What did the administrators of secularized California missions do?

Between 1834 and 1836, the Mexican government confiscated California mission properties and exiled the Franciscan friars. The missions were secularized–broken up and their property sold or given away to private citizens. Secularization was supposed to return the land to the Indians.

What did they do at the mission?

The missions created new communities where the Native Americans received religious education and instruction. The Spanish established pueblos (towns) and presidios (forts) for protection. The natives lived in the missions until their religious training was complete.

What was the role of Spanish missions in California?

The Alta California missions, known as reductions (reducciones) or congregations (congregaciones), were settlements founded by the Spanish colonizers of the New World with the purpose of totally assimilating indigenous populations into European culture and the Catholic religion.

Why were California missions secularized?

Mexico feared Spain would continue to have influence and power in California because most of the Spanish missions in California remained loyal to the Roman Catholic Church in Spain. As the new Mexican republic matured, calls for the secularization (“disestablishment”) of the missions increased.

What did the Spanish priests do at the missions?

Once the bare essentials of a mission community had been established, the priests usually requested military protection. The Spanish crown then sent soldiers to establish a military outpost near the mission. Over the years, many missions grew into thriving farming, religious, and commercial complexes.

Who started the missions in California?

Father Junípero Serra

Father Junípero Serra, a Spanish Franciscan missionary, founds the first Catholic mission in California on the site of present-day San Diego. After Serra blessed his new outpost of Christianity in a high mass, the royal standard of Spain was unfurled over the mission, which he named San Diego de Alcala.

What were the goals of the California missions quizlet?

What was the purpose of the missions? Spanish rulers wanted to increase their power and wealth, and to keep countries such as Russia, out of Alta, California. You just studied 12 terms!

What role did the missions serve in Spanish America?

The missions served as agencies of the Church and State to spread the faith to natives and also to pacify them for the State’s aims.

What is the purpose of a Spanish mission?

Spanish missions were explicitly established for the purpose of religious conversion and instruction in the Catholic faith. However, the mission system actually served as the primary means of integrating Indians into the political and economic structure of Florida’s colonial system.

How was the mission system organized?

How was the Spanish mission system in Alta California Organized? at the missions, priest worked to create loyal Spanish subjects. They moved California Indians into the missions, taught them to be Christians, and showed them European ways. What is the difference between a Presidio and a Pueblo?

What was life like in the California missions quizlet?

They began with sunrise mass, morning prayers and religious teaching. Workers were given tasks for the day after lunch. Lunch was at 11 AM and then a siesta a rest/nap. Then three more hours of work followed by prayers before supper.

What were the goals of California missions how did indigenous peoples resist during the time period of the missions be sure to provide specific examples?

The main goals of the California missions were to convert Native Americans to devoted Spanish citizens and Christians. Spain aimed to influence Native Americans through religious and cultural instruction. Indigenous people often resisted the California missions.

In what ways were the California missions self sufficient?

Missions were self-sufficient. They made and grew everything they needed for the mission’s survival. How did the missionaries convert the Native Americans? Why did Spain send soldiers to Alta California?

Why are the missions important to California history?

The Spanish missions in California got started because of the King of Spain. He wanted to create permanent settlements in the area of the New World. The Spanish wanted to take control of Alta California (which means Upper California in Spanish).

Why did the Spanish establish missions in California quizlet?

Why did the Spanish establish missions in California? They were intended to serve as places of religious conversion and economic productivity.

How did the Spanish use missions during colonization?

The missions served as agencies of the Church and State to spread the faith to natives and also to pacify them for the State’s aims.

Why were the missions in San Antonio so successful?

San Antonio is an area rich in Spanish Colonial history. It s mild climate and resources clear springs and streams, fertile soil, and diverse game animals were a powerful attractant to the Spaniards much as it pulled native peoples to the area for thousands of years before.

How did Spanish colonists acquire workers through the Repartimiento system?

Answer: Repartimiento was a colonial forced labor system. It was imposed on the indigenous people of Spanish America and the Philippines. … In the repartimiento system, the natives were forced for paid and unpaid labor for a specified period of time in Spanish farms, mines, public projects, and workshops.

Why was the repartimiento system created?

The first repartimiento system started in 1499, shortly after the arrival of the first Spaniards to the Americas. Initially, the repartimiento system was not an established law — rather it was a way to get the labor needed to make the colonies economically successful.

What did Spanish colonists build in the Americas to help convert people to Catholicism?

Answer: Spanish colonists built missions in the Americas to help convert people to Catholicism. Spanish colonists built missions in the Americas to help convert people to Catholicism. This answer has been confirmed as correct and helpful.

Who did the colonizers use for labor in the mines and agriculture originally?

Initially, indentured servants, who were mostly from England (and sometimes from Africa), and enslaved African and (less often) Indigenous people to work the land. Indentured servants were contracted to work four- to seven-year terms without pay for passage to the colony, room, and board.

What was the repartimiento system which was implemented in the Caribbean by the Spaniards?

repartimiento, (Spanish: “partition,” “distribution”) also called mita, or cuatequil, in colonial Spanish America, a system by which the crown allowed certain colonists to recruit indigenous peoples for forced labour.

Which 3 major European countries explored and colonized the Americas?

Britain, France, Spain, and the Netherlands established colonies in North America. Each country had different motivations for colonization and expectations about the potential benefits.

How did colonial economies in the Americas rely on the introduction of new systems of labor?

Newly developed colonial economies in the Americas largely depended on agriculture, utilized existing labor systems, including the Incan mit’a, and introduced new labor systems including chattel slavery, indentured servitude, and encomienda and hacienda systems.

What was the economy like in Colonial America?

Whatever early colonial prosperity there was resulted from trapping and trading in furs. In addition, the fishing industry was a primary source of wealth in Massachusetts. But throughout the colonies, people relied primarily on small farms and self-sufficiency.

What is an effect of slavery that influenced Latin America today?

What is one effect of slavery that influences Latin America today? Many people there have ancestors from Africa. What is the most common religion in Latin America and why? Roman Catholic because of the influence of Spain and Portugal.

How did the post 1450 economic order affect the social economic and political elites?

Colonial economies in the Americas depended on a range of coerced labor. How did the post-1450 economic order affect the social, economic, and political elites? As new social and political elites changed, they also restructured new ethnic, racial, and gender hierarchies.

How did economic developments from 1450 to 1750 affect social structures?

Explain how economic developments from 1450 to 1750 affected social structures over time. In the period of 1450 to 1750, the economic systems related to the Triangular Trade affected the social structures by creating New World European social hierarchical systems in both the British and Spanish colonies.

How did rulers make sure that their governmental were well run?

I.D How did rulers make sure that their governmental were well run? Visual displays of political power. (such as monumental architecture, urban plans, courtly literature or visual arts) helped legitimize and support rulers.

What were the two major changes in the world between the years 1450 to 1750?

Key Takeaways — AP World History Period 2 (1450-1750)

New diseases, crops, people, and cultures were distributed throughout the world. Technological improvements in shipbuilding and gunpowder weapons allowed European empires to form and exercise a more prominent role in world affairs, eventually leading to colonialism.

How did rulers legitimize and consolidate power in the Safavid empire?

* Safavid rulers used a variety of methods to legitimize and consolidate their power. – The shah claimed absolute political and religious power as a descendant of Ali (used Twelver Shi’ism to gain legitimacy). – Rulers established their own slave armies (recruited from Russian boys) armed with gunpowder weapons.

What were the effects of the development of state power from 1450 to 1750?

Explain (Describe) the effects of the development of state power from 1450-1750. –State expansion and centralization led to resistance from an array of social, political, and economic groups on a local level. -Slave resistance challenged existing authorities in the Americas.