When were Liu Hui’s mathematical works first translated into English?

When was Jiuzhang Suanshu written?

The Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art (simplified Chinese: 九章算术; traditional Chinese: 九章算術; pinyin: Jiǔzhāng Suànshù; Wade–Giles: chiu3 chang1 suan4 shu1) is a Chinese mathematics book, composed by several generations of scholars from the 10th–2nd century BCE, its latest stage being from the 2nd century CE.

What did Liu Hui discover?

Liu Hui also discovered that a wedge that has a trapezoid base and both sloping sides could be transformed into two tetrahedral wedges segregated by a pyramid.

What is Liu Hui known for?

Liu Hui was a Chinese mathematician who wrote a commentary of the Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art.

How did Liu Hui discover pi?

Quick method

Liu Hui discovered a shortcut by comparing the area differentials of polygons, and found that the proportion of the difference in area of successive order polygons was approximately 1/4.

When was the nine chapters on the mathematical art written?

Most historians, however, would not believe that the original text of the Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art was nearly as old as Liu Hui believed. In fact most historians think that the text originated around 200 BC after the burning of the books by Shih Huang Ti. Others give dates between 100 BC and 50 AD.

Did the Chinese invent math?

Mathematics in China emerged independently by the 11th century BC. The Chinese independently developed a real number system that includes significantly large and negative numbers, more than one numeral system (base 2 and base 10), algebra, geometry, number theory and trigonometry.

Who was the first mathematician in the world?

Thales of Miletus

One of the earliest known mathematicians were Thales of Miletus (c. 624–c. 546 BC); he has been hailed as the first true mathematician and the first known individual to whom a mathematical discovery has been attributed.

Who is a mathematician of the 3rd century who made a study of such equations?

Diophantus of Alexandria

The word Diophantine refers to the Hellenistic mathematician of the 3rd century, Diophantus of Alexandria, who made a study of such equations and was one of the first mathematicians to introduce symbolism into algebra.

How do you pronounce Liu Hui?

Liu Hui was an ancient Chinese mathematician.

What is the Q in math?

R = real numbers, Z = integers, N=natural numbers, Q = rational numbers, P = irrational numbers.

What type of math was invented by Muslims?

Mathematics in the 10th century

Islamic scientists in the 10th century were involved in three major mathematical projects: the completion of arithmetic algorithms, the development of algebra, and the extension of geometry.

Did the Chinese and Roman know each other?

The short answer is: yes, the Romans knew of the existence of China. They called it Serica, meaning ‘the land of silk’, or Sinae, meaning ‘the land of the Sin (or Qin)’ (after the first dynasty of the Chinese empire, the Qin Dynasty).

Who invented 0?

mathematician Brahmagupta

Zero as a symbol and a value

About 650 AD the mathematician Brahmagupta, amongst others, used small dots under numbers to represent a zero.

Who is the mother of math?

As one of the leading mathematicians of her time, she developed some theories of rings, fields, and algebras.

Emmy Noether
Awards Ackermann–Teubner Memorial Award (1932)
Scientific career
Fields Mathematics and physics
Institutions University of Göttingen Bryn Mawr College

What did Einstein say about Ramanujan?

In the words of Albert Einstein, “Pure mathematics is, in its way, the poetry of logical ideas.” The credit for all the development in 20th century mathematics is given to the final writings, theories and developments of mathematics’ genius, Srinivasa Ramanujan Iyengar, who was born on December 22, 1887.

What is the IQ level of Ramanujan?


Srinivasa Ramanujan: IQ 185

Born in India in 1887, Srinivasa Ramanujan is one of the most influential mathematicians in the world. He made significant contributions to the analytical theory of numbers, as well as elliptic functions, continued fractions, and infinite series. He had an estimated IQ of 185.

Was Ramanujan a sage?

Ramanujan was a sage.

Why is Ramanujan so intelligent?

He gained intuition by looking at every problem from it’s most simple level and developing it in his head. After he did that, he knew the inside and out of every formula, so he had the building blocks for new formulas in his back pocket and the intuition to put it together.

How many hours did Srinivasa Ramanujan sleep?

The war had deprived him of full access to customary Indian comestibles to adequately meet his customary vegetarian food intake. This was made worse by self-catering his food needs only erratically while following his research obsessively: he could work continually for 30 hours and sleep for 20 hours.

Who is the greatest mathematician ever?

1- Leonhard Euler:

Leonhard Euler is one of the greatest mathematicians. He (15 April 1707 – 18 September 1783) was a Swiss mathematician, engineer, geographer, physicist, astronomer, and logician.

Who is the father of maths?


1. The life of the father of mathematics- Archimedes. He was born in Syracuse, which at the time was a Greek colony.

Why is 1729 called Ramanujan number?

Ramanujan said that it was not. 1729, the Hardy-Ramanujan Number, is the smallest number which can be expressed as the sum of two different cubes in two different ways. 1729 is the sum of the cubes of 10 and 9 – cube of 10 is 1000 and cube of 9 is 729; adding the two numbers results in 1729.

Who invented pi?

Archimedes of Syracuse

The first calculation of π was done by Archimedes of Syracuse (287–212 BC), one of the greatest mathematicians of the ancient world.

Who invented numbers?

The Egyptians invented the first ciphered numeral system, and the Greeks followed by mapping their counting numbers onto Ionian and Doric alphabets.

Who created the English numbers?

Hindu-Arabic numerals, set of 10 symbols—1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 0—that represent numbers in the decimal number system. They originated in India in the 6th or 7th century and were introduced to Europe through the writings of Middle Eastern mathematicians, especially al-Khwarizmi and al-Kindi, about the 12th century.

Who invented letters in math?

Frangois Viète

Frangois Viète (Latin: Vieta), a great French mathematician, is credited with the invention of this system, and is therefore known as the “father of modern algebraic notation” [3, p. 268].

When did zero become a number?

The number zero as we know it arrived in the West circa 1200, most famously delivered by Italian mathematician Fibonacci (aka Leonardo of Pisa), who brought it, along with the rest of the Arabic numerals, back from his travels to north Africa.

When was algebra invented?

The origins of algebra precede his birth by 2,500 years — in ancient Babylonia, Egypt and Athens. The earliest known origins are the Rhind mathematical papyrus, written by the scribe Ahmes (or Ahmose) in Egypt around 1650 BC.

Do numbers end?

The sequence of natural numbers never ends, and is infinite. OK, 1/3 is a finite number (it is not infinite). There’s no reason why the 3s should ever stop: they repeat infinitely. So, when we see a number like “0.999…” (i.e. a decimal number with an infinite series of 9s), there is no end to the number of 9s.

Who invented infinity?

infinity, the concept of something that is unlimited, endless, without bound. The common symbol for infinity, ∞, was invented by the English mathematician John Wallis in 1655.

Is Pie a real number?

Pi is a number that relates a circle’s circumference to its diameter. Pi is an irrational number, which means that it is a real number that cannot be expressed by a simple fraction. That’s because pi is what mathematicians call an “infinite decimal” — after the decimal point, the digits go on forever and ever.

Which book is known as Bible of mathematics?

question. Which book is known as the bible of mathematics? EUCLID’S ELEMENT.