What was the official policy of British administration about the integration of Indian Princely States in 1947?

How were princely states integrated into India?

Through a combination of factors, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and V. P. Menon coerced and coalesced the rulers of the various princely states to accede to India.

What were the integration of princely states?

The Indian Independence Act of 1947 gave princely states an option to accede to the newly born dominions India or Pakistan or continue as an independent sovereign state. At that time more than 500 princely states have covered 48 percent of the area of pre Independent India and constituted 28% of its population.

What was the provision for the princely states in the Indian Independence Act of 1947?

According to the Indian Independence Act, the Princely States would become independent and the powers earlier wielded by the British colonial government would be terminated. From August 15, 1947, all treaties and agreements made by the British with the Princely States would stand cancelled.

Under which system were the princely states part of the British Empire in India?

A princely state, also called a native state, feudatory state or Indian state (for those states on the subcontinent), was a vassal state under a local or indigenous or regional ruler in a subsidiary alliance with the East India Company and after 1858 with the British Crown.

What do you know about the integration of the princely states of Junagarh and Hyderabad into the Indian Union?

Operation Polo was the code name of the Hyderabad “police action” in September 1948, by the then newly independent Dominion of India against Hyderabad State.It was a military operation in which the Indian Armed Forces invaded the Nizam-ruled princely state, annexing it into the Indian Union.

How was the princely state of Junagadh integrated into the Indian Union?

A plebiscite was held on 20 February 1948, in which all but 91 out of 190,870 who voted (from an electorate of 201,457) voted to join India, i.e. 99.95% of the population voted to join India.

What was the approach of the government of India towards the princely states immediately after the partition of India in 1947?

Government Approaches Government took forward step and negotiated with the Princely State ruler and saw that the people of these states wanted to become a part of the Indian Union. Then government adopted flexible diplomacy and gave autonomy to some states.

Why was there a need of integration of India?

National Integration keeps the entire country strong, despite the differences in culture, language and main livelihood A country like India has people from different cultures, languages and races. National Integration helps in keeping the stability of the country and helps in the development.

What was the state of the princely states when the British left India Class 9?

562 princely States

When the British left India, there were 562 princely States in India. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel took charge of the states department in July 1947.

How was the merger of Hyderabad and Junagadh with the Indian Union brought about discuss in brief?

In 1947, upon the independence and partition of India, the last Babi dynasty ruler of the state, Muhammad Mahabat Khanji III, decided to merge Junagadh into the newly formed Pakistan. In 1807, Junagarh became a British protectorate and the East India Company took control of the state. …

Why did citizens of Junagadh revolt against their Nawab?

Answer: The unsettled conditions in Junagadh had led to a cessation of all trade with India and the food position became precarious. With the region in crisis, the Nawab, fearing for his life, felt forced to flee to Karachi with his family and his followers, and there he established a provisional government.

Who was Junagadh merged in Indian Union?

Nawab of Junagadh state was thinking of joining Pakistan. Majority of people were keen on joining the Indian Union. When people revolted against Nawab, he fled to Pakistan. Sardar Patel merged the state with Indian Union through public opinion.

What was the policy of government regarding integration of princely states India 12?

The government’s approach was guided by three considerations: (i) The people of most of the Princely States clearly wanted to become part of the Indian Union. (ii) The government was prepared to be flexible in giving autonomy to some regions.

What was government approach towards the integration of princely state was based on three consideration?

The government’s approach was guided by three considerations. Firstly, the people of most of the princely states clearly wanted to become part of the Indian union. Secondly, the government was prepared to be flexible in giving autonomy to some regions.

What three considerations guided the government’s approach to the princely states Class 12?

7. The government’s approach was based on three considerations i.e. will of integration of people of princely states, a flexible approach to accommodate plurality and demands of region and concern about integrity of India with peaceful negotiations in a firm diplomatic manner by Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.

What were three challenges India faced after independence Class 12?

There were problems of poverty, unemployment, rehabilitation of people, harmony among people and establishing democracy but freedom has given an opportunity to solve them.

What were the three challenges that independent India faced?

The nation has faced religious violence, casteism, naxalism, terrorism and regional separatist insurgencies.

Which leaders played their main role in nation building?

Sardar Patel, India’s Deputy Prime Minister and the Home Minister during the crucial period, immediately after Independence, played a historic role in negotiating with the rulers of Princely States in bringing most of them into the Indian Union.

What led the policy makers to reduce the importance of India’s economy from 1980 onwards?

Such lack of public faith led the policy-makers to reduce the importance of the state in India’s economy from the 1980 onwards.

Which of the following leaders played a vital role in the integration of princely states with India?

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the first home minister of the independent India, played a key role in unifying and giving shape to the Indian Union. He brought the princely states under the Union of India.

Who advanced the two nation theory?

Thus, many Pakistanis describe modernist and reformist scholar Syed Ahmad Khan (1817–1898) as the architect of the two-nation theory.

What policy was adopted by Sir Syed Ahmed Khan?

To hasten the cordial relations of British with the Muslims sir Syed Ahmad khan encouraged Muslims to take more active part in the British services and acquaint themselves with the western education in order that they would be able to understand the western cultures and civilisations in better way.

What was the basic reason of Two-Nation Theory that Sir Syed Ahmad Khan proposed it?


The possibly main reason for which Sir Syed introduced this theory is the downfall of Muslims, Muslims Hindus controversy, language problem, and the hatred by Hindus and British upon Muslims of South Asia.

What was two states theory who proposed it?

Two-Nation Theory a political doctrine rationalizing the division of India politically into two independent nations’ India and Pakistan. The concept was propounded by Muhammad Ali Jinnah in the 1940s on the eve of the winding up of the British rule in India.

What is the basic idea behind the two nation theory?

“Two-Nation Theory” refers to the thesis that Hindus and Muslims in India were two distinct communities that could not coexist within a single state without dominating and discriminating against the other or without constant conflict; it resulted in the 1947 Partition of India and Pakistan.

Who said India is not one but two nations?

The correct answer is option 2 i.e Mohammad Iqbal. Mohammad Iqbal: He has been called the “Spiritual Father of Pakistan”. He has been named as the National Poet of Pakistan.

How did the two nation theory emerge?

Origin of Two-National Theory

The origin of the Two-Nation Theory is traced to the post-1857 Indian Revolt times. It were both the Hindus and Muslims who rebelled together against the British with an aim to drive them out of India.

Was the Two-Nation Theory the most important contribution of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan?

Sir Syed was the first person to express this point of view and it became known as the Two Nation Theory that gave hope to Muslims of a separate homeland. However he contributed many other things. He attempted to improve the position of Muslims through education. In 1863 he founded the Scientific Society at Ghazipore.

Why was Two-Nation Theory important?

Importance of Two Nation Theory

The Two-Nation Theory served as the basis of demand for Pakistan by the Muslims in British India. There are two major nations in British India. The Muslims are not a community but a nation with a distinctive history, heritage, culture, civilization, and future aspirations.

What was the immediate outcome of Two-Nation Theory?

The immediate outcome of the two nation theory was partition of the country.

Who proposed two-nation theory class 12?

The two nation theory was given by Muhammad Ali Jinnah.

Who among the following leader of the National Movement strongly opposed the two-nation theory?

Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan, the undisputed leader of the North Western Frontier Province and known as ‘Frontier Gandhi’, was staunchly opposed to the two-nation theory.