What is separate electorate for depressed classes?
The Poona Pact was an agreement between Mahatma Gandhi and B. R. Ambedkar on behalf of depressed classes and upper caste Hindu leaders on the reservation of electoral seats for the depressed classes in the legislature of British India in 1932. It was made on 24 September 1932 at Yerwada Central Jail in Poona, India.
What is the purpose of separate electorate?
Separate electorates are usually demanded by minorities who feel it would otherwise be difficult for them to get fair representation in government. For example, a separate electorate for Muslims means that Muslims will choose their separate leader by separate elections for Muslims.
Why did the Dalits ask for separate electorates?
He was afraid of division inside Congress and Hindu society due to separate scheduled caste representations. But Ambedkar insisted for separate electorate for scheduled caste.
Why was the demand for separate electorate made during the drafting of the Constitution Class 12?
Ques (c): Why was the demand for Separate Electorate made during the drafting of the Constitution? Ans: Some members of the Constituent Assembly felt that a meaningful participation of the minorities in the governance could be ascertained only by the system of separate electorates.
What did Poona Pact offer the depressed classes?
Poona pact was the result of communal award granted in 1932 by the British government. It provided asked for allocation of 148 seats to depressed classes in the provincial legislature. In the Central Legislature, 19% of the seats would be reserved for the Depressed Classes.
Why was Poona Pact signed short answer?
Ambedkar was demanding separate electorates for dalits. Mahatma Gandhi believed that separate electorates for dalits would slow down the process of their integration into society. Ambedkar ultimately accepted Gandhiji’s position and the result was Poona Pact of September 1932.
Why were the separate electorates for Muslims implemented since 1990?
In provincial government, Muslims were to be represented by separate electorates. It gave constitutional recognition to Muslims. They would have not only elect their own representatives, but also had right to vote in general constituencies.
When did separate electorate pass?
Indian Councils Act 1909 – Wikipedia.
What is meant by separate electorate Class 10?
Separate Electorates are that type of elections in which minorities select their own representatives separately, as opposed to Joint Electorates where people are selected collectively. When minorities fear that they would not get representation in state affairs and government then they demand separate electorates.
What was the importance of Poona Pact?
The pact made the entire country morally responsible for the uplift of the depressed classes. As the concessions agreed to in the Poona Pact were precursors to the world’s largest affirmative programme (reservation in legislature, public services and educational institutions) launched much later in independent India.
Which act gave separate constituency to the Muslims?
The Indian Councils Act, 1909
Detailed Solution. The correct answer is The Indian Councils Act, 1909. The Indian Councils Act, 1909 introduced a few reforms in the legislative councils and the act increased the involvement of Indians in the governance of British India. This act introduced a separate electorate for Muslims for the first time.