Who was the prime leader of the Maratha Confederation?

The Marathas became prominent in the 17th century under the leadership of Shivaji, who revolted against the Adil Shahi dynasty, and the Mughals to carve out a kingdom with Raigad as his capital.

Who was the greatest Maratha leader?

The best success of Shivaji was not in the establishment of an independent kingdom but in organising the Marathas into a nation and in inspiring them self-confidence. He created confidence among the Marathas and their chiefs that they could fight successfully against the Mughuls.

What were the leaders in the Maratha Confederacy were known as?

Thereafter the Maratha state was a confederacy of five chiefs under the nominal leadership of the peshwa at Poona (now Pune) in western India.

Who was the head of Maratha Confederacy Class 8?

Answer. After the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb’s death (1707), Maratha power revived under Shivaji’s grandson Shahu. He confided power to the Brahman Bhat family, who became hereditary peshwas (chief ministers).

Who are the major Maratha leaders?

Shivaji died in 1680, leaving a large, but vulnerably located kingdom. The Mughals invaded, fighting an unsuccessful 25 year long war from 1682 to 1707. Shahu, a grandson of Shivaji, ruled as emperor until 1749. During his reign, Shahu appointed a Peshwa (prime minister) as head of government under certain conditions.

Who was the major ruler of Maratha kingdom?

Chattrapati Shivaji Maharaj

The Maratha Empire dominated a large part of the Indian subcontinent in the 17th century. The empire formally existed from 1674 with the coronation of Chattrapati Shivaji Maharaj and ended in 1818 with the defeat of Peshwa Bajirao II at the hands of the British East India Company.

Who was the last Maratha ruler?

Shrimant Peshwa Baji Rao II was the 13th and the last Peshwa of the Maratha Empire. He governed from 1795 to 1818.

Who was the founder of Maratha emperor?


The founder of the Maratha Empire is Shivaji.

Who was the first king of Maharashtra?

List of Maratha Rulers

Chhatrapati of Maratha Empire
First monarch Shivaji Bhosale I
Last monarch Pratap Singh Bhonsle
Formation 1674 CE
Abolition 1818 CE

Who ruled Maharashtra after Shivaji?

Sambhaji bhosale

After the death of Shivaji Maharaj, he’s eldest son Sambhaji bhosale become the ruler of Maharastra. He was called the 2nd Chhatrapati. He ruled over for 9 years. Sambhaji was captured and executed by the Mughals and then succeeded by Rajaram Chhatrapati.

What was the role of Peshwas in Maratha Confederacy?

The initial Peshwas were all ministers who served as the chief executives to the king. The later Peshwas held the highest administrative office and also controlled the Maratha confederacy. Under the Chitpavan Brahmin Bhat family, the Peshwas became the de facto hereditary administrators of the Confederacy.

Who is the father of Maharashtra?


SHIVAJI BHONSLE AND HEIRS Shivaji (1630–1680), the father of Maharashtra and the originator of the Maratha polity, which lasted over 150 years from the middle of the seventeenth century until 1818, is more than a historical figure.

Who was the second founder of Maratha Empire?

Balaji Vishwanath

Balaji Vishwanath assisted a young Maratha Emperor Shahu to consolidate his grip on a kingdom that had been racked by civil war and persistently intruded on by the Mughals under Aurangzeb. He was called the Second Founder of the Maratha State. Later, his son Bajirao I became the Peshwa.

Who was the military leader of Shivaji Maharaj?

Shivaji had many Muslims in his military and ministries, and his most trusted general in all his campaigns was Haider Ali Kohari; Darya Sarang was chief of armoury; Ibrahim Khan and Daulat Khan were prominent in the navy; and Siddi Ibrahim was chief of artillery.

Who founded Maratha kingdom Class 7?

Chhatrapati Shivaji

Chhatrapati Shivaji was the founder of Maratha Empire in India.

Who was Shivaji Class 7 short answer?

Shivaji Bhonsale was an Indian empire and the greatest known Warrior king. He was an official member of the Bhonsle Maratha clan. Shivaji carved out an enclave from the declining Adil Shahi Sultanate of Bijapur. This was what had formed the beginning of the Maratha Empire.

Who was the last Mughal emperor?

Bahadur Shah II

The last Mughal emperor, Bahadur Shah II, also known as Zafar, died in a British prison in Burma in 1862.

What the chief minister of Maratha was called?


peshwa, the office of chief minister among the Maratha people of India. The peshwa, also known as the mukhya pradhan, originally headed the advisory council of the raja Shivaji (reigned c. 1659–80).

Who called as 2nd Shivaji?

Bajirao I

Bajirao I not only ruled with efficiency but also reestablished the glory of the Maratha empire. Hence he was called Shivaji, the second.

Is Peshwa Prime Minister?

The Peshwa was the appointed Prime Minister of the Maratha Empire of the Indian subcontinent. Originally, the Peshwas served as subordinates to the Chhatrapati; later, under the Bhat family, they became the de facto leaders of the Maratha Confederacy with the Chhatrapati becoming a nominal ruler.

Who were Peshwas Class 7?

Answer: The term Peshwa means Chief minister. After Shivaji’s death, the Peshwas become powerful and controlled the Maratha empire from 1713 to 1761. Balaji Vishwanath captured territories from the Mughals.

Who were the Peshwas Class 8?

Hint: Peshwas were the faithful Ministers in Maratha Empire who were appointed to give assistance to the king in state affairs. Peshwas were also known as Mukhya Pradhan who initially headed the advisory council of Shivaji Bhonsale who ruled from 1659 to 1680.

Who was killed in Shaniwar Wada?

Narayanrao Bhat (10 August 1755 – 30 August 1773) was the 10th Peshwa of the Maratha Confederacy from November 1772 until his assassination in August 1773.
Narayan Rao.

Shrimant Peshwa Narayan Rao
Died 30 August 1773 (aged 18) Shaniwar Wada, Pune, Maratha Confederacy (modern day Maharashtra, India)
Cause of death Assassination

What is chauth and Sardeshmukhi?

It was an annual tax nominally levied at 25% on revenue or produce, hence the name. It was levied on the lands which were under nominal Mughal rule. The sardeshmukhi was an additional 10% levy on top of the chauth. It is a tribute paid to the king.

What was Chauth Class 7?

Chauth (Sanskrit meaning one-fourth) was a daily tax or tribute levied on the Indian subcontinent by the Maratha Empire from the beginning of the 18th century. It was an annual tax nominally levied on sales or produce at 25 percent, hence the term. On the lands that were under nominal Mughal control, it was levied.

Who started Sardeshmukhi?

In February 1719, the Mughal emperor Rafi-ud-Darajat had assigned the Chauth and Sardeshmukhi rights over the six Mughal subas of the Deccan to Raja Shahu. In return of Chauth, Raja Sahu would maintain a contingent of 15,000 Maratha soldiers for the service and protection of the emperor.

Who paid Chauth?


Chauth is the tax which the small kingdoms or Dynasties have to pay to Marathas which was in order to protect their territory from being invaded and conquered by other kings. Chauth (one-fourth) was an annual tax nominally levied at 25% on revenue or produce and based on the might.

What is called Chauth?

chauth, in 17th- and 18th-century India, a levy of one-fourth of the revenue demand (or actual collection) of a district from which the Marathas claimed rights of passage or overlordship. The name was derived from the Sanskrit word meaning “a fourth.” Related Topics: India taxation.

Who started Chauth?

the Maratha Empire

Chauth (from Sanskrit meaning one-fourth) was a tax or tribute imposed, from early eighteenth century, by the Maratha Empire in India. It was nominally levied at 25% on revenue or produce, whence the name.

What was Sardeshmukhi answer?

Answer. ‘Sardeshmukhi’ is an additional 10% tax levied upon the collected ‘Chauth’. … Chauth and Sardeshmukhi were taxes conceived during the times of the Great Maratha Ruler Shivaji Maharaj.

Who defeated Portuguese?

All the top generals of Portuguese were dead, so a captain signed instrument of surrender. Chimnaji gave eight days to the Portuguese to leave. Many Hindus who had been forcibly made Catholic were allowed to convert back. This victory was cherished by Marathas for a long time.

Which among the following was the capital of Shivaji?

Rajgad (literal meaning Ruling Fort) is a hill fort situated in the Pune district of Maharashtra, India. Formerly known as Murumdev, the fort was the capital of the Maratha Empire under the rule of Shivaji for almost 26 years, after which the capital was moved to the Raigad Fort.