Where can I find history of Pune or `Peshwa’s`?

What is the old name of Pune?


Anglicized to Poona in 1857 by the English during British rule, the city’s name was changed to Pune in 1978.

What was the Peshwas private land called?


The Peshwa’s land (Peshwai) was annexed to the British East India Company’s Bombay province, and Bajirao II, the Peshwa was pensioned off.

Who founded Pune city?

Pune first came under Maratha control in the early 1600s. However, control shifted between the Bhonsle family, the Adil Shahi dynasty, and the Mughals, for most of the century. In the early 1700s, Pune and its surrounding areas were granted to the newly appointed Maratha Peshwa, Balaji Vishwanath.

Does Peshwa family exist?

There are two Peshwa families in Pune. One is Dr Vinayakrao Peshwa, his wife Jayamangalaraje, daughter-in-law Aarti and their daughters. This is the 10th generation of the Peshwa family. Vinayakrao, 74, is a geologist and worked as a professor at the SPPU for 33 years.

When did Poona become Pune?

It became “Poona“ in the British regime in 1857 and was last changed to Pune in 1978. The only exception was when Mughal emperor Aurangzeb renamed the city as “Muhiyabad“ sometime between 1703 and 1705 in memory of his great-grandson Muhi-ul-Milan, who died here.

Who ascended the throne after Shivaji?


Sambhaji became the ruler after Shivaji and assumed the title of Chhatrapati. He was born on 14th may 1657. However he could only rule for nine years and was captured by the Mughals and executed. Rajaram was the half brother of Sambhaji.

Which historical fortification in Pune was the seat of the Peshwas until 1818?

Shaniwar Wada

Shaniwar Wada is a historical fortification in the city of Pune, India. Built in 1732, it was the great seat of the Peshwas of the Maratha Empire until 1818.

Who was the leader of 7000 Horse rider in Shivaji?

Baji Rao is considered as the most charismatic and dynamic leader in the Maratha history after Shivaji.

What is history of Maharashtra?

The name Maharashtra first appeared in the 7th century in the account of a contemporary Chinese traveler, Huan Tsang. In the early modern period, the region of Maharashtra came under the rule of several Islamic dynasties, including the Deccan Sultanates and Mughal Empire.

What is Speciality Pune?

The city of Pune is famous for its weather and hills, as well as for its IT parks and reputed educational institutions. But its food is really what snags first place. Despite its modernization and rapid development, Pune’s culinary scene has retained that same old taste and flavour.

How was Pune developed?

Called “Queen of the Deccan,” Pune is the cultural capital of the Maratha peoples. The city first gained importance as the capital of the Bhonsle Marathas in the 17th century. It was temporarily captured by the Mughals but again served as the official Maratha capital from 1714 until its fall to the British in 1817.

Who is Recognised as Shivaji successor?


Shivaji I
Successor Sambhaji
Born 19 February 1630 Shivneri, Ahmadnagar Sultanate (present-day Maharashtra, India)
Died 3 April 1680 (aged 50) Raigad Fort, Maratha Empire (present-day Maharashtra, India)
Spouse Sai Bhonsale Soyarabai Putalabai Sakvarbai Kashibai Jadhav

How many forts won Shivaji Maharaj?

Shivaji Maharaj was attributed to have had a control of almost 360 forts in his reign… Shivaji Maharaj, Maharashtra’s greatest warrior king known for his excellent military and guerilla warfare, is often cited as Maharashtra’s pride.

Who won Raigad Fort?

On May 9, 1818, the fort was looted and subsequently destroyed by British forces. It is nearly-impossible to estimate the accurate value of the Raigad Fort, one of India’s stunning landmarks and a witness to historic events and stories of legendary warriors.

Which fort Shivaji Maharaj never won?

8. Janjira. And then there is the island fort of Murud Janjira, the fort that Shivaji tried to capture quite a few times, but always failed. The fort is famous for its strategic location and marvelous architecture.

Which is the oldest fort in Maharashtra?

  • Sinhagad fort is one of the most important sites of the Maratha regime and is located 30 kms from Pune. …
  • Panhala fort is one of the oldest forts and was built by Raja Bhoj in the 12th century. …
  • Sindhudurg is one of the twin forts built by Shivaji, the other being the Vijaydurg fort.
  • Who destroyed Raigad Fort?

    The 1700s witnessed the rise of British East India Company in India, who saw the fort as a stronghold and hence, carried out an armed expedition against the same. In 1818, the British bombarded and destroyed the legacy of the Marathas and took control over the remains.

    Which fort is in water?

    Murud-Janjira Fort is situated on an oval-shaped rock off the Arabian Sea coast near the port city of Murud, 165 km (103 mi) south of Mumbai. Janjira is considered one of the strongest marine forts in India. The fort is approached by sailboats from Rajapuri jetty.

    Which is oldest fort in India?

    Kangra fort is located in the town of Dharamsala at a distance of about 20 kilometres. The fort was written about by the scribes of Alexander the Great, thus making it the oldest fort in India!

    Which city is known as fort City?

    Jaipur, famous as the Pink City, is the capital of the state of Rajasthan, India. It sits in the middle of a valley, Aravalli Hills surrounding it as if to protect it.

    Which fort is built by Shivaji Maharaj?

    Chhatrapati Shivaji, founder of Maratha empire in western India in 1664, was well known for his forts. Many, like Panhala Fort and Rajgad existed before him but others, like Sindhudurg and Pratapgad, were built by him from scratch.

    Which is the biggest fort in India?

    The Chittorgarh Fort also known as Chittorgarh or Chittor Fort is one of the largest forts in India. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The fort was the capital of Mewar and is located in the present-day town of Chittorgarh.

    Chittorgarh Fort
    Region South Asia

    Which is the biggest fort in the world?

    Ranikot Fort is also known as The Great Wall of Sindh and is believed to be the world’s largest fort, with a circumference of approximately 32 kilometres (20 mi). The fort’s ramparts have been compared to the Great Wall of China.
    Ranikot Fort.

    Founded 1812

    Where did Shivaji Maharaj built Sindhudurg?

    Built by Shivaji, Sindhudurg Fort was the naval headquarters of the Marathas. Situated on Kurte Island, it lies half a km away from the Malvan Port in the Arabian Sea. The fort lies 130 km north of Goa. Shivaji built the fort area to safeguard the maritime borders of his kingdom and from neighbouring rulers.

    Who owns Sindhudurg fort?

    The fortress lies on the shore of Malvan town of Sindhudurg District in the Konkan region of Maharashtra, 450 kilometres (280 mi) south of Mumbai. It is a protected monument.

    Sindhudurg Fort
    Owner Government of India
    Controlled by Maratha Empire Government of India (1947-present)
    Open to the public Yes
    Site history

    What is the meaning of Sindhudurg?

    The name of the district has been adopted form the famous sea fort of Sindhudurg. This was built by Shivaji Maharaj near Malwan and it literally means ‘Sea Fort‘.

    Who Captured Sindhudurg fort?

    But what the Great Shivaji held dear was the forts. He was well known for his fondness for forts and he was in possession of some 370 forts at the time of his death. Sindhudurg fortress lies on the shore of Malvan town of Sindhudurg district in the Konkan region of Maharashtra which is 450 kilometres south of Mumbai.

    Who built Vasai fort?

    the Portuguese

    Originally built by the Portuguese in 1536, the 110-acre fort was captured by the Marathas in 1739 and eventually by the British after the First Anglo-Maratha War in 1802. The fort is the standing testimony of India’s diverse history.

    Who built Vijaya Durga fort?

    Shivaji maharaj

    Vijaydurg (sometimes written as Viziadurg), the oldest fort on the Sindhudurg coast, was constructed during the regime of Raja Bhoja II of the Shilahar dynasty (construction period 1193-1205) and restructured by Shivaji maharaj.