Where was the Battle of Antioch (613 CE) fought?

Antioch, Turkeyoutside Antioch, Turkey between a Byzantine army led by Emperor Heraclius and a Persian Sassanid army under Generals (spahbed) Shahin and Shahrbaraz as part of the Byzantine–Sassanid War of 602–628.

Where did the Romans fight the Persians?

Roman–Persian Wars

Date 54 BC – 628 AD (681 years)
Location Mesopotamia, Syria, Southern Levant, Egypt, Transcaucasus, Atropatene, Asia Minor, Balkans, Aegean Sea

Where did the Persians defeat the Byzantines?

The Persians then captured Tarsus and the Cilician plain. This defeat cut the Byzantine empire in half, severing Constantinople and Anatolia’s land link to Syria, Palestine, Egypt, and the Exarchate of Carthage.

Who won the Persian Roman war?

In 296, the Persians under Narses won a victory over Romans under Galerius. In 297, the Romans under Galerius won a victory over the Persians under Narses.
Expedition to Palmyra.

Commander Short Biography
Valerian Emperor (253-260) who campaigned against Persia, but was captured by the Sassanids.

Who did the Sassanids fight?

The Byzantine–Sasanian War of 572–591 was a war fought between the Sasanian Empire of Persia and the Eastern Roman Empire, termed by modern historians as the Byzantine Empire.

Who conquered the Persian Empire?

Alexander the Great

The Persian Empire began to decline under the reign of Darius’s son, Xerxes. Xerxes depleted the royal treasury with an unsuccessful campaign to invade Greece and continued with irresponsible spending upon returning home. Persia was eventually conquered by Alexander the Great in 334 B.C.E.

What did the Romans call Iran?


Romans in Persia is related to the brief invasion and occupation of western and central areas of Parthia (modern-day Iran) by the Romans during their empire.

Who won the Battle of Byzantine Empire?

Sultan Mehmed II of the Ottoman Empire

Fall of Constantinople, (May 29, 1453), conquest of Constantinople by Sultan Mehmed II of the Ottoman Empire. The dwindling Byzantine Empire came to an end when the Ottomans breached Constantinople’s ancient land wall after besieging the city for 55 days.

Was Egypt part of the Byzantine Empire?

Egypt became part of the East Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire), which was now a Christian empire. AD 539 the Egyptian provinces were directly under the ‘praefectus praetorio per Orientem’. He had civil, but also military power.

Are Persians Arabs?

Main Differences Between Arabs and Persians

Arabs are the people who inhabit the Arab World i.e. North Africa and Western Asia. On the other hand, Persians are the people who inhabit the Iranian Cultural Continent, stretching from the Iranian Plateau to the Indus River of Pakistan in the east to Turkey in the West.

Why did Rome not conquer Persia?

So a short summary of why the Romans never captured Persia: the Parthians and then the Sassanids were opponents on the same level as the Romans for the most part and it was either not prudent, or not possible for the Romans to defeat them.

How did Persia become Islamic?

The Islamization of Iran occurred as a result of the Muslim conquest of Persia in 633–654 CE. It was a long process by which Islam, though initially rejected, was gradually accepted by the majority of the population.

What battle destroyed the Byzantine Empire?

Battle of Manzikert

Battle of Manzikert
Byzantine Empire Byzantine regular (Tagmata) and provincial (thematic) troops. Feudal levies of frontier land owners. Frankish, English, Norman, Georgian, Armenian, Bulgarian, Turkic Pecheneg & Cuman mercenaries Seljuk Empire Pecheneg & Cuman mercenaries
Commanders and leaders

Which battle took place against the Byzantines?

1068-1071: Siege of Bari The Normans conquered Bari and put an end to the Catepanate of Italy. 1071: Battle of Mantzikert The Seljuk Turks defeated the Byzantines and began the invasion of Anatolia.

What did the Ottomans call Constantinople?

“It’s a fact that the Ottomans called Istanbul ‘Kostantiniyye,’ among other names, in thousands of their official documents,” said Christoph Herzog, chair of Turkish studies at the University of Bamberg in Germany. Related: Why did Rome fall? The city already had many names before being called Constantinople.

What was the old name of Turkey?

The English name Turkey, now applied to the modern Republic of Turkey, is historically derived (via Old French Turquie) from the Medieval Latin Turchia, Turquia. It is first recorded in Middle English (as Turkye, Torke, later Turkie, Turky), attested in Chaucer, c.

What countries are the Ottoman Empire?

What Countries Were Part of the Ottoman Empire?

  • Turkey.
  • Greece.
  • Bulgaria.
  • Egypt.
  • Hungary.
  • Macedonia.
  • Romania.
  • Jordan.

Why did Istanbul change its name from Constantinople?

During the siege, the last Byzantine emperor, Constantine XI, died while defending his city. Almost immediately, Constantinople was declared to be the capital of the Ottoman Empire and its name was changed to Istanbul. Upon taking control of the city, Sultan Mehmed sought to rejuvenate Istanbul.

What religion did the Ottoman Empire follow?

The Turkish-speaking Ottoman royal family, the administration it created, and the educational and cultural institutions it eventually favored were all Sunni Muslim. However, subordinate Christian and Jewish sects also coexisted with Islam, which enjoyed the support and favor of the state.

Is Turkey named after Ataturk?

Under his leadership, the Republic of Turkey was declared in 1923, and he was honoured with the name Atatürk (“Father of the Turks”) by the Grand National Assembly of Turkey in 1934.

Who dethroned Sultan Abdul Hamid?

Sultan Mehmed V

Abdülhamid was deposed and replaced by Sultan Mehmed V (ruled 1909–18), son of Abdülmecid. The constitution was amended to transfer real power to the Parliament.

Who spread Islam in Turkey?

The established presence of Islam in the region that now constitutes modern Turkey dates back to the later half of the 11th century, when the Seljuks started expanding into eastern Anatolia.

Which country has the most Muslims?


The country with the largest number of Muslims overall is Indonesia, which is home to an estimated 231 million Muslims. This is 86.7% of the Indonesian population and nearly 13% of the world’s total population of Muslims.

What religion is in Russia?

Russian Orthodoxy

Religion in Russia is diverse with Christianity, especially Russian Orthodoxy, being the most widely professed faith, but with significant minorities of non-religious people and adherents of other faiths.

Do Sunnis believe in 12 imams?

The Sunni Muslims do not place any human being, including the Twelve Shiite Imams, on a level equal to or even close to the prophets. The Sunni view is that nowhere in the Koran is it mentioned that the twelve Shiite Imams are divinely ordained to lead Muslims after the death of Muhammad.

Who are 4 imams?

THE GREAT EDIFICE of Islamic Law is held up by four towering figures of the early middle ages: Abu Hanifa, Malik, al-Shafi i, and Ibn Hanbal. Because of their immense dedication and intellectual acuity, these men enjoy recognition to this day as Islam s most influential scholars.

Who is the current Shia Imam?

Muhammad al-Mahdi

The twelfth and final Imam is Muhammad al-Mahdi, who is believed by the Twelvers to be currently alive, and hidden in the Major Occultation until he returns to bring justice to the world. It is believed by Twelver and Alevi Muslims that the Twelve Imams have been foretold in the Hadith of the Twelve Successors.

Who was the first Calipha?

Abū Bakr

On Muhammad’s death (June 8, 632), the Muslims of Medina resolved the crisis of succession by accepting Abū Bakr as the first khalīfat rasūl Allāh (“deputy [or successor] of the Prophet of God,” or caliph).

Who was made Khalifa after the death of Muhammad Prophet?

ʿUthmān ibn ʿAffān, (died June 17, 656, Medina, Arabian Peninsula), third caliph to rule after the death of the Prophet Muhammad. He centralized the administration of the caliphate and established an official version of the Qurʾān.

Was Abu Bakr related to Muhammad?

Abu Bakr was a senior companion (Sahabah) and the father-in-law of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad. He ruled over the Rashidun Caliphate from 632-634 CE when he became the first Muslim Caliph following Muhammad’s death.