persecution, but retained more of a positive impact due to its massive improvements in the modernization of India and the overall improvement of Indian civilization.
Were there any positive contribution made by the Britishers in India before independence?
Yes, there were various positive contributions made by the British in India. Contributions such as introduction of railways, introduction of commercialization of agriculture, development of infrastructure and introduction of free trade.