Why did the French insist on reclaiming Indo-China after WWII?

Why did France want Indochina?

Beginning in the 1930s, France began to exploit the region for its natural resources and to economically diversify the colony. Cochinchina, Annam and Tonkin (encompassing modern-day Vietnam) became a source of tea, rice, coffee, pepper, coal, zinc and tin, while Cambodia became a centre for rice and pepper crops.

What happened to French Indochina after World War II?

After World War II, France attempted to regain its colonial domination of Indochina (Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos) which led in 1946 to the outbreak of an insurgency against France by the Việt Minh.

Why was France involved in Indochina following ww2?

After World War II, the U.S. and other western nations lost an opportunity to have influence in Indochina when the Truman administration, motivated by fear that Ho Chi Minh was part of the international communist movement, support the French in their efforts to re-assert its colonial rule over Indochina.

Why did the French eventually withdraw from Indochina?

The Việt Minh launched attacks on Hòa Bình, forcing the French to withdraw back to their main positions on the De Lattre Line by February 22, 1952.

Why did the French withdraw from Indochina in the 1950s?

Why did the French withdraw from Indochina in the 1950s? In 1954 a communist independentist movement under the leadership of Ho Chi Minh defeated the French. Ho Chi Minh’s rebellion had been fighting the french for almost ten years.

Which of the following were French motivations for the colonization of Indochina?

The French saw Indochina as a market for French manufactured goods. The French wanted to acquire raw materials for industry. The French were interested in gaining influence in Asia.

How did Indochina gain independence?

Under the Geneva Agreements, France agreed to withdraw its troops from Indochina, and agreed to the independence of South Vietnam and North Vietnam on December 29, 1954.

What occurred when Japan stated that they were taking control of French Indochina in 1941?

What occurred when Japan stated that they were taking control of French Indochina in 1941? Roosevelt froze all Japanese financial assets in the United States and restricted oil exports.

What side was French Indochina on in WW2?

French Indochina

Full Name Indochinese Federation
Alliance Neutral or Non-Belligerent
Possessing Power France
Entry into WW2 23 Sep 1940
Population in 1939 24,568,000

When did France colonize Indochina?


French Indochina was the collective name for the French colonial regions of Southeast Asia from colonization in 1887 to independence and the subsequent Vietnam Wars of the mid-1900s.

How did the countries of French Indochina gain?

How did the countries of French Indochina gain their independence? Communist forces waged a successful war for independence. Which of the following nations achieved independence through armed rebellion?

Why were the French confident that they would win the war against the Viet Minh?

They were confident that after few months and placing strongholds to control the “turbulent” areas the situation would go back to normal. The French army was trained to fight a traditional warfare of attacks and tactical maneuvers quite far from the hit and run tactics of the Vietminh.

Why did the French want Vietnam?

The decision to invade Vietnam was made by Napoleon III in July 1857. It was the result not only of missionary propaganda but also, after 1850, of the upsurge of French capitalism, which generated the need for overseas markets and the desire for a larger French share of the Asian territories conquered by the West.

What actions did France take to consolidate her position in Indochina?

(2) After the war with China, the French assumed control of Tonkin and Anaam and in the year 1887 French Indo-China was established. (3) In the next few decades, France tried to consolidate its position by building canals and draining lands in order to increase cultivation in the Mekong Delta.

Why did the French fight in Vietnam?

The central fact of French involvement in Vietnam was the persistent seven-year effort to re-establish French colonial rule. French forces were pitted against a Communist-led revolution for national independence; at no point did France offer Vietnam the alternative of non-Communist independence.

Are there any French left in Vietnam?

Official figures in 2019 estimate that about 675,000 Vietnamese are fluent in French, many of whom are older individuals educated during the colonial era. Its usage in everyday life has greatly declined since 1975, however, with the number of people using French on a regular basis being between 5,000 to 6,000.

Why did war break out between the Vietnamese nationalists and the French?

Why did war break out between the Vietnamese nationalist and the French? The nationalist named Ho Chi Minh drove out the French from Vietnam. The U.S. started to worry because the nationalist leader seeked help from a communist leader. They thought that this would start a domino affect to become communist.

Why did the French leave Vietnam?

Nationalist forces under the direction of General Vo Nguyen Giap trounced the allied French troops at the remote mountain outpost of Dien Bien Phu in the northwest corner of Vietnam. This decisive battle convinced the French that they could no longer maintain their Indochinese colonies and Paris quickly sued for peace.

What convinced the French to pull out of Vietnam?

2) What convinced the French to pull out of Vietnam? The French troops were unable to defeat the Vietminh guerrillas, and casualties made the war increasingly unpopular with the French people. When the French lost Dien Bien Phu to the Vietminh, they decided to make peace and withdraw from Indochina.

How did the French treat Vietnam?

French colonists were interested in acquiring land, exploiting labour, exporting resources and making profit. 3. Vietnamese land was seized by the French and collectivised into large rice and rubber plantations. Local farmers were forced to labour on these plantations in difficult and dangerous conditions.

How did Vietnam gain independence from France?

In early 1945, Japan ousted the French administration in Vietnam and executed numerous French officials. When Japan formally surrendered to the Allies on September 2, 1945, Ho Chi Minh felt emboldened enough to proclaim the independent Democratic Republic of Vietnam.

What happened to Vietnam after WWII?

After World War II and the collapse of Vietnam’s monarchy, France attempted to re-establish its colonial rule but was ultimately defeated in the First Indo-China War. The Geneva Accords in 1954 partitioned the country temporarily in two with a promise of democratic elections in 1956 to reunite the country.

Did North or South Vietnam win?

Communist forces ended the war by seizing control of South Vietnam in 1975, and the country was unified as the Socialist Republic of Vietnam the following year.

Who controlled Vietnam after ww2?

Ho Chi Minh’s communist Democratic Republic of Vietnam took control of the zone to the north of the 17th parallel, while the State of Vietnam, created by the French in 1949 and increasingly supported by the Americans, administered the south.

How many Vietnam War veterans are still alive today?

despite their oral claim of service there. As of this date The American War Library estimates that approximately 610,000 Americans who served on land in Vietnam or in the air over Vietnam between 1954 and 1975 are alive today. And approximately 164,000 Americans who served at sea in Vietnam waters are alive today.

Did France cause the Vietnam War?

The conflict in Vietnam took root during an independence movement against French colonial rule and evolved into a Cold War confrontation. The conflict in Vietnam took root during an independence movement against French colonial rule and evolved into a Cold War confrontation.

Is Vietnam still divided?

The Vietnam War’s north-south division officially ended 31 years ago. Vast cultural differences divide the former republics of North and South Vietnam.

Could the US have won the Vietnam War?

Place once dragged into the fight though had the u.s accepted the reality that any war is a total war it could have quickly and decisively defeated the north. Limited war does not work.

Is Vietnam rich or poor?

Vietnam has been a development success story. Economic reforms since the launch of Đổi Mới in 1986, coupled with beneficial global trends, have helped propel Vietnam from being one of the world’s poorest nations to a middle-income economy in one generation.

Does Saigon still exist?

Officially, the southern metropolis’s name is Ho Chi Minh City, and has been for many years, but there are still a number of locals and visitors alike that call it Saigon.

What does Saigon mean in English?

• SAIGON (noun) Meaning: A city in South Vietnam; formerly (as Saigon) it was the capital of French Indochina. Classified under: Nouns denoting spatial position.

Whats Vietnam called now?

the Socialist Republic of Vietnam

1976 – Vietnam is reunified as the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. Hundreds of thousands flee abroad, including many “boat people”.