Were the Hashemite kings of Iraq and Transjordan considered foreign?

Is Transjordan a part of Palestine?

In March 1921, Britain offered Emir Abdullah, the grandfather of King Hussein, the governance of the area east of the Jordan River, which became known as Transjordan – the area across the Jordan from Palestine – and this area was considered thereafter as separate from Palestine.

Why did Britain create Transjordan?

On 21 March 1921, the Foreign and Colonial office legal advisers decided to introduce Article 25 into the Mandate for Palestine, which brought Transjordan under the Palestine mandate and stated that in that territory, Britain could ‘postpone or withhold’ those articles of the Mandate concerning a Jewish national home.

When did Transjordan become independent?

On May 25, 1923, the British recognized Transjordan’s independence under the rule of Emir Abdullah, but, as outlined in a treaty as well as the constitution in 1928, matters of finance, military, and foreign affairs would remain in the hands of a British “resident.” Full independence was finally achieved after World …

When did Transjordan become Jordan?

Two months later, on May 25, 1946, the Transjordanian parliament proclaimed Abdullah king, while officially changing the name of the country from the Emirate of Transjordan to the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan.

Why was Transjordan called Transjordan?

Name. The prefix trans- is Latin and means “across” or beyond, and so “Transjordan” refers to the land on the other side of the Jordan River. The equivalent term for the west side is the Cisjordan – literally, “on this side of the [River] Jordan”.

How was Transjordan made as a British Mandate?

The territory of the British Mandate included land on both sides of the Jordan River, encompassing the present-day countries of Israel and Jordan. About 77% of this Mandate was east of the river Jordan River, and in 1921, Great Britain created there a separate administrative entity called Transjordan.

Does Palestine have a state?

Palestine (Arabic: فلسطين, romanized: Filasṭīn), officially the State of Palestine (دولة فلسطين, Dawlat Filasṭīn), is a de jure sovereign state in Western Asia.
State of Palestine.

State of Palestine دولة فلسطين‎ (Arabic) Dawlat Filasṭīn
Legislature National Council
• Declaration of Independence 15 November 1988

Who were the Transjordan tribes?

According to the Hebrew Bible, Ammon and Moab were nations that occupied parts of Transjordan in ancient times. According to Genesis, (19:37–38), Ammon and Moab were descendants of Lot by Lot’s two daughters, in the aftermath of the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah.

How did Jordan get its borders?

In 1925 Britain and Ibn Saud signed the Treaty of Hadda, which created a border between Jordan and Saudi territory consisting of six straight lines. Crucially, this border gave Transjordan an short outlet on the Gulf of Aqaba. The border was later confirmed by the 1927 Treaty of Jeddah.

Why did Britain give Palestine to Israel?

In 1917, in order to win Jewish support for Britain’s First World War effort, the British Balfour Declaration promised the establishment of a Jewish national home in Ottoman-controlled Palestine.

Why did the League of Nations issue the Mandate for Palestine?

The objective of the mandates over former territories of Ottoman Empire was to provide “administrative advice and assistance by a Mandatory until such time as they are able to stand alone”.

Was Iraq a British colony?

With the admission of Iraq into the League of Nations, Britain terminates its mandate over the Arab nation, making Iraq independent after 17 years of British rule and centuries of Ottoman rule.

Does Ireland support Palestine?

Although both houses of the Irish parliament passed the motion to recognise the state of Palestine, the Government wishes to do this as part of a wider EU move, which has been criticised by Irish TDs. As of 2021, Ireland does not recognise the state of Palestine.

Does Palestine have legal personality?

Until Palestine can act independently of Israel’s rule, it cannot be considered a de facto state. Yet, Palestine argues that it has obtained de jure statehood. While it is true that a number of states have recognized Palestine as a state, legally it is still not considered one.

What country controls the Gaza Strip?


Israel controls the Gaza Strip’s northern borders, as well as its territorial waters and airspace. Egypt controls Gaza Strip’s southern border, under an agreement between it and Israel.

What is the issue between Israel and Palestine?

On Jerusalem, the plan stated that “the general principle is that Arab areas are Palestinian and that Jewish areas are Israeli.” The holy sites were to be split on the basis that Palestinians would have sovereignty over the Temple Mount/Noble sanctuary, while the Israelis would have sovereignty over the Western Wall.

How much land has Israel taken from Palestine?

“Israel now controls around 27,000 cubic meters of land, accounting for 85% of historical Palestine,” the PCBS said. The bureau accused Israel of exploiting the classification of the occupied West Bank into Area A, B and C under the Oslo Accords. “The Israeli army is exploiting around 76% of land in Area C,” it said.

Who Owns the West Bank and Gaza Strip?

Presently, most of the West Bank is administered by Israel though 42% of it is under varying degrees of autonomous rule by the Fatah-run Palestinian Authority. The Gaza Strip is currently under the control of Hamas.

Does Palestine belong to Israel?

Palestine, area of the eastern Mediterranean region, comprising parts of modern Israel and the Palestinian territories of the Gaza Strip (along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea) and the West Bank (west of the Jordan River).

Is Israel and Palestine the same country?

“Israel” is the name of a state which was established in Palestine in 1948 for the Jewish people. Both names are ancient in origin. Another term, the “Palestinian territories,” refers to areas of Palestine known as the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.

Does Israel have a right to the West Bank?

Israel claims historical and religious rights to the West Bank as the ancestral land of the Jewish people. It also says its presence there – especially in the Jordan Valley – is strategically vital for its self-defence.

Is Bethlehem part of Israel?

After the Six-Day War of 1967, it was part of the Israeli-occupied territory of the West Bank. In 1995 Israel ceded control of Bethlehem to the newly established Palestinian Authority in preparation for a two-state solution. Bethlehem is an agricultural market and trade town that is closely linked to nearby Jerusalem.

Is the Gaza Strip part of Israel?

The West Bank and the Gaza Strip are territories that have been under Israel’s occupation since 1967. A look at the issues surrounding the two regions.

How safe is Israel?

As for other forms of crime, Israel is very safe to travel to, it even has one of the lowest crime rates in the world and is much safer, in terms of street crime, than other top destinations in Europe. Crimes such as mugging and violence happen rarely and even more so towards tourists, so you are safe to walk at night.

Why is it called occupied territory?

Overview. The significance of the designation of these territories as occupied territory is that certain legal obligations fall on the occupying power under international law.

Is Jerusalem in Israel or Palestine?

While Israel’s claim to sovereignty over West Jerusalem is more widely accepted by the international community, its claim to sovereignty over East Jerusalem is regarded as illegitimate, and East Jerusalem is consequently recognized by the United Nations as Palestinian territory that is occupied by Israel.

What is the true capital of Israel?

In 1980, Israel passed the Jerusalem Law, which declared that “Jerusalem, complete and united, is the capital of Israel”.

What is Jerusalem called in Arabic?

اَلْـقُـدْس al-Quds

Who originally owned Jerusalem?

The Ottoman Empire

Jerusalem was divided during the first 20 years of Israel’s existence. Israel controlled the Western portions of it, while Jordan controlled East Jerusalem. After the 1967 Six-Day War, Israel seized all of Jerusalem.

Who founded Judaism?


According to the text, God first revealed himself to a Hebrew man named Abraham, who became known as the founder of Judaism. Jews believe that God made a special covenant with Abraham and that he and his descendants were chosen people who would create a great nation.

Who lived in Jerusalem before the Israelites?

3,000 to 2,500 B.C. — The city on the hills separating the fertile Mediterranean coastline of present-day Israel from the arid deserts of Arabia was first settled by pagan tribes in what was later known as the land of Canaan. The Bible says the last Canaanites to rule the city were the Jebusites.