What is the oldest archaeological source which mentions a name of a specific place?

What is the oldest known archaeological site?

In 2012, following several decades of research and excavations, researchers revealed that humans were living in Theopetra Cave over 135,000 years ago, making it the oldest archaeological site in the world. The research team led by Ν.

What is the oldest archaeological site in the UK?

The Fiver – Five of the Oldest Archaeological Sites in Britain

  • Flag Fen (Bronze Age) Flag Fen Archaeology Park is a Bronze Age settlement that existed over 3,000 years ago. …
  • Danebury (Iron Age) Hampshire is home to the Iron Age hill fort known as Danebury. …
  • Vindolanda (Roman) …
  • Sutton Hoo (Anglo-Saxon)

What is the oldest Neolithic site in the world?

Somewhere around 3600 B.C. the ancient temples of Ġgantija were built on Gozo Island in Malta, among the oldest Neolithic structures in the world.

Which are the four types of archaeological sources?

There are four types of archaeological sources: inscriptions, monuments, artefacts and coins.

Which is the oldest archaeological site in India?

Forest discovery site, between Delhi and Gurgaon, will now be protected.

Which of the following is the oldest archaeological site or place in South Asia?

The correct answer is Mehrgarh. Mehrgarh (6500 to 5500 BC) is one of the oldest Neolithic sites in South Asia.

What is the oldest historical site in England?

Stonehenge. One of the country’s first world heritage sites, the grounds of Stonehenge are said to be filled with over 5,000 years of history.

What is the oldest site in Britain?

Amesbury in Wiltshire confirmed as oldest UK settlement

  • A Wiltshire town has been confirmed as the longest continuous settlement in the United Kingdom.
  • Amesbury, including Stonehenge, has been continually occupied since 8820BC, experts have found.

What is the oldest artifact in the world?

The stone tools unearthed at Lomekwi 3, an archaeological site in Kenya, are the oldest artifacts in the world. These stone tools are about 3.3 million years old, long before Homo sapiens (humans) showed up.

Where is Burzahom located today?

The Neolithic Site of Burzahom, in the district of Srinagar, India brings to light transitions in human habitation patterns from Neolithic Period to Megalithic period to the early Historic period.

When did archaeologists discover Mehrgarh?


The site was discovered in 1974 by an archaeological team led by the French archaeologists Jean-François Jarrige and his wife, Catherine Jarrige. Mehrgarh was excavated continuously between 1974 and 1986, and again from .

How old is Mehrgarh?

“Mehrgarh is one of the ancient civilisations of the world, dating back 11,000 years,” he claims, adding, “it is older than the Egyptian and Mesopotamian civilisations.”

What is the oldest landmark in the world?

Dating back to 3600 BC and 700 BC, the Megalithic Temples of Malta are considered to be the oldest free-standing structures on earth. The temples were built during three phases of cultural revolution – Ġgantija (3600-3200BC), Saflieni (3300-3000BC) and Tarxien (3150BC-2500BC).

What is the oldest artifact found in the UK?

The stone tools were unearthed from sediments that are thought to have been laid down either 840,000 or 950,000 years ago, making them the oldest human artefacts ever found in Britain.

Is Stonehenge the oldest in UK?

Radiocarbon dating suggests that the first bluestones were raised between 2400 and 2200 BC, although they may have been at the site as early as 3000 BC. One of the most famous landmarks in the United Kingdom, Stonehenge is regarded as a British cultural icon.

Region Europe and North America

Is Stonehenge older than the pyramids?

Estimated as being erected in 3100 BC, Stonehenge was already 500-1,000 years old before the first pyramid was built.

What’s under Stonehenge?

Scientists discovered the site using sophisticated techniques to see underground. Among the discoveries are 17 ritual monuments, including the remains of a massive “house of the dead,” hundreds of burial mounds, and evidence of a possible processional route around Stonehenge itself.

Can I touch Stonehenge?

Stonehenge is protected under the Ancient Monuments and Archaelogical Areas Act and you must adhere to the regulations outlined in the act or face criminal prosecution. No person may touch, lean against, stand on or climb the stones, or disturb the ground in any way.

Who bought Stonehenge for his wife?

A hundred years ago today, a British lawyer made an unexpected impulse buy. On September 21, 1915, a British barrister named Cecil Chubb went to an auction in Salisbury, Wiltshire. He did not come home with the item his wife had requested. Rather, on a whim, he bought Stonehenge.

How was Stonehenge destroyed?

Road workers have been accused of damaging a 6,000-year-old site near Stonehenge as part of preparations for a controversial tunnel. Highways England engineers monitoring water levels dug the 3.5 metre deep bore hole through the prehistoric platform.

Who built Stonehenge?

According to folklore, Stonehenge was created by Merlin, the wizard of Arthurian legend, who magically transported the massive stones from Ireland, where giants had assembled them. Another legend says invading Danes put the stones up, and another theory says they were the ruins of a Roman temple.

Why was Stonehenge knocked down?

They dug a shelter for themselves against the stone and this was enough to weaken the foundations and bring it down a couple of years later.

What city is Stonehenge in?

Stonehenge, prehistoric stone circle monument, cemetery, and archaeological site located on Salisbury Plain, about 8 miles (13 km) north of Salisbury, Wiltshire, England.

Are dogs allowed in Stonehenge?

Dogs. Assistance dogs are welcome throughout, including the Stone Circle. Dogs on leads are allowed around the visitor centre. Animals are not permitted at the Stone Circle, exhibition, or visitor bus.

Where is England?

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. England is situated north-west of the European continent. England shares land boundary with Wales in the west, Scotland in the north. Irish Sea bounds England in the northwest and the North Sea in the north.

Can I visit Stonehenge for free?

To be clear, there is absolutely nothing illegal about visiting Stonehenge without paying for a ticket. There is a heritage trail placed by the government which is free to use and leads directly to the attraction. This is the trail which is free to use and will take you alongside the ticketed path for Stonehenge.

Is Stonehenge lit up at night?

English Heritage, which manages Stonehenge, says it was lit up at night for a period in the 1970s and early 1980s but that was stopped due to an increase in road accidents caused by cars and lorries slowing down to have a look.

When did they stop you touching Stonehenge?


Eventually, Stonehenge was turned over to the nation, and visitors’ access was restricted. As visitorship increased, the grass in the center of the stones died from being trampled by 815,000 people each year. In 1977, the stones were roped off so people couldn’t climb on them any longer.

How was Stonehenge built?

To erect a stone, people dug a large hole with a sloping side. The back of the hole was lined with a row of wooden stakes. The stone was then moved into position and hauled upright using plant fibre ropes and probably a wooden A-frame. Weights may have been used to help tip the stone upright.

How many stones are in Stonehenge 2021?

The one remaining stone from the entrance (the so-called ‘slaughter stone’) was originally upright. 83 – the total number of stones remaining at the Stonehenge site. 43 – the number of bluestones that remain at Stonehenge.

Could we build Stonehenge today?

In addition to advanced construction equipment, winches and steel cables would be used today. However, some things that were used to build this Megalithic structure are still commonly used: plenty of manual labor, simple wooden tools, and good old physics.