What is the difference between NKVD and OGPU (USSR)

For most purposes there is no difference. The NKVD was effectively the successor to the OGPU, following a reorganisation in 1934.

What was OGPU and NKVD?

OGPU was the secret police of the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1934. It was after the Cheka and before the NKVD. Its official name was the Joint State Political Directorate.

What was OGPU and NKVD at the time of Russian revolution?

The functions of the OGPU (the secret police organization) were transferred to the NKVD in 1934, giving it a monopoly over law enforcement activities that lasted until the end of World War II. During this period, the NKVD included both ordinary public order activities, as well as secret police activities.

When did the OGPU become the NKVD?


In 1934 the OGPU was absorbed into the new NKVD (People’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs), which helped Stalin to consolidate his power by carrying out purges (see Great Purge).

What is the difference between the KGB and the NKVD?

The most important difference was chronological one, as NKVD and KGB never existed in the same time under such names. Bu the history of the Soviet organizations responsible for internal affairs was quite turbulent and might require additional explanation.

What is Russian OGPU?

Ogpu. / (ˈɒɡpuː) / noun. the Soviet police and secret police from 1923 to 1934.

What does NKVD stand for in Russian?

from Russian Narodny komissariat vnutrennikh del People’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs.

What does NKVD stand for in between shades of gray?

NKVD stands for Narodnyy Komissariat Vnutrennikh Del, a romanized version of the original Russian Cyrillic.

What is Russian secret police called?

From the beginning of their regime, the Bolsheviks relied on a strong secret, or political, police to buttress their rule. The first secret police, called the Cheka, was established in December 1917 as a temporary institution to be abolished once Vladimir Lenin and the Bolsheviks had consolidated their power.

Does the NKVD still exist?

July 10, 1934: NKVD of the Russian SFSR ceases to exist and transforms into the all-union NKVD of the USSR; OGPU becomes GUGB (“Main Directorate for State Security”) in the all-union NKVD.

What does NKVD mean in English?

People’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs

NKVD in British English
abbreviation for. (formerly) People’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs: the Soviet police and secret police from 1934 to 1943: the police from 1943 to 1946.

What country was formerly known as the USSR?

The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (also known as the USSR or the Soviet Union) consisted of Russia and 14 surrounding countries. The USSR’s territory stretched from the Baltic states in Eastern Europe to the Pacific Ocean, including the majority of northern Asia and portions of central Asia.

Do Lina and Andrius get married?

Though Andrius and Lina are separated after Lina and her family are moved from the first camp, Lina’s letter in the epilogue shows that the two survived, reconnected, and eventually married.

Is between shades of GREY a true story?

Based on the true stories of Baltic citizens, Between Shades of Gray is a detailed, riveting, and thought-provoking story of the terrors that the Baltic people faced during WWII under Stalin. In 1939, the Soviet Union occupied Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania and annexed them as part of the USSR.