What were Mohammad Reza Shah contributions to the modernization of Iran?
During Reza Shah’s sixteen years of rule, major developments, such as large road construction projects and the Trans-Iranian Railway were built, modern education was introduced and the University of Tehran, the first Iranian university, was established.
How did Mohammad Reza Shah modernize Iran?
From 1960 to 1963 Mohammad Reza carried out a national development program called the White Revolution, which expanded transportation networks, fostered dam and irrigation projects, helped eradicate disease, boosted literacy, and encouraged industrial growth and land reform.
Did the shah modernize Iran?
White Revolution, aggressive modernization program implemented in Iran in 1963 and continued until 1979. The reforms, undertaken by Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, upended the wealth and influence of the traditional landowning classes, altered rural economies, and led to rapid urbanization and Westernization.
Why did Iran want the Shah back?
In Tehran, Islamic militants responded on November 4 by storming the U.S. embassy and taking the staff hostage. With the approval of Khomeini, the militants demanded the return of the shah to Iran to stand trial for his crimes.
Why was Mohammad Reza Shah overthrown?
Reza Shah was deposed in 1941 by an invasion of allied British and Soviet troops who believed him to be sympathetic with the allies’ enemy Nazi Germany. In fact Reza Shah could not trust allied forces due to long history of British and Russian interference, separating parts of Iran and contracts exploiting Iran.
Which of the following was an outcome of the Iranian Revolution?
Iranian Revolution, also called Islamic Revolution, Persian Enqelāb-e Eslāmī, popular uprising in Iran in 1978–79 that resulted in the toppling of the monarchy on February 11, 1979, and led to the establishment of an Islamic republic.
When was Reza Shah overthrown?
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (Persian: محمدرضا پهلوی, pronounced [mohæmˈmæd reˈzɒː pæhlæˈviː]; 26 October 1919 – 27 July 1980), also known as Mohammad Reza Shah (محمدرضا شاه), was the last Shah (King/Sultan) of the Imperial State of Iran from 16 September 1941 until his overthrow in the Iranian Revolution on 11 February 1979.
Was the Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi a good leader?
Reza Shah Pahlavi’s actions to strengthen and reconstitute Iran under a strong government, bolstered by a disciplined military, were largely successful after he gathered the reins of power during the early 1920s.
How did the government change after the Iranian Revolution?
The revolution led to the establishment of a parliament, the National Consultative Assembly (also known as the Majlis), and approval of the first constitution. Although the constitutional revolution was successful in weakening the autocracy of the Qajar regime, it failed to provide a powerful alternative government.
Which of the following was an outcome of the Iranian Revolution quizlet?
(The revolution of 1979 ended the westernization and modernization of Iran, and set up a traditional government and society based upon the Koran.)
What was the outcome of the Iranian Revolution in 1978 quizlet?
(1978-1979) a revolution against the shah of Iran led by the Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, which resulted in Iran becoming an Islamic republic with Khomeini as its leader, the revolution that transformed Iran from a monarchy under Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi to an Islamic republic under Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, …
What changes to society occurred after the Iranian Revolution?
In the early 1960s the shah suspended the parliament and launched an aggressive modernization program known as the White Revolution, which included increased emancipation of women, reduced religious education, and a populist land reform law that upset the existing aristocracy.
How did the shah rule in Iran?
Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, commonly referred to as “the Shah,” governed Iran from 1953 through 1979 as a secular and authoritarian rule.. The Shah rose to power after his father was forced to step down, and the Shah’s relationship with the U.S. flourished over time.
What were the effects of the Iranian Revolution?
Outcomes. A referendum was held in April of 1979, and Iranians voted overwhelmingly to establish an Islamic Republic. A new constitution was adopted, and Ayatollah Khomeini became the Supreme Leader of the Republic of Iran.
What were the causes and consequences of the Iranian Revolution?
Islamic revolutionary protestors turned out by the hundreds of thousands and eventually drove the Shah from power. Iran was alienated from all of the western countries, including the US. Women’s rights drastically reduced. The monarchy was destroyed and religious leaders took long term control of the country.
What were the causes of the Iranian Revolution quizlet?
Causes of the 1979 Iranian Revolution
- Opposition of shah.
- Western Dependence.
- Freedom Movement.
- Religious Demonstrations.
What were the two outcomes of the Islamic Revolution?
What were the two outcomes of the Islamic Revolution? The girls had to wear a veil and the boys and girls were separated at school. You just studied 18 terms!
How does the Shah attempt to appease the people why did he fail quizlet?
The Shah attempts to appease the people by saying that he understands the revolt and that he will try to move Iran into a democracy. He failed because he couldn’t accept delegating his power (implied) and would refuse every prime minister with a reason that was 0% related to their ability to be a prime minister.
What revolutionary Iranian event influenced Marji the most?
The war with Iraq had originally inspired Marji to vocal patriotism in protection her country against another invasion, but Marji begins to realize there are greater forces behind the war. She sees how the Islamic regime needs the war to continue survive and keep power.
How does the Iranian revolution impact Marji?
During the Iranian Revolution of 1979, Marji and her family are frightened by the angry protests as they fear for their safety. Before the Shah was overthrown, Marji’s parents are detained for hours by the soldiers, and her father has his film taken from his camera.
What does Marji want to be when she grows up and how do others respond to her choice?
Marji tells her parents she wants to be a doctor, but she feels like she has betrayed God. “I wanted to be justice, love, and the wrath of God all in one” (1.45). This is only the beginning of her identity crises.
Does Marjane support the revolution?
Marjane and her family challenged the Shah’s regime because the Shah had kicked Marjane’s grandfather out of the top governmental position, which caused them to challenge the Shah’s regime. This is also why they initially support the revolution.
How do others respond to Marji’s religious calling?
How do others respond to Marji’s religious calling? Her class mates laugh and call her crazy, her teacher is worried so she talks to her parents who are not worried.
How does Marji feel about the revolution?
Marji experiences shame that her father is not a ‘hero’ of the revolution and is confused by her mother who is now saying that “Bad people are dangerous but forgiving them is too. Don’t worry there is justice on earth”. Marji has no idea what justice is.